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John Fearn Francis
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Birth: 1826, England
Death: Apr. 8, 1864
Louisiana, USA

John Fearn Francis was born John Fearn in England around 1826 and the Fearn family was well-known and respected, having made a name for themselves in the cutlery industry. John Fearn was arrested and later tried on January 4, 1844 and convicted at 19 years of age in York Sheffield, England, supposedly for "receiving stolen goods without knowing they were stolen", but his Tasmanian Van Dieman's Land penal colony records state he was arrested for "stealing money and other articles from a person"; his sentence was 15 years in Van Dieman's Land, a prison penal colony now known as Tasmania, Australia. When he arrived in Australia, he took the name of John Francis, so as not bring disgrace on his family back in England. Records indicate that John worked on Rocky Creek Convict Station, in northern Van Dieman's Land, a base for convicts sent to clear land for the Van Dieman's Land Company. After seven years of service, however, he was given a conditional pardon for good behaviour. In July 1852, John married Ellen Malley, a native of Tasmania, at St. James Old Cathedral in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. After a time he and his wife Ellen (O'Malley) moved from Tasmania, Australia to Louisiana. John enlisted as a private in Thomas' 28th Louisiana Infantry Regiment, Company B, on March 29, 1862, in New Orleans. During his period of service John was a Commissioned Officer with the rank of 2nd Lieutenant. During a siege, 16 men of Thomas' 28th Louisiana Infantry were killed and 57 were wounded; the remainder being captured. They were eventually paroled after their surrender, on July 4, 1863.
The spring of 1864 found John at home in Mansfield, Louisiana when the approach of the Union Army from the south, in the infamous Red River Campaign, brought the war to their front door and brought forth every man in Louisiana that was able to fight, forming ranks during the Battle of Mansfield. Local history relates Francis cared for the wounded of Confederate and Union forces alike as they were brought to the church in town, which had been converted into hospitals. Several colleges, churches and homes in Mansfield became battlefield hospitals. The most severe cases of both sides were taken to the Baptist Church. "At dark on the eve of the tenth, one of the nurses lighted a candle and holding it in one hand attended the patient with the other, but the delirious patient struck down the candle and the light, catching the loose cotton used as bedding, set it on fire, and in a moment the flames filled the building. To save the wounded from death by burning, the men who were in Mansfield rushed in and carrying the patients through the fire or casting them out of the windows saved about 200 soldiers from a horrible death. As the rescuers were about to abandon the work, a young Creole Confederate soldier suffering from slight wounds and a young Union soldier arrived upon the scene and answered the wild calls for help from within. The fatigued rescuers joined them and another dozen of the men were saved from the flames." The Baptist Church was burned to the ground. Several died in the fire, some being the rescuers including John Fearn Francis who was said to have been tending the worst of the wounded; in an attempt to rescue the wounded from the burning building. John died on April 8, 1864 during the period of the Battle of Mansfield, while caring for the military wounded of both armies.
John was buried in the Mansfield City Cemetery, Special Section, which includes 10 unmarked graves of soldiers killed in the Mansfield Battle. After returning to Australia, Ellen met and married Alexander Wannan and John's three children took the name Fearn-Wannan; which their descendants bear to this day.
In March 2007 James Gray, a Confederate descendant himself and a member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, with the American Civil War Roundtable of Queensland, Inc. of which he is a member, enlisted the assistance of Mr. David Hill, Commander of the Lt. General Richard Taylor Camp # 1308 of the Sons of Confederate Veterans of Louisiana, and an official military headstone was acquired from the American Veterans Administration for placement on the gravesite of the Australian hero John Fearn Francis; as he was known at the time of his death.

 
 
Burial:
Mansfield Cemetery
Mansfield
De Soto Parish
Louisiana, USA
 
Created by: James Gray
Record added: Oct 03, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 42641560
John Fearn Francis
Added by: David Hill
 
John Fearn Francis
Added by: David Hill
 
John Fearn Francis
Added by: James Gray
 
 
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- Sarah Quinn
 Added: Oct. 4, 2011
 
 
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