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John Frederick Theodore Baiar
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Birth: Mar. 25, 1839, Germany
Death: Dec. 13, 1923
Champaign County
Illinois, USA

John Frederick Theodore Beier, a German immigrant, served for 3 years in Company H, 94th Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry. After the Civil War, he returned to McLean County, Illinois, where he married Mary "Reinolds" on 1 September 1866. (Mary, née Zweng, was the widow of Private Jacob Reynolds.) John "Baiar" was naturalized in 1868, and that same year he purchased land in East Bend Township, Champaign County, Illinois. The 1870 through 1900 censuses show John Beier and family farming in East Bend Township. He and his wife later retired to the nearby village of Fisher.

According to his biography, "John T. Beier... was born in the Kingdom of Prussia, March 25, 1839, and is the son of Henry and Minnie Beier, natives of the same country, who emigrated to the United States with their four children in 1857, and became residents of Blue Mound Township, McLean Co., Ill...
"He resided with them in McLean County, Ill., until 1862, and then, the Civil War being in progress, enlisted as a Union soldier in Co. H, 94th Ill. Vol. Inf. His regiment was assigned to the department of the Gulf, and he parti- cipated in some of the most important battles of the war, including the siege and capture of Vicksburg. He was also with the Red River expedition, and present at the principal engagements of that campaign, including Ft. Morgan and Spanish Fort. He followed the fortunes of his comrades on the march and in the field, enduring with patience and courage the hardships and privations incident to a soldier's life, and at the close of the war received his honorable discharge at Galveston, Tex., in August, 1865. He then returned to his home in McLean County, where he resumed farming and lived until 1868. That year he came to East Bend Township, in this [Champaign] county, and purchased 120 acres of uncultivated land. He was successful in its improvement, and put up a good set of frame buildings...
"Mr. Beier was married in 1868 [sic], to Miss Mary S. Swain, a native of Bavaria, and the five children born to them are Laura, Ida [Henrietta], Amelia [Emma], George and Mary [Maria]. Mr. Beier votes the Republican ticket, and with his worthy wife is a member in good standing of the Lutheran Church." (Portrait and Biographical Album of Champaign County, Ill. (Chicago: Chapman Bros., 1887), p. 423.)

Brothers John and Frederick "Baiar" enlisted as privates on 1 August 1862 for 3 years of service, and mustered in Company H, 94th Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, on 20 August. John Baiar, according to his enlistment papers, was age 22, a farmer, single, born in Germany, and resident in Bloomington, McLean County, Illinois. He was 5 feet, 9 1/2 inches tall, had dark hair, hazel eyes, and a light complexion. Private John Baiar and Private Frederick Baiar mustered out with their regiment on 17 July 1865 in Galveston, Texas.

Both the 1910 census and Mary Beier's death notice indicate the couple had ten children; three (Emma Marie, George John, and Viola Minerva) were living in 1910.

- Laura Beier Nagle (1865-66 - 1894-97)
- Henry Beier (Dec 1869 - before 1880)
- Henrietta Beier (also called Etta or Ida) (1874 - 1887-1900)
- Emma Marie Beier Painter (13 Jul 1875 - 19 Jan 1946)
- George John Beier (16 Oct 1877 - 27 Aug 1931)
- boy Beier (17 Aug 1878 - before 1880)
- Maria Beier (22 Aug 1882 - 9 Jun 1889)
- Florentine Beier (14 Jul 1885 - 6 Jun 1886)
- Viola Minerva "Ola" Beier Walker (28 Aug 1889 - 23 Mar 1934)
- unidentified tenth child


Variant surname spellings include Baiar, Baire, Beier, Beiers, Beir, Beyer, Beyers, and Bier.

The 1887 bio. cited above identifies his three brothers: "Frederick is a resident of Chenoa, Ill.; Charles and August are farming in Blue Mound Township..." Another sibling died in Prussia.

1860 U.S. Census, Randolph Twp., McLean Co., Illinois; dwelling 388, family 389, lines 3-7, p. 580 (printed), p. 84 (written), no date. (Post office: Bloomington)
3. John C. Rayburne [head], 32, farmer, Ohio.
7. John Baire, 21, laborer, Prussia.

McLean County Court, Naturalization Records, Book A, p. 261. Final Order 29 Oct 1868; native of Prussia; enlisted in Vol. service of US; served therein and was honorably discharged therefrom; witnesses Charles Baiar and Frederick Baiar; Res US 11 yrs; renounces allegiance to King of Prussia. (Brother Frederick Baiar naturalized on same day.)

