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Sarah Jenyns Churchill
Birth: May 29, 1660
St Albans
St Albans District
Hertfordshire, England
Death: Oct. 13, 1744
Westminster
City of Westminster
Greater London, England

Duchess of Marlborough. Born Sarah Jenyns to Frances Thornhurst and Richard Jenyns (sometimes recorded as Jennings) of Hertfordshire. In 1673 she went to court as Maid of Honour to James, Duke of York's second wife, Mary of Modena. She married John Churchill in October 1678. After Princess Anne's marriage in 1683, Sarah was appointed to her as a Lady of the Bedchamber. In 1688, with the onset of the Glorious Revolution, King James ordered that both Lady Churchill and Princess Anne be placed under house arrest, and the pair escaped together to Nottingham. The new monarchs, William and Mary, created Churchill Earl of Marlborough though Sarah's influence over Princess Anne was seen in a poor light, to the point that Queen Mary demanded her sister dismiss Sarah. Anne refused. The friendship between Sarah and Aanne grew as the relationship between the sisters became more antagonistic. In 1702, Anne succeeded to the throne and created Churchill Duke of Marlborough and ganted them a pension of 5000 a year for life. Sarah was created Mistress of the Robes, Groom of the Stole, Keeper of the Privy Purse, and Ranger of Windsor great Park. She had virtual control over the Queen from her finances to those who would be granted a royal audience. Two years later, however, there war a breach in the relationship due to politics, Sarah's chronic absences from court, and clash of personlities. When her only surviving son contacted smallpox and died at 17 in 1703, she withdrew from society and largely ignored the queen's letters. When Anne's husband died, however, Sarah bulled into the Queen's mourning and displayed a callous disregard toward her friend's feelings. By 1708, the rift between the Queen and Sarah was all but complete, collapsing finally three years later due to Sarah's abrasive personal attacks on the Queen and her new favorite. In January 1711, Sarah was stripped of her offices and the Queen dismissed the Marlboroughs from court. In disgrace, they left England and traveled Europe. They returned to England August 1, 1714, the same day the Queen died. Under the new monarch, Marlborough was back in favor, but after his death in 1722, Sarah alienated the King by flatly declaring him 'too German.' During her life she amassed a personal fortune that included twenty-seven estates, over 4 million in land; 17,000 in rent rolls; and a further 12,500 in annuities, making her a very wealthy widow. And although the relationship with most of her daughters was strained, she arranged marriages for them to England's greatest aristocratic families. Among the more famous of her descendants are Sir Winston Churchill and Diana, Princess of Wales. (bio by: Iola) 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  John Churchill (1650 - 1722)*
 
 Children:
  Barbara Churchill Spencer (1672 - 1737)*
  Henrietta Churchill Godolphin (1681 - 1733)*
  Anne Churchill Spencer (1682 - 1716)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Blenheim Palace
Woodstock
West Oxfordshire District
Oxfordshire, England
Plot: Chapel
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: David Conway
Record added: Oct 24, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 5887499
Sarah <i>Jenyns</i> Churchill
Added by: Curtis Jackson
 
Sarah <i>Jenyns</i> Churchill
Added by: David Conway
 
Sarah <i>Jenyns</i> Churchill
Cemetery Photo
Added by: julia&keld
 
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- poddop
 Added: Oct. 13, 2016
For my 9th Great Grandmother. Peace.
- Bonnie Schermer
 Added: Aug. 28, 2016

- David Wend
 Added: May. 29, 2016
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