|Birth: ||1598, Scotland|
|Death: ||May 27, 1661, Scotland|
Archibald Campbell was the son of Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll and Lady Agnes Douglas.
At the age of 15 on 15 Jan. 1622 he entered St. Andrews University in St. Andrews, File, Scotland. At the age of 18 in 1625 he held the office of Hereditary Justice General of Scotland until 1628.
On 6 Aug 1626 at the age of 19 he married Lady Margaret Douglas. According to historians he fathered 2 sons and 4 daughters. Here is the two sons and 2 of the four daughters:
Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll 1628-1665
Lord Neil Campbell, 1630-1692
Lady Jean Campbell, 1632-1712
Lady Mary Campbell, 1634-1690
Archibald on 12 Jun 1628 was Invested as Privy Counselor. Then on 14 Jan 1634 he held the office of Extraordinary Lord of Session. At the death of his father in 1638 he succeeded to the titles of 8th Earl of Argyll, 8th Lord Lorne, and 9th Lord Campbell.
In 1639 Archibald joined the Covenanters (this group fought for the Presbyterian Religion)at Aberdeen where he sent 500 Highlanders to swell the ranks of men. In 1640 he swept through Atholl, Badenoch, and Angus in a siege called Fire and Sword.
In 1641 he made peace with King Charles I and was Invested as 1st Marquess of Argyll. On 2 February 1644 he was defeated at the battle of Inverlochy and on 15 August 1645 he was again defeated in the battle of Kilsyth. Archibald succeeded to the title of 2nd Lord of Kintyre in September 1645. on 7 July 1646 he was appointed a member of the Assembly of Divines. In October 1648 he renewed the Covenant and conducted Cromwell to Edinburgh, where the Covenant was renewed.
Archibald was present Scone, Perthshire, Scotland at the coronation of King Charles II where he placed the crown on His Majesty's head. In June of 1650 he assisted in briinging King Charles II to Scotland. From 1658-1659 Archibald was a Member of Parliament at Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
In July of 1660 Archibald went to London, England to wait the arrival of King Charles II. King Charles had him arrested and placed in the Tower untio Dec 1660 when Archibald was moved to Edinburgh Castle in Edinburgh, Midlothia, Scotland, where he remained until 25 May 1661. On 25 May 1661 he was tried for High Treason, found guilty, lost all his honours, and sentenced to death. He was beheaded by the 'Scottish Maiden' at the market-cross of Edinburgh Tolbooth Prison, Edinburgh,Midlothia, Scotland. His head was placed on display, in the place where Montrose's head was removed, on a spike at the west end of Tolbooth Prison. Archibalds body was sent to Kilmun, Argyll, Scotland and on 8 June 1661 he was buried at Kilmun Cowal (now Kilmun Parish Church and Cemetery). In 1664 his head was taken down and placed with his body at Kilmun Parish Church and Cemetery.
In 1895 A Monument was erected at St. Giles's Church in Edinburgh, Midlothia, Scotland to Archibald Campbell Chief of Clan Campbell.
The Peerage - thepeerage.com/page10955
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Archibald Gruamach Campbell (1576 - 1638)
Archibald Campbell (1629 - 1685)*
Archibald Campbell (1597 - 1661)*
Archibald Duncan Campbell (1598 - 1661)
Kilmun Parish Church and Cemetery
Argyll and Bute, Scotland
Created by: Sharren Formby
Record added: Nov 30, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 62338469