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Margaret Ada Adam Henderson
Birth: Aug. 12, 1816
Hamilton
South Lanarkshire, Scotland
Death: Aug. 12, 1900
San Bernardino
San Bernardino County
California, USA

Margaret's great grandfather was James Adam, b. in 1723.

Margaret Ada/McDonald Adam's parents were:
William Thom Adam &
Isabel(Laird) Adam
(although another source says that her parents were William McDonald Adam, a highlander and Isabel (Glen) Adam, a lowlander.

Margaret Adam was born on Aug. 12, 1816 in Calder Braes, Lanarkshire County, Scotland.

Margaret's sisters were:
1. Isabel Adam (Mrs. Robert Grant)
2. Katherine Adam (Mrs. Patrick)
3. Agnes Adam (Mrs. John/James Easton)
4. Jemma Adam (Mrs. George Easton).

Margaret's brothers were:
1. Charles (Dr. Charles Adam) who owned an apothecary shop in Airdrie, North Lanarkshire, Scotland and remained in Scotland)
2. William Adam
3. Alexander 'Aleck' Adam.
Neither her brother, Charles nor her sister, Mrs. Patrick, ever went to America.

On June 23, 1833, at the age of 17, Margaret Adam and David Henderson were married in Old Monkland, Lanarkshire, Scotland, according to Scotland Select Marriages for 1561-1910 (Film #1066602).

At the time of their marriage, David was working at the Calder Iron Works as a collier (miner). He was injured in a fall of slate in a quarry. It is said that he never fully recovered from this injury. He also worked as a grocer.
Some time in the 1840's, David and his family came into contact with the Church of the Latter Day Saints. The Mormon Church provided money for the purpose of immigrating followers of the church to the 'Land of Saints', the new home of the Mormons in Salt Lake City. Three families, connected by marriage, immigrated to America together; the Henderson, the Adam and Easton families. The reasons why David and Margaret decided to leave Scotland are probably many. This was a period of famine in Scotland and Ireland. As highlanders, they were not allowed to practice any of the Highland customs. Work and life was very hard as miners in almost slave-like conditions. It is not hard to imagine that the Henderson family wanted freedom, free land of their own in a 'God given climate' and the ability to practice their customs and religion.

They began their journey in Glasgow, sailing to Liverpool, England. From there, they boarded the ship North America for their eight week voyage to America. Immigration records show that David and Margaret sailed from Liverpool with six of their children; William, age 14; Margaret, 12; David Jr., 7; Jeannette, 5; Mary, 2; Charles, age 3 months.
The eldest daughter, Isabella, stayed in Scotland, joining them when her grandfather sailed the following year. The ship crossed the Atlantic to the south of the Florida Peninsula into the Gulf of Mexico. Rough weather and seas, a shortage of water, typhoid and cholera made the journey a hard one according to the ship's log. Forty-three persons died en route and were buried at sea.
Landing was made in New Orleans in November of 1848 where they then traveled up the Mississippi into St. Louis. The family was to live in St. Louis for a year so that money could be saved for provisions, a wagon and a team of oxen for the trip west. It was during this time, most likely between June and September of 1849 that David Henderson died from heat stroke (or possibly cholera) while working in the coal mines near St. Louis. He was buried in St. Louis in an area known at the time as Dogtown. He left Margaret a widow at the age of 34 with 6 children to care for.

By the time David Henderson died in 1849,
Margaret and David Henderson had seven children:
1) William McDonald, b. 1834, d. Sept. 11, 1904 (marr. Mary M. Winn)
2) Isabel/la Henderson, b. March 1/10, 1835, d. Aug. 4, 1890 (marr. William Nish)
3) Margaret Victoria b. July 26, 1837/8 - d. Sept. 6, 1921 (marr. Charles J. Mogeau and after his death, Henry C. Yager)
4) David Glen, b.March 28, 1842, d. July 19, 1926 (marr. Matilda Caroline Hawker.
5) Jeannette Adam, b. June 7, 1844, d. Dec. 8, 1936 (marr. Thomas 'Tom' B. Walkinshaw, and later, William Brown Roberts of Corona, Ca.)
6) Mary A., b. May 27/31, 1848, d. May 24, 1904 (marr. William Roberts Levick and then Thomas H. 'Tom' Ashcroft of Corona, Ca.)
7) Charles Henderson, who died as an infant.