1870 U.S. Census, East Bend Twp., Champaign Co., Illinois; dwellings 129-130, families 119-120, lines 21-23 and 24-27, p. 122B (printed), p. 16 (written), 11 Jul 1870.
21. Bier, Chris [head], 32, farmer, Germany.
22. Minnie, 20, keeping house, Germany.
23. Albert, 3/12, Illinois.
24. Bier, John [head], 30, farmer, Germany.
24. Mary, 25, keeping house, Germany.
25. Laura, 4, Illinois.
26. Henry, 7/12, Illinois.
Note: "Chris"--correctly Charles--and John were brothers. Both reported land worth $1,800, and personal property worth $500.

1880 U.S. Census, E.D. 9, East Bend Twp., Champaign Co., Illinois; dwelling 50, family 52, lines 22-27, p. 124B (printed), p. 6 (written), 5 Jun 1880.
22. Beier, John, 41 [head], farmer, born in Prussia; parents born in Prussia.
23. ----- Mary, 36, wife, keeping house, born in Bavaria; parents born in Bavaria.
24. ----- Laura, 13, daughter, Illinois.
25. ----- Etta, 6, daughter, Illinois.
26. ----- Emielie, 4, daughter, Illinois.
27. ----- George, 2, son, Illinois.

Owned 117 acres in section 29, East Bend Township, according to 1887 bio. cited above.

"Baiar, John" of "H 94 Ill. Inf." filed for a pension as an invalid on 12 Jul 1890. (Civil War pension card)

1900 U.S. Census, E.D. 13, (Fisher), East Bend Twp., Champaign Co., Illinois; dwelling 7, family 7, lines 27-29, p. 24A (printed), p. 1 (written), 2 Jun 1900.
27. Beir, John, head, Nov 1839, 60, married 32 years, born in Germany; both parents in Germany; immigrated in 1857, resident in U.S. 43 years, naturalized; land lord.
28. ----- Maria, wife, Jul 1844, 55, married 32 years, 6 children (3 living), born in Germany; both parents in Germany; immigrated in 1857, resident in U.S. 43 years.
29. ----- Viola, daughter, Aug 1889, 10, Illinois.

1910 U.S. Census, E.D. 2, Fisher, Brown Twp., Champaign Co., Illinois; dwelling 217, family 221, lines 20-21, p. 28 (printed), p. 13A (written), 30 Apr 1910.
20. Beiers, John, 70, married 43 years, born in Prussia; parents in Prussia; own income; Union Army vet.
21. ----- Mary, wife, 66, second marriage, married 43 years, 10 children (3 living), born in Bavaria; parents in Bavaria.

1920 U.S. Census, E.D. 2, Fisher Village, Brown Twp., Champaign Co., Illinois; dwelling 182, family 185, lines 73-77, p. 272B (printed), p. 7B (written), 7-8 Jan 1920.
Household of Walker, Nesbirt. (Poor image)
77. Beiers, John, father-in-law, 80, widowed, Germany.

Beier, John Frederich; 13 Dec 1923; Fisher, Champaign County. (Illinois Statewide Death Index, 1916-1950)

Obit. of John Frederick Theodore Beyers: "Death Calls Another Veteran," The Fisher Reporter, Illinois, 19 Dec 1923, p. 1.

Research Note

In the Roster, 1905. Chenoa, Post, No. 185, G.A.R [Grand Army of the Republic], the entry for Frederick Beier (who served in Company H, 94th Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry) states: "born in Fritznow, Prussia, Feb. 10, 1842." "Fritznow" may be the village of Fritzow, formerly in Prussia's Province of Pomerania--now Wrzosowo, Poland.

Family links: 
  Henry Beier (1804 - 1887)
  Wilhelmina Beier (1813 - 1872)
  Mary S. Zweng Reynolds Beier (1844 - 1915)*
  Henrietta Beier Marshall (1872 - 1894)*
  Emma Marie Beier Painter (1875 - 1946)*
  George John Beier (1877 - 1931)*
  Maria Beier (1882 - 1889)*
  Florentine Beier (1885 - 1886)*
  Viola Beier Horn (1889 - 1934)*
  John Frederick Theodore Baiar (1839 - 1923)
  Frederick Beier (1842 - 1910)*
  Charles G. Beier (1848 - 1930)*
  August J. Beier (1850 - 1933)*
*Calculated relationship

94 ILL. INF.

Beekman Cemetery
Champaign County
Illinois, USA
Plot: Beekman Cemetery
Created by: Russell Kasper
Record added: Jul 20, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 39659892
John Frederick Theodore Baiar
Added by: Russell Kasper
John Frederick Theodore Baiar
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Veteran of the Civil War. On this 150th Anniversary, we salute you.
- Russell Kasper
 Added: Sep. 16, 2014
John Frederick Theodore Beier was my gr. gr. grandfather through his son George John Beier through his son John Henry Beyers.
- Claudia Bissler
 Added: Jun. 13, 2012

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