|Birth: ||Nov. 24, 1878|
North Yorkshire, England
|Death: ||Jul. 15, 1939|
City of London
Greater London, England
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Roland Charles Backhouse GCB, GCVO, CMG, (24 November 1878 - 15 July 1939) was an Admiral of the Fleet in the Royal Navy and First Sea Lord of the British Admiralty from 1938 to 1939.
Backhouse was born on 24 November 1878 into a Quaker family in Darlington; his relatives included many churchmen and scholars. He was the fourth son of Sir Jonathan Backhouse, 1st Baronet but he did not inherit the family baronetcy from his father's death in 1918. That passed to his eldest brother Sir Edmund Backhouse, 2nd Baronet, an oriental "scholar" accused of plagiarising his sources. He married Dora Louise Findlay, daughter of John Ritchie Findlay, on 4 June 1907. They had six children.
Career in the Royal Navy
Backhouse joined the training ship Britannia in 1892 and went to sea as a midshipman in 1894.
He held the office of Third Sea Lord of the Admiralty and Controller of the Navy from 1 November 1928 to 1 March 1932. He was Vice-Admiral of the First Battle Squadron, Mediterranean Fleet between 1932 and 1934. He was promoted to the rank of full Admiral on 11th February 1934 and became Commander-in-Chief of the Home Fleet on 20 August 1935 - an appointment he held until 11 April 1938. He also held the office of First and Principal Naval Advisor to H.M. King George VI in 1938. On 17 November 1938 Blackhouse reached the pinnacle of his career when he was appointed First Sea Lord, executive head of the Royal Navy. He remained in this role until 15 June 1939 - a month before his untimely death from a brain tumour.
He was promoted to the rank of Admiral of the Fleet on 29 June 1939 and died just over a fortnight later on 15 July at the age 60.
Admiral Sir Roger Roland Charles Backhouse was invested as a Companion, Order of St. Michael and St. George (C.M.G.) in 1917. He was invested as a Knight Commander, Order of the Bath (K.C.B.) in 1933. He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross, Royal Victorian Order (G.C.V.O.) in 1937. He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath (G.C.B.) in 1938
Jonathan Edmund Backhouse (1849 - 1918)
Dora Louise Findlay Backhouse (1879 - 1958)*
John Edmund Backhouse (1909 - 1944)*
Edmund Trelawny Backhouse (1873 - 1944)*
Roland Charles Backhouse (1874 - 1877)*
Roger Roland Charles Backhouse (1878 - 1939)
Harriet Jane Backhouse Findlay (1880 - 1954)*
St Michael & All Angels Churchyard
North Yorkshire, England
Created by: wertypop
Record added: Nov 24, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 31678914