This was just the beginning of hard times for Margaret. The area of St. Louis was in the grip of a major cholera epidemic. Her sister, Agnes (Adam) Easton, was so sick with cholera, that she was on her deathbed and burial arrangements were being made. Margaret nursed her back to health while caring for her own six children, as well as Agnes Easton's five children in St. Louis. (They were living next door to each other in the 1850 census and David is not listed.)

Another of Margaret's sisters, Isobel and Isabelle's husband Robert J. W. Grant died June 24, 1849 during the cholera epidemic. Eight of their nine children also died from cholera while in St. Louis. The lone surviving child, 10 year old Johnny Grant, was taken in and raised by Margaret Adam Henderson and her sister, Agnes Easton.

More of the Henderson/Adam/Easton clans would follow in 1850, joining Margaret in St. Louis, Missouri.

In the Oct. 24, 1850 U.S. census, 34 yr. old widow, Margaret Henderson, b. in England (Scotland), was living in the South Half of St Louis, St Louis, MO. with her
13 yr. old daughter, Margaret Henderson, b. in England (Scotland)
8 yr. old son, David Henderson, b. in England (Scotland),
5 yr. old daughter, Jeannette Henderson, b. in England (Scotland)
3 yr. old daughter, Mary Henderson, b. in England (Scotland)
Living next door were Margaret's 27 yr. old sister, Agnes (Adam) Easton, Agnes' 27 yr. old husband, James Easton and their 2 yr. old daughter, Margaret Easton.

When Margaret's husband, David Henderson, died in St. Louis, it was the Mormon custom that no woman of age remain unmarried. Margaret Adam Henderson became the second or plural wife of John/James Easton, who was the husband of her sister, Agnes. This was most likely preferable to having a husband chosen for her by the Mormon Church.
From St. Louis, some of the members of the family made the trip west to Salt Lake City in 1851. The company was then made up of the Hendersons, Burdics, Keirs, Eastons, Adam's grandfather Adam's wife Margaret Thompson, Levick, Wm. Nish, John Thompson - killed en route by Indians, and John Thompson's brother. They went up the Platte River, ferried across and went on alone, reaching Salt Lake in November.
In the spring of 1853, some of them went to open coal mines and established Cedar City, Iron Co., Utah. The families worked, were thrifty, the boys worked building a sawmill, but they resented the heavy hand of the church. In Sept. of 1852/3, a train consisting of fifteen or sixteen wagons was made up at Cedar City to come overland to California, following the route of the Keir train. The family located in San Bernardino, in Southern California.

John/James Easton and his wife, Agnes, moved on to Oregon. Margaret stayed behind in San Bernardino with her six children from David and young John Alexander, her son, fathered by John/James Easton.
John Alexander (Easton) Henderson was b. May 29, 1856 in San Bernardino, San Bernardino Co., CA. and d. Mar. 28, 1938 in San Bernardino, San Bernardino Co., CA.
Margaret left the Mormon Church, which did not seem to suit her, and resumed using the name of Henderson. John eventually adopted the Henderson name. (Another family historian states that she never relinquished the name Henderson and when their son was born, John carried the surname Henderson.) In time, John became the 7th Mayor of San Bernardino. John married Asenia Ferrel Wilson.

Margaret Helena 'Peg' Levinson tells about a time when a small pox epidemic hit San Bernardino. She talks of a time when Margaret Adam Henderson had read quite extensively and knew there was a system called Vaccination and knew the principle of it. She found a milk cow that was infected. It is said that she found the pox and cut the pox from the udders of the cow. With the infected pus and a pen knife, she vaccinated the family and everyone else who chose to participate. They all developed a scar about an inch in diameter but none of them caught the smallpox. Margaret lived on a 40 acre ranch on the bench just north of Rialto Ave., overlooking Lytle Creek. It is said that she was crippled with arthritis in her later years.
Margaret was very much the matriarch of the modern Henderson family and one of the founding pioneers of the San Bernardino Valley. Her name is listed on a plaque in front of the San Bernardino Courthouse. Margaret's descendants settled the San Bernardino Valley and became mayors, firefighters, police officers and leaders in the community.
*Note: The portrait of Margaret Henderson as an older woman comes from the California Heritage Room of the San Bernardino City Library.

In the 1860 U.S. census, 43 yr. old Margaret Henderson, b. in Scotland, was living in San Salvador Twp., (Post office: San Bernardino), San Bernardino, CA. with her
18 yr. old son, David Henderson, b. in Scotland
16 yr. old daughter, Jennett Henderson, b. in Scotland
13 yr. old daughter, Mary Henderson, b. in Scotland
4 yr. old son, John (Alexander) Henderson, b. in CA. <-- by 2nd husband, James Easton when she was briefly a plural wife.

