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Corp James Clayton Cox
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Birth: Apr. 12, 1830
Mecklenburg County
Virginia, USA
Death: Jul. 5, 1903
Upper Alton
Madison County
Illinois, USA

4th of seven children born to Wilson COX and Martha MALLETT

Death: at age 73

Married: 6 October 1852 to Mary Ann NICHOLSON in Danville, Boyle Co., Kentucky

Eight Children:

1. Tignal Franklin (Frank) COX

2. Fanny Alice COX

3. Clark Alonzo COX

4. Ona Etta COX

5. Artella Eva COX

6. Eugene COX

7. Jesse Claude COX

8. Ludelle COX


James Clayton Cox & Mary Ann Nicholson Biography

James Clayton Cox Civil War Service

Click here for more details on the Cox-Nicholson family.


from the Alton Telegraph
Alton, Illinois
6 July 1903


Veteran of Civil War, James C. Cox, Dies in Upper Alton

James C. Cox, one of the best known and respected old residents of Upper Alton died Sunday morning at 3 o'clock at his home after an illness of about one year's duration. Mr. Cox had been afflicted with Bright's disease and heart trouble for several years but had not been disabled. The past three of four months his health declined rapidly and about one week ago he told his family that he would be dead in ten days. Mr. Cox passed into the great beyond without suffering pain and his large family of children at his [unreadable] and breathed his last while sleeping.

James C. Cox was born in Mecklenburg county, Virginia on April 12, 1830. He was in his 74th year at the time of his death. In October 1852 he was married to Mary A. Nicholson and last October he and his wife celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. When the Civil War broke out Mr. and Mrs. Cox were living in Kentucky and were diven away from their property there because of Mr. Cox's Union [unreadable], when he came to Illinois, stopping at Virden. While there Mr. Cox enlisted in the army and served during the war with Company "G," 122nd Illinois Volunteers. After the war Mr. Cox resided at Virden until nineteen years ago, he moved his family to Upper Alton and has since resided there. Mr. Cox was a man of excellent character, respected by all. His family are sorely afflicted by the loss of a kind father and husband. Beside his widow he leaves seven children, all of whom are married. They are Frank, Clark and Eugene Cox, of Chicago, and Mrs. W. T. Cathcart, or Upper Alton; Mrs. W. F. Sinks, of Golconda, Ill; Mrs. W. G. Boman, of Chicago, and Mrs. Harold G. Powell, of Salt Lake City, Utah. All the children have arrived here except Mrs. Powell and she will arrive tomorrow morning.

The funeral will take place at 3 o'clock Tuesday afternoon. Services will be conducted at the home and will be public. Interment will be at Oakwood cemetery and will be private. The Alton Post of the G. A. R. [Grand Army of the Republic] will attend the funeral and pall bearers will be selected from the post.


Civil War Service

James Clayton Cox enlisted as a Corporal in the War between the States on 15 August 1862 on the Union side, serving the state of Illinois. On 4 September 1862 he was mustered in to Company G, Illinois Volunteer Regulars, 122nd Infantry Regiment, stationed at Carlinville, Illinois under Captain Cowan and Gen. John I. Rinaker.

On December 19, 1862 during the Battle of Jackson in Tennessee, Jim was captured by the Confederates. In accordance with the Dix–Hill Cartel he was paroled on December 20, 1862 and sent to the Benton Barracks near St. Louis, Missouri, arriving two months later on February 26, 1863. According to family stories, Jim was shot through the chin, leaving a hole so large he was forced to wear a beard ever after.

On March 17, 1864, Jim was detailed on special duty as Superintendent of the Barracks in Cairo, Illinois where he served for at least six months.

In February 1865, the 122nd Illinois Infantry headed to New Orleans and from there went by steamer to Mobile Bay, Alabama where they participated in the Siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely, from March 26 to April 8. Then they fought in the Battle of Fort Blakely on April 9.

Family lore says that while on a burning transport ship between New Orleans and Mobile Bay, Jim was compelled to slide down a rope in order to save his life. This so severely burned the inner parts of his hands that he was never able to open them more than part way. Jim's war record shows that he was on sick leave at a hospital in Montgomery, Alabama from May 30, 1865 until the Regiment was mustered out on 15 July 1865 at Mobile, Alabama.

Family links: 
  Mary Ann Nicholson Cox (1836 - 1911)*
  Tignal Franklin Cox (1854 - 1940)*
  Fanny Alice Cox Cathcart (1856 - 1934)*
  Clark Alonzo Cox (1861 - 1936)*
  Ona Etta Cox Sinks (1864 - 1923)*
  Artella Eva Cox Boman (1866 - 1923)*
  Eugene Cox (1869 - 1943)*
  LuDelle Cox Powell (1878 - 1977)*
*Calculated relationship
Oakwood Cemetery
Upper Alton
Madison County
Illinois, USA
Created by: iowahillgal
Record added: Dec 14, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 81954546
Corp James Clayton Cox
Added by: iowahillgal
Corp James Clayton Cox
Added by: iowahillgal
Corp James Clayton Cox
Cemetery Photo
Added by: D C McJonathan-Swarm
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.

Jim is my great-great-grandfather on my mother's side.
- iowahillgal
 Added: Feb. 28, 2012

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