|Death: ||Dec. 18, 1877|
John, along with his brothers, Joseph and Robert, was enlisted as a private on 26 Sept, 1861 at Sanders Creek, Lamar County in Company E, 9th Texas Infantry, under the command of then Col. Samuel Bell Maxey. He reported for duty on October 1, 1861 for 3 years or the duration of the war. When his brother Robert was killed by accidental gunfire on January 8, 1862, he was granted leave so that he and his brother Joseph could take the body home for burial.
The 9th saw its first combat in April at the Battle of Shiloh but John's Co. E was chosen to stay in reserve. In October, the 9th fought at Perryville, Kentucky. Then on Dec. 10, of 1862, John was transferred to Company C of Burnet's Battalion of Texas Sharp Shooters. This unit was later reassigned to the 9th Texas Infantry and sent to Mississippi where they participated in the Vicksburg operations.
On February 24, 1863, Burnet's Sharpshooters helped to sink the Federal ironclad, Indianola, and they were prominent in the battle of Milliken's Bend on June 7, 1863. After the Confederate Army lost control of the Mississippi river, Burnet and the First Sharpshooters re-crossed the Mississippi in December of 1863, in small boats that managed to evade the Union patrols and made their way north to Arkansas. They were mounted in the spring of 1864 and served out the war in the Indian Territories, where they participated in several actions.
John C. at the time of his transfer to Burnet's Sharpshooters, was appointed to the non commissioned officer's staff as the "principal musician" for the Sharpshooters. Since the most important instrument of the military musicians was the bugle, we assume this is what he played.
Music assumed a great importance in the Civil War. Buglers had to learn forty-nine separate calls just for infantry, with more needed for cavalry. These ranged from battle commands to calls for meal time. It was said that music was the equivalent of "a thousand men" on one's side and more music was composed for the Civil War than any other American conflict.
After the war John was the only one of his brothers to return to Lamar County where he lived on the family ranch. He married Mary Morrison on 24 May 1866, and had two children, George S. and Maggie F. All are buried in the Littlejohn Cemetery outside of Chicota.
Joseph Baker (1798 - 1862)
Mary Morrison Baker (1840 - 1901)
George S Baker (1871 - 1899)*
Maggie F Baker (1877 - 1880)*
Henry Perry Baker (1822 - 1877)*
Joseph Lafayette Baker (1840 - 1901)*
Robert Perry Baker (1841 - 1861)*
John Calhoun Baker (1843 - 1877)
Maintained by: Jan
Originally Created by: Carole Curry
Record added: Jul 24, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial# 15033371