In the 1880 U.S. census, 63 yr. old widow, Margaret Henderson, conducting a farm, b. in Scotland, was living in San Bernardino, San Bernardino, CA. with her
14 yr. old grandson, Alex Henderson, b. in CA.
Margaret's parents were both b. in Scotland
Alex's father was b. in Scotland and his mother in Australia. **Alex's parents were David Glenn Henderson and Matilda (Hawker) Henderson.

The San Bernardino Daily Sun (San Bernardino, CA.), P. 5
Tue., Aug. 14, 1900
PASSING OF A PIONEER WOMAN
Mrs. Margaret Henderson, mother of Marshall John A. Henderson, and one of the noble pioneer women of the valley, died at the residence of her son, Sunday, after a lingering illness, that had caused her untold suffering, and made her a burden to herself for many months.
Mrs. Henderson died at the advanced age of 84 years. She was a native of Lanarkshire, Scotland, where she was born in 1816. In 1835, when she was 19 years old, she was married to David Henderson, and they lived for 15 years in Scotland, after they were married. In 1850 they decided to come to America, and they located at St. Louis, but three years later determined to cross the continent to California, and with ox teams they set out, arriving in San Bernardino safely in 1853, and for 47 years it has been Mrs. Henderson’s home. Her husband died years ago, and recently she has made her home with her children.
Mrs. Henderson was the mother of seven children, and lived to see the fourth generation of her family, she having several great-grandchildren. Of her own, Mrs. Wm. Wish is dead, and six survive her. They are: Mrs. Margaret Yager, Mrs. Wm. Reberds, Mrs. Thos. Ashcroft of Corona, Wm. McD. Henderson of Rialto, D.G. Henderson of Etiwanda, and John A. Henderson.
Very few of the pioneer settlers were better known or more highly regarded than Mrs. Henderson. When they first arrived in the valley in 1853, they settled below what is the Raynor place. Subsequently they settled to the East of the city and made their home there for many years.
The funeral will be held this afternoon at 2 o’clock from the residence of Mrs. Yager, on the bench, just west of Lyle creek on Fourth street. Four of the grandchildren, Mrs. Margaret Levinson, Miss Belle Mogeau, and Miss Gertrude and Miss Winifred Yager, are in Portland, and it is possible that some of them may arrive for the funeral, although the telegrams as to their coming have not been entirely definite.

The Weekly Sun (San Bernardino, CA.), P. 5, Aug. 17, 1900
The funeral of Mrs. Margaret Henderson, the octogenarian and pioneer resident of this valley, who died at the residence of her son, Marshal J.A. (John Alexander) Henderson, was held from the residence of her daughter, Mrs.Margaret Yager, on West Fourth street yesterday afternoon and was attended by an immense concourse of people.
The services were conducted by Rev. Mark B. Shaw of this city, and in his remarks he called attention to the fact that Mrs. Henderson died on her 84th birthday, she having been born at Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland, August 12, 1816.
She was the mother of 11 children, and had 39 grand-children, 62 great-grandchildren and one great-great-grandchild, there being more than 100 souls in the five generations of her family.

Cause of Death: Paralysis
 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  David Henderson (1811 - 1849)
 
 Children:
  William McDonald Henderson (1833 - 1904)*
  Isabella Henderson Nish (1835 - 1890)*
  Margaret Victoria Henderson Yager (1837 - 1921)*
  David Glenn Henderson (1842 - 1926)*
  Jeannette Henderson Roberds (1844 - 1936)*
  Mary Adam Henderson Ashcroft (1848 - 1904)*
  John Alexander Henderson (1856 - 1938)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Inscription:
Sacred to the memory of our beloved mother.
 
Burial:
Pioneer Memorial Cemetery
San Bernardino
San Bernardino County
California, USA
 
Maintained by: Chloé
Originally Created by: Barbara LeClaire
Record added: Aug 12, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 28964042
Margaret Ada <i>Adam</i> Henderson
Added by: Chloé
 
Margaret Ada <i>Adam</i> Henderson
Added by: Chloé
 
Margaret Ada <i>Adam</i> Henderson
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"Gus am bris an là, agus an teich na sgàilean" (from the Song of Solomon and translates to: "Till the day breaks and the shadows flee away").
- Chloé
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- Chloé
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