Metropolitan Borough of Bury
Greater Manchester, England
|Death: ||Jul. 10, 1588|
Archbishop Edwin Sandys was an English prelate. He was Anglican Bishop of Worcester from 1559 to 1570, of London from 1570 to 1576, and Archbishop of York from 1576 to 1588 during the reign of Elizabeth I of England. He was one of the translators of the Bishops' Bible.
Edwin was born in 1519 at Esthwaite Hall, which is one mile south of Hawkshead, Cumbria, on the road to Newby Bridge. The Hall nestles in the valley and overlooks Esthwaite Water. Today it is still a family home, although the Sandys family now reside in the grander Graythwaite Hall a few miles further south. He was the son of William Sandys and Margaret Dixon Sandys, a descendant of William I of Scotland it is claimed.
Whilst there is a theory that young Edwin received his early education at Furness Abbey, it is believed by Collinson that both Edmund Grindal and Edwin Sandys shared a childhood, quite probably in St. Bees, and were educated together. A branch of the Sandys family lived at Rottington Hall near St Bees, the heralds knew in 1653 the family "…of St Bees in the County of Cumberland", and Sandys himself has recalled that he and Grindal had lived "familiarly" and "as brother" and were only separated between Sandys's 13th and 18th years. The St Bees register are full of Sandys, and it thought likely that Sandys grew up at Rottington. However, his place of education is not recorded, though it is known that the Marian martyr John Bland was the schoolmaster of Sandys. Edwin Sandys kept one step behind Edmund Grindal in his subsequent career, succeeding him as bishop of London, and then archbishop of York.
He went up to St John's, Cambridge graduating BA in 1539 and then a Doctor fo Divinity ten years later. In 1547 he was elected minister of Catharine Hall and by the death of Edward VI in 1553 he was Vice Chancellor of the University..
On the death of King Edward, the Duke of Northumberland sought to avoid a Roman Catholic monarchy by illegally placing Landy Jane Grey on the throne. He and his followers arrived in Cambridge to raise an army in East Anglia and demanded that Edwin Sandys preach a sermon. When the rebellion failed and Mary Tudor took the throne, Edwin was arrested and taken to the Tower of London. For this he is mentioned in "Foxe's Booke of Martyers". Later he was moved to more comfortable conditions in Marchalsea prison where he made friends with the prison keeper who connived at his escape.
He went first to Antwerep and then Augsberg and Strasbourg where his wife joined him. His wife and infant son died there of a plague. He then lived in Zurich until the ascendancy of Elizabeth I made it safe for him to return to England; on the day of Elizabeth's coronation. On 19 February 1560 he married Cicely Wilford, sister of James Wilford.
On his return he became successively Bishop of Worcester, Bishop of London and Archbishop of York. He helped in the translation of a new version of the bible Bishop' Bible. Sandys own person copy may be seen in the Hawhshead Grammar School Museum.
Along with other Marian exiles, who returned to positions of wealth and importance, Archbishop Sandys was concerned that true religion and sound learning would forever flourish in the land. They saw the necessity of education for religion's sake and the need for the Church of England to hold their own in discussion with Rome Catholics. To these ends Edwin Sandys founded Hawkshead Grammer School in 1585 and endowed it with sufficient land and property for it to offer a free education.
His eldest son, Sir Samuel Sandys of Ombersley in Worcestershire, was ancestor of the Lords Sandys of Ombersley. His second son, Sir Edwin Sandy, was one of the colonial organizer and treasure of the New World colony of Virgina.
Edwin Sandys descendants number in the thousands today. Some of his notable descendants include:
Sir Samuel Sandys of Ombersley; Sir Edwin Sandys; George Sandys; Samuel Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys (1695-1770); Edwin Sandys, 2nd Baron Sandys (1726-1797); Mary Hill, Marchioness of Downshire, 1st Baroness Sandys (1774-1836); Arthur Moyses William Hill, 2nd Baron Sandys (1793-1860); (Arthur) Marcus Cecil Sandys, 3rd Baron Sandys; Richard Michael Oliver Hill, 7th Baron Sandys (b. 1931); U.S. President James Madison; Right Reverend Dr. James Madison; U.S. President Zachary Taylor; Richard Taylor; Richard Lovelace; Francis Lovelace; Thomas Todd; Mary Todd Lincoln; Robert Todd Lincoln; Mary Todd Lincoln; Abraham Lincoln II; Jessie Harlan Lincoln; Sir Archer Croft, 2nd Baronet (1686-1753); Sir John Croft, 4th Baronet (c. 1735-1797); Sir Herbert Croft, 5th Baronet (1751-1816); Dr. Sir Richard Croft, 5th Baronet (1762-1818); and Henry Page Croft, 1st Baron Croft.
Cicely Wilford Sandys (1534 - 1610)*
Samuel Sandys (1560 - 1623)*
Edwin Sandys (1561 - 1623)*
George Sandys (1576 - 1643)*
Southwell Minster Churchyard
Newark and Sherwood District
Created by: Imagraver
Record added: Dec 14, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 62917992