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Lieut John Lawrence Grattan
Birth: Jun. 1, 1830
Topsham Four Corners
Orange County
Vermont, USA
Death: Aug. 17, 1854
Fort Laramie
Goshen County
Wyoming, USA

United States Army Officer. On August 17, 1854, he and 28 of his men were killed by Lakota warriors on the plains near Fort Laramie, Wyoming in an affair that became known as the Grattan Massacre. In later years it was also recognized as the first shots fired in a war that lasted over 36 years with the Cheyenne and Lakota. The death of Grattan and his men originated over the killing of a cow belonging to an Oregon Trail immigrant by a Lakota named High Forehead. The acting commander of Fort Laramie, Lieutenant Hugh Fleming, refused offers of restituation by Chief Conquering Bear. Fleming demanded the arrest of High Forehead, which Conquering Bear was unable to comply with. The next day Fleming ordered Grattan to visit the nearby Lakota campsites and arrest High Forehead. Twenty-nine infantrymen, two artillery pieces and an interpreter accompanied Grattan. Though several chiefs attempted to peacefully resolve the matter, Grattan, a recent West Point graduate with no experience in dealing with Native Americans, remained firm in his demands that High Forehead be turned over. During negotiations the situation escalated and shots were fired, with the soldiers mortally wounding Conquering Bear. Enraged over the attack, the Lakota retaliated. Greatly outnumbered, Grattan was killed almost immediately. His men panicked and attempted to flee. All of the soldiers except one were killed. The survivor, though seriously wounded, was able to return to Fort Laramie with news of the attack. (bio by: Randy) 
To the memory of
Who was killed
in an engagement
with the Sioux Indians near
Fort Laramie, N.T.
August 19, 1854
Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery
Fort Leavenworth
Leavenworth County
Kansas, USA
Plot: Section A, site 290
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Randy
Record added: Jun 27, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial# 14753772
Lieut John Lawrence Grattan
Added by: Jay Lance
Lieut John Lawrence Grattan
Added by: Randy
Lieut John Lawrence Grattan
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Added by: Ed n Edna Lane
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- bob tarte
 Added: Aug. 17, 2015
GOD Bless you and all which do and/or the ones which come here to view too!
- Jonathan Robert De Mallie
 Added: Jun. 28, 2014

- John P. Birosak
 Added: May. 29, 2014
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