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Pvt John Adams
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Birth: 1831
Henderson County
Illinois, USA
Death: May 7, 1898
Illinois, USA

Private JOHN ADAMS, Co. I, 86th Illinois

John Adams was born on __________ __, 18__ (c. 1831) at __________, Illinois in Henderson County, possibly the son of Jacob Adams and Harriet (__________) Adams. This Adams family is found residing in Peoria County at the time of the 1850 census;
2805 Adams Jacob 50 Laborer 150 Pa
2805 Adams Harriet 40 NY
2805 Adams John 19 Laborer Ill
2805 Adams Mary E. 15 Ill
2805 Adams Emma 7 Ill
2805 Adams Melissa 4 Ill

John Adams was married to Matilda Glasford on March 4, 1855 in Peoria County. Matilda was born on __________ __, 18__ (c. 1835/36) in ___________, Ohio, the daughter of George W. Glasford and Elizabeth (Fuller) Glasford. Two of her brothers were John and George Glasford.

At the time of the 1860 census, John, Matilda and their children are found residing in Timber Township in Peoria County;
2661 Adams John 28 laborer 50 IL
2661 Adams Matilda 24 OH
2661 Adams James 6 IL
2661 Adams Emma 4 IL
2661 Adams Harriet 2 IL

On August 11, 1862, John Adams volunteered to serve in a company which was being raised in the Lancaster, Illinois/Timber-Hollis Township area of Peoria County by a well known business man and Lancaster area merchant, Allen L. Fahnestock.

Rank PVT Company I Unit 86 IL US INF

Personal Characteristics
Residence LANCASTER, PEORIA CO, IL Age 31 Height 5' 8 Hair DARK
Eyes BLUE Complexion SANDY Marital Status MARRIED Occupation MINER

Service Record
Joined When AUG 11, 1862 Joined Where LANCASTER, IL
Joined By Whom A L FAHNESTOCK Period 3 YRS
Muster In AUG 27, 1862 Muster In Where PEORIA, IL
Muster In By Whom N/A Muster Out JUN 6, 1865
Muster Out Where WASHINGTON, DC Muster Out By Whom LT SCROGGS
Remarks N/A

When Fahnestock had about 100 volunteers he led his company into Peoria, where they went into camp at Camp Lyon, near present day Glen Oak Park. Fahnestock was elected Captain of the men of the Timber Township company and on August 27, 1862, Fahnestock, and 96 of the other Timber Township volunteers, including now Private John Adams, were mustered in as Company I of the 86th Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
The men of the 85th & 86th Illinois marched out of the gates of Camp Lyon on September 7, 1862, with much fanfare, through the streets of Peoria down to the railroad depot, where they boarded a train bound for Camp Joe Holt in Jeffersonville, Indiana, across the river from Louisville. Three weeks later the men of the 85th & 86th were in the field in Kentucky as part of Colonel Daniel McCook's Brigade chasing Confederate troops. On October 8, 1862, the men of McCook's Brigade were engaged with those Confederate troops during the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, suffering their first casualties. There would be many more in the next few years.
After the Battle of Perryville, the Confederate forces withdrew from Kentucky, while the men of McCook's Brigade marched on to Nashville, Tennessee, where they went into winter camp. During the next three years, Private John Adams would serve faithfully in Co. I as the men of McCook's Brigade served in Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina and North Carolina. During this time, John was witness to and a participant in numerous battles and skirmishes, some of the bloodiest fighting in the Western Theatre of the war, including the Battles of Chickamauga, Georgia; Resaca, Georgia; Rome, Georgia; Peach Tree Creek, Georgia; Jonesboro, Georgia, Averysboro, North Carolina; and Bentonville, North Carolina, just to name a few. He also participated in General William Tecumseh Sherman's famous, or infamous, "March to the Sea".
In December of 1863, back in Peoria County, John's brother-in-laws, John and George Glasford, volunteered to serve as Recruits for Co. I. In January of 1864, John and George Glasford joined their brother-in-law, John Adams, while the men of the 86th and McCook's were encamped in their winter quarters at McAfee's Church on the south edge of the Chickamauga Battlefield about six miles from Chattanooga. John Adams and his two brother-in-laws, John and George Glasford, would serve the remainder of the war together participating in the Atlanta Campaign, the March to the Sea and the Carolina Campaign of 1865.
After the war came to a close, the men of McCook's Brigade marched on to Washington City (now D.C.) where they marched down Pennsylvania Avenue on the 2nd day of the Grand Review in May of 1865. On June 6, 1865, Private John Adams was mustered out of the service along with the rest of the surviving members of the 86th at Washington, D.C. Shortly after that, the surviving members of the 86th boarded trains bound for Chicago, Illinois, where they received their final pay and were discharged from the service. Soon after that the surviving members of the 86th Illinois were back home with their families in Central Illinois.

At the time of the 1870 census, John, Matilda and the children are found residing in the 4th Ward in the City of Peoria, Illinois;
092 Addams John W. 45 fires stationary engine Illinois
092 Addams Matilda C.37 keeping house Ohio
092 Addams Emma J. 14 at school Illinois
092 Addams Harriette 12 at school Illinois
092 Addams George 10 at school Illinois
092 Addams Wilber W. 4 Illinois
092 Addams Frank 1 Illinois

Matilda (Glasford) Adams died in the 1870's. Her earthly remains were laid to rest in the _____________ Cemetery in Peoria County. At the time of the 1880 census, John Adams is found with his children, Widowed, and employed as a Beer Runner. He states his parents were both born in Pennsylvania.
John ADAMS, Self Gender: Male Birth: c. 1834/35 IL
Emma ADAMS, Dau Gender: Female Birth: c. 1857/58 IL
George ADAMS, Son Gender: Male Birth: c. 1860/61 IL
Wilbur ADAMS, Son Gender: Male Birth: c. 1865/66 IL
Frank ADAMS, Son Gender: Male Birth: c. 1868/69 IL

John Adams was admitted to the Illinois Soldiers and Sailors Home in Quincy, Illinois on September 15, 1888. He may very well have resided there the rest of his lofe. He died on May 7, 1898. His mortal remains were laid to rest in the Sunset Cemetery in Quincy, Illinois.

by Baxter B. Fite III

(Baxter would love to hear from anyone, especially descendants of the Adams family, who might be able to add to the biographical material that we have on Private John Adams and the Adams family. Baxter would also love to see copies of any photographs of Private John Adams that may have survived the years, especially any showing him in uniform from his days in the service, added to his Find A Grave site for all to see.)

Sunset Cemetery
Adams County
Illinois, USA
Plot: Division 2, Section Q, Row 9
Created by: Baxter B. Fite III
Record added: Aug 20, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 75192356
Pvt John Adams
Added by: Edward Huston
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.

Rest in Peace!
- Lois
 Added: Feb. 17, 2013

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