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John of Gaunt
Birth: Mar. 6, 1340
Ghent
Arrondissement Gent
East Flanders (Oost-Vlaanderen), Belgium
Death: Feb. 3, 1399
Leicester
Leicester Unitary Authority
Leicestershire, England

English Royalty. 1st Duke of Lancaster. Born the fourth son of Edward III Plantagenet and Queen Philippa of Hainault, at Ghent (or Gaunt) in Flanders. He was made Earl of Richmond in September 1342. He married Blanche, Countess of Derby in May 1359, with whom he had seven children, including the future Henry IV. After his marriage, he was styled as Earl of Derby and of Leicester. He was appointed Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) in April 1361. He gained the title of Duke of Lancaster in November 1362 . After the death of his wife in 1369, the ambitious Duke married Costanza, the daughter of Pedro I, King of Léon and Castilla in 1372, with whom he had two children. After his marriage, he was styled as King John of Léon and Castilla. He took Katherine Swynford as his mistress about the same time, and with her had four children, who were given the surname Beaufort. He campaigned with his elder brother, Edward of Woodstock, and took part in the conflicts of the Hundred Years War. After the death of his brother in 1376, he was in the ascendancy at court, however, favor coincided with widespread resentment of his influence among the English population. When his father died in 1377, and was succeeded by Edward's 10 year old son, John became the protector of the young king and effectively ruled England during his minority. His decisions on taxation however, culminated in the Peasants' Revolt in 1381. In 1386, he left England in an unsuccessful attempt to claim the Castilian throne. Upon his return to England in 1389, he served as mediator between the king and the Lords Appellant who had been on the brink of violence. In March 1390, Richard II invested John as Duke of Aquitaine. Costanza died at Leicester Castle in March 1394, and John married his mistress, Katherine, in 1396 at Lincoln Cathedral. The couple's children were legitimized by Richard II and the Church, but barred from inheriting the throne. He died at Leicester Castle three years later at the age of fifty-eight, he was buried beside his first wife in the choir of St Paul's Cathedral. (bio by: Iola) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
   Edward III (1312 - 1377)
  Philippa d'Avesnes of Hainault (1311 - 1369)
 
 Spouses:
  Blanche of Lancaster (1345 - 1369)
  Katherine Roet Swynford (1350 - 1403)
  Constance of Castile (1354 - 1394)*
 
 Children:
  Philippa of Lancaster (1360 - 1415)*
  Elizabeth Lancaster (1363 - 1425)*
   Henry IV (1367 - 1413)*
  John de Beaufort (1371 - 1410)*
  Catherine Plantagenet Of Lancaster (1373 - 1418)*
  Henry Beaufort (1374 - 1447)*
  Joan Beaufort Neville (1375 - 1440)*
  Thomas de Beaufort (1377 - 1426)*
 
 Siblings:
  Joan Perrers Skerne (____ - 1431)**
  Edward Plantagenet (1330 - 1376)*
  Isabel Plantagenet de Coucy (1332 - 1379)*
  Joan Plantagenet (1334 - 1348)*
  Prince William Of Hatfield (1337 - 1337)*
  Lionel Plantagenet (1338 - 1368)*
   John of Gaunt (1340 - 1399)
  Edmund of Langley (1341 - 1402)*
  Blanche de la Tour (1342 - 1342)*
  Mary de Waltham (1344 - 1362)*
  Princess Margaret Plantagenet Hastings (1346 - 1361)*
  William de Windsor (1348 - 1348)*
  Prince Thomas Woodstock Plantagenet (1355 - 1397)*
 
*Calculated relationship
**Half-sibling
 
Burial:
Saint Paul's Cathedral
London
City of London
Greater London, England
Plot: Nave
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Danette Percifield Cogsw...
Record added: Jul 16, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 28331470
John of Gaunt
Added by: Juanita Clark
 
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In loving memory of my 20th great grandfather. May you rest in peace until we meet in Heaven. A Texas great granddaughter.
- Carolyn Caldwell
 Added: May. 29, 2017
17th GGF
- David Schram
 Added: May. 29, 2017

- Byron Poitevent
 Added: May. 22, 2017
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