Memorial erected by the State of Ohio to the Andrews Raiders. In early April, 1862, a band of Union soldiers lead by civilian James Andrews infiltrated south from the Union lines near Shelbyville, Tennessee and met at Big Shanty, Georgia (near Marietta). On the morning of April 12, 1862, 20 of them (2 raiders never arrived and 2 others overslept and missed the adventure) stole the passenger train "The General" during its morning breakfast stop. With the farms and factories of Georgia supplying the Confederate Army fighting further west, the Raiders' mission was to burn the railroad bridges between Atlanta and Chattanooga, thus isolating the Confederate Armies from their supply sources and enabling the Union Army to seize Chattanooga. Due primarily to the persistency of William Fuller, conductor of the stolen train, and, secondarily to the rainy weather and unlucky miscoordination with the Union Army to the west, the Raiders failed. All 22 at Big Shanty that morning were captured. Eight, including James Andrews, were tried and hanged by the Confederate Army in Atlanta. In 1866, after the war, they were reburied in a semi-circle at the Chattanooga National Cemetery. On the imposing granite monument, erected in 1891, are the names of 22 of the raiders. The memorial is topped by a bronze likeness of the "General". The "General" itself is now housed at the museum of the raid, the Kennesaw Civil War Museum at Kennesaw, Georgia (next to the Big Shanty site where the raid began in 1862). The story of the raid was told in several movies, the most recent and best known being "The Great Locomotive Chase" by Disney in 1956. 20 of the 22 military raiders were the first recipients of the new Congressional Medal of Honor in March 1863.
Chattanooga National Cemetery
Plot: Section H
GPS (lat/lon): 33.44807, -84.22138
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Aug 09, 2000
Find A Grave Memorial# 11575
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