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Nancy Maria Hill
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Birth: Nov. 19, 1833
Middlesex County
Massachusetts, USA
Death: Jan. 8, 1919
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA

Nancy M. Hill
1833 - 1919

First woman doctor to serve Dubuque (Obstetrician)
Army Nurse during the Civil War,
Community Activist

Dubuque's first female physician, was born in Massachusetts on November 19, 1833.

She studied in Mt. Holyoke, Mass. During the Civil War, she served as an Army Nurse and was stationed at Washington, D.C.'s Armory Square Hospital within seventy-five miles of worst battles of the Civil War, such as Antietam, Chancellorsville, and the Battle of the Wilderness. She was noticed when while at The Wilderness, when she defied Secretary of War Stanton's misguided orders, by taking the decision to have 300 wounded and sick soldiers brought into the hospital for treatment. This courageous action highlighted the nature of Stanton's orders on the next day. Consequently she was honored for acting on her care to treat the sick and to save lives.

She was advised to study medicine by the Army Chief Surgeon. At the age of forty-one, she attended the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. At that time Michigan was the only medical school to accept women. She graduated in 1874.

In 1875, she opened her office on Locust street (Dubuque, Iowa) where she specialized in obstetrics for the next forty years. By her own account, she delivered nearly one thousand babies in that time.

Nancy Hill won the respect of her peers in the medical profession. She was a member of the Dubuque Medical Association, Cedar Valley Medical Society, American Medical Association and the Iowa State Medical

Dr. Hill took an active role in community life. She is remembered for founding the Women's Rescue Society of Dubuque in 1896 for unwed mothers and children. On the occasion of her eightieth birthday, St. Luke's United Methodist Church took over the day to day responsibility of operating the home. Although other churches in Dubuque helped to support it. Eventually this task fell to the (then) North Iowa Conference of the Methodist Church. In 1924, it was renamed 'The Hillcrest Baby Fold' in honor of Nancy M. Hill. In 1928, the Baby Fold became one of nine local organizations named charter recipients of the Dubuque Community Chest (forerunner to today's United Way Services).

She served as the president of the Woman's Suffrage Association in Dubuque.

Linwood Cemetery
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA
Created by: Jean Colson
Record added: Jan 09, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 83189939
Nancy Maria Hill
Added by: Rick Lawrence
Nancy Maria Hill
Added by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye
Nancy Maria Hill
Cemetery Photo
Added by: PJB
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In honored remembrance to your love and faithful service to the sick, wounded and dying soldiers you cared for during the Civil Wa. May your sacrifice for our great Nation not have been in vain....
- Rick Lawrence, MSgt., USMC/USAFR (RET)
 Added: Oct. 15, 2012

 Added: Jan. 9, 2012

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