|Birth: ||Jun. 17, 1832|
|Death: ||Sep. 6, 1863|
General Thomas Ewing Jr. received a command under General John Schofield in 1863. With his appointment to this position he faced a great challenge.
He would have to deal with the rampant guerrilla action on the Missouri-Kansas border, but also stop fighting between loyal Missourians and Kansas Jayhawkers under James Lane.
On August 21, 1863, guerrilla William Quantrill attacked Lawrence, Kansas, in what became the largest attack on unarmed civilians in U.S. history until September 11, 2001.
Lane and his Jayhawkers demanded retribution and began planning a return attack. General Ewing had already set in motion a plan to deal with guerrilla activity.
He secured agreement from Lane to give his plan a chance to work.
General Order #11
On August 25, 1863, General Ewing issued his controversial General Order No. 11. This order required all residents of Jackson, Cass, Bates, and parts of Vernon counties to vacate them.
Those who were Southern sympathizers had to leave Missouri for the Confederacy, while loyalists could find refuge in Federal military posts or other towns.
Troops then reportedly burned houses, shops, and farm buildings to the ground.
Ewing believed that by clearing these counties he would rid guerrillas of sanctuaries that they had effectively used throughout the war to escape capture.
This drastic measure resulted in suffering for loyal and disloyal alike. Its extreme nature was depicted by George Caleb Bingham in his painting Order Number 11.
However, it had its desired effect. By November 20, 1863, the Missouri-Kansas border was quiet, and Ewing issued Order No. 20, which partially rescinded Order No. 11.
From: "The Civil War in Missouri"
Martha D. Emerson Beard (1831 - 1884)*
Samuel H. Beard
Sept 6, 1863
aged 30 YRS, 11 Ms. 14 Ds.
Pleasant Hill Cemetery
Plot: Plot: 3-68
Maintained by: John Bauer
Originally Created by: Jane Bredehoeft Oerding
Record added: Feb 22, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 18020700
To husband of my first cousin 4x removed.|
Added: Jan. 31, 2012
Added: Feb. 22, 2007