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 • Kimble County
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Stephen "Steve" Caviness
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Birth: Feb. 28, 1841
Benton County
Arkansas, USA
Death: Apr. 13, 1870
Kimble County
Texas, USA

Stephen never married and served as a Confederate soldier.
Stephen joined the Texas State Troops stationed at Camp San Saba to protect the frontier from Indian raids and served as a Private under the command of Captain N.D. McMillan in Company E of the Frontier Regiment.

Stephen has a historical marker in his honor.
source: State of Texas, historical board.

"We your Landmarks committee, suggest and recommend this marker be placed on Ranch Road 2291--East side near Bear Creek (Viejo) Cemetery, being ten and one-tenths miles Northwest from the Courthouse in Junction, Texas.

On February 15, 1870, Colonel Mackenzie posted a reward with Judge David Sheets at Mason for the arrest of Stephen Cavaness, Peter Crane, George E. Harvey and Charles Owens, who had been reported and charged with helping Humpy Jackson kill his army guards.

On April 12, 1870, Capt. Henry Carroll along with Lt. John L. Bullis was ordered into the country in search of these men. They proceeded to travel from Fort McKavett down Copperas Creek to the North Llano where they went into camp. Lt. Bullis, with a scout of nine soldiers, passed up Bear Creek to a field of Rance Moore's where Stephen Cavaness was located and killed. It is reported they buried him in the field, took his horse, saddle, spurs and guns back to Capt. Carroll. His grave is marked in cemetery near this marker and is enclosed with a rock fence."
article: "A Bad Time in Kimble County"
source: The Junction Eagle, Hunters & Visitors Guide 2002, Wednesday, October 30, 2002, p. 38

"From all accounts, Stephen Cavaness was an outgoing individual and had many friends in this part of Texas.

One mention of Cavaness' service related he was among the scouts who engaged in an Indian fight on April 2, 1862. This incident, no doubt, stemmed from the tragic massacre of Henry and Nancy Dorsey Parks and their grandson in the Little Saline community near the county lines of Kimble and Menard.

Steve, as his family and acquaintances called him, had been mustered into the service to replace one Marion Black. A son of Robert and Mary HAMBY Cavaness, Steve was born the last day of February, 1841, in Benton County, Arkansas, but moved at an early age with is family to central Texas.

One of his friends in neighboring Menard County was John Monroe "Humpy" Jackson, who had killed a black soldier from Fort McKavett. Still enraged by the treatment of his South land during the War Between the States, Jackson was livid when he learned one of the buffalo soldiers from McKavett had written a love letter to one of the Jackson daughters.

The ensuing killing of the black soldier and some of his compatriots was the end result of the letter-writing incident. It was necessary for Jackson to go into hiding, where he was befriended by several persons, including Steve Cavaness and George Gentry. Colonel Ranald Mackenzie, commander of the fort at McKavett, posted rewards and was adamant in his pursuit to capture "Humpy" and his allies.

It may be well to interject that Mackenzie was over-zealous in his military activities and was destined to be completely insane by the time of his death at age 29.

By April 12, 1870, a search was under way for everyone associated with Jackson. The enraged Col. Mackenzie dispatched Lt. John Bullis and a guide, along with nine buffalo soldiers, to scout the countryside in the vicinity of Viejo (now Bear) Creek. the soldiers caught sight of Stephen Cavaness, who had arrived at the Rance Moore settlement to see friends before leaving for parts unknown until "everything blew over." On that particular spring day, the soldiers failed to apprehend their "quary."

Next morning, Bullis was again dispatched to Viejo Creek with orders to lie in wait. Sure enough, Cavaness returned to the field and walked out to see the neighborhood men at work. The nine soldiers, from ambush, assassinated Stephen Cavaness, reportedly shooting him in the back.

To add to the unfairness of the situation, the soldiers took Steve's horse, saddle, bridle, spurs, and a pair of Colt revolvers.

History relates the men of the Moore settlement buried the body in the field where Cavaness was killed. His was the first grave in the present-day Bear Creek Cemetery."
Family links: 
  Robert Caviness (1822 - 1902)
  Mary Caviness (1822 - 1892)
  Stephen Caviness (1841 - 1870)
  William Henry Caviness (1842 - 1865)*
  Nancy Ann Gentry Caviness Hinds (1844 - 1893)*
  James Newton Caviness (1848 - 1942)*
  Jasper Nuation Cavness (1848 - 1907)*
  Mary G. Cavness Gamel (1850 - 1918)*
  Fannie Ann Caviness Gentry (1855 - 1936)*
  Helen Louise Denzia Caviness Bolt (1858 - 1902)*
  Alice Victoria Caviness Doyal (1860 - 1943)*
  Edward Wallace Cavness (1863 - 1947)*
*Calculated relationship
Bear Creek Cemetery
Kimble County
Texas, USA
Maintained by: Connie WEEAKS Pace
Originally Created by: Sewslo
Record added: May 06, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial# 14196550
Stephen Steve Caviness
Added by: Connie WEEAKS Pace
Stephen Steve Caviness
Added by: GoneToTexas
Stephen Steve Caviness
Added by: Sewslo
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- GoneToTexas
 Added: May. 23, 2010

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