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Catherine I Alexeyevna Romanov
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Birth: Apr. 15, 1684, Estonia
Death: May 17, 1727
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russia

Empress of Imperial Russia. Having a diverse heritage, she was born Marta Skowroska, the daughter of Latvian peasants with a Polish surname, in a Baltic country under Swedish rule. At the age of three, she was orphaned when her parents died of plague, then lived with an aunt. Later she was sent to be a servant of a Protestant Bible scholar, Ernst Glück, who may have given her the only education she ever had. When she was seventeen, the Glück family arranged a marriage to a Swedish soldier. At this time, the Great Northern War between Russia and Sweden for an outlet to the Baltic Sea was on-going. Eight days after the wedding, the Russian army invaded her village and the Swedish army retreated taking the groom. She, along with the Glück family, was taken as "wins of the war" to Moscow to be laborers. Ivan Grey and Robert Massie, scholars of Czar Peter I, wrote in details about Catherine's early years in each of their books. Both scholars agree that she was a prisoner of war in a Russian military camp at the mercy of soldiers who would not have respected a beautiful young girl. She was assigned to be a personal servant girl to several Russian Army officers including Czar Peter's friend, Prince Alexander Menshikov. According to Massie, he may have actually purchased her from another officer. It was at Alexander's quarters that Catherine and Peter first become acquaintances. After meeting Peter, she soon became his "intimate companion" as Grey referred to their relationship. After their first child was born, she converted from being Catholic to Russian Orthodox with the name of Catherine Alexeyevna. Peter grew to be dependent on her as she nursed him after his epileptic convulsions, supported him in military decisions, and calmed his rages. In 1707 they were "secretly married"; they produced a total of nine children with only two daughters living to adulthood: Anna and Elizabeth. During these years, Peter's wife Eudoxia was in a monastery where she had been banished by the czar. After the church granted a divorce from Eudoxia, Peter officially married Catherine at Saint Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg on February 9, 1712, and she was given the title of "Czarina Catherine I of Russia" in 1724. When the czar died without a named heir, Catherine's supporters, including Menshikov, made her the first Empress of Imperial Russia. After a two-year reign, she died of pneumonia. Since the couple had a morganatic marriage, there was no legal heir to the throne. The heir apparent became Peter II, the grandson of Peter the Great and his first wife Eudoxia. Nearly twenty years later, their daughter Elizabeth became heir to the throne.
Family links: 
   Peter I the Great (1672 - 1725)
  Anna Petrovna Romanov (1708 - 1728)*
  Elizabeth Petrovna Romanov (1709 - 1762)*
  Natalia Petrovna Romanov (1713 - 1715)*
  Margarita Petrovna Romanov (1714 - 1715)*
  Pyotr Petrovich Romanov (1715 - 1719)*
  Pavel Petrovich Romanov (1717 - 1717)*
  Pyotr Petrovich Romanov (1723 - 1723)*
*Calculated relationship
St. Peter and Paul Fortress
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russia
Plot: Tomb #2
Created by: Linda Davis
Record added: May 20, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 52648283
Catherine I Alexeyevna Romanov
Added by: Linda Davis
Catherine I Alexeyevna Romanov
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Benny Chordt Hansen
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- Brandon Burns
 Added: Jun. 27, 2017

- Ernest Sharpe Jr
 Added: Feb. 8, 2017

- R I P
 Added: Nov. 15, 2014
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