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Robert Castlereagh
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Birth: Jun. 18, 1769
County Dublin, Ireland
Death: Aug. 12, 1822
City of London
Greater London, England

Robert Stewart, 2. Marquess of Londonderry and Viscount Castlereagh, Irish and British statesman.
Born in Dublin and educated in Armagh and Cambridge, he became member of the Irish parliament for Down in 1790. Although a Whig, he was an ally of Pitt the Younger, who in 1797 nominated him Lord of the Treasury and member of the Privy Council of Ireland. In 1800, together with Marquess Cornwallis, Castlereagh succeeded in steering the Irish Act of Union through both Parliaments. In 1802 President of the Board of Control, he became Secretary of State for War and the Colonies at the return of Pitt in 1804, in office (with a short interruption) until 1809, when he resigned after a duel affair. Returning as Foreign secretary in 1812, under Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Castlereagh was instrumental in negotiating what has become known as the quadruple alliance between the United Kingdom, Austria, Russia and Prussia at Chaumont in March 1814. He was a protagonist in the negotiation of the Treaty of Paris that brought peace with France, and at the Congress of Vienna.
At Vienna he proposed a form of collective and collaborative security for Europe, then called Congress system. He promoted Russian-Prussian hegemony over Poland as well as Greek independence. Castlereagh was indulgent towards the Holy Alliance. By 1822, the system had collapsed because of irreconciliable antagonism between Britain, Austria and Russia.
At home, Castlereagh became more and more unpopular due to his open attitude to the conservative powers on the continent and his support for repressive measures in England. His mental health deteriorated. In his last meeting with King George IV he complained about blackmail resulting from alleged homosexual relations. Some hours later he died by suicide.

Copyright of the photo depicting his grave belonging to Westminster abbey; thanks to parish staff.

Family links: 
  Robert Stewart (1739 - 1821)
Westminster Abbey
City of Westminster
Greater London, England
Created by: Dieter Birkenmaier
Record added: Jun 30, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 72261111
Robert Castlereagh
Added by: Dieter Birkenmaier
Robert Castlereagh
Added by: Dieter Birkenmaier
Robert Castlereagh
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Iola
Photos may be scaled.
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- Acog
 Added: Jul. 10, 2011

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