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Pvt Hugh Roney
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Birth: Oct. 24, 1843, Scotland
Death: Feb. 2, 1904
Peoria County
Illinois, USA

Private HUGH RONEY, Co. K, 86th Illinois

Hugh Roney was born in Lenrickshire, Scotland on October 24, 1843, the son of Peter Roney Sr. and Bridget R. (Crombey or Phillip) Roney. Peter Roney is believed to have been born in Glasgow, Scotland c. 18__, while Bridget Crombey or Phillip was born in Scotland c. 18__.

Their children are believed to include;
1. Catherine Roney, born c. 1825/31/32 in Scotland. It is recorded that Catherine Rooney was married to Robert Smith on November 29, 1852 in Peoria County, Illinois. Robert Smith was born in ____________, Scotland c. 1829.

Their children include;
A. John Smith, born c. 1853/54 in Peoria County, Illinois.

B. Robert Smith Jr., born c. 1855/56 in Peoria County, Illinois.

Robert Smith Sr. died on ____________ __, 1855 in or near Princeville, Peoria County, Illinois and his mortal remains were laid in the Princeville Township Cemetery. At the time of the 1860 census, Catherine, now widowed, is found with her two children in Princeville Township, Peoria County, Illinois. Her father and brother, Hugh, also resided with her;
Catherine Smith F 28 Ireland
John Smith M 6 Ills
Robert Smith M 4 Ills
Peter Booney M 60 Ireland
Hugh Booney M 18 Ireland

Catherine Smith died on ____________ __, 1862 in or near Princeville, Peoria County, Illinois. Her tombstone states that she was born in 1825. Her mortal remains were laid in the Princeville Township Cemetery in Princeville, Peoria County, Illinois. See her Find A Grave Memorial# 130368370.

2. Ellen Roney, born October 20, 1834 in Blanter, Scotland according to her death record found on familysearch. This record states that she was married to Robert C. Murdock. Ellen and Robert Crawford Murdock, who was born on ___________ __, 1828, were married on December 30, 1852 in Peoria County, Illinois.
Their children include;
Isabelle Murdoch Culbertson (1855 - 1935)*
Robert Crawford Murdoch Jr. (1857 - 1926)*
John Roney Murdoch (1859 - 1946)*
Elizabeth Murdoch Marvin (1863 - 1951)*
James Lawrence Murdoch (1865 - 1939)

Robert Crawford Murdoch died on ___________ __, 1912, while, Ellen (Roney) Murdoch died on April 4, 1924 in Bartonville, Peoria County, Illinois and her mortal remains were laid in the Brimfield Township Cemetery in Brimfield, Peoria County, Illinois. See her Find A Grave Memorial# 50143595.

3. Mary Roney, born c. 18__ in Scotland. There is a record of a Mary Rooney being married to a James Piggot on July 22, 1852 in Peoria County, Illinois.

4. Peter R. Roney Jr., who was married to Ann M. Lambert on June 24, 1865 in Peoria County, Illinois.

5. Hugh Roney, born October 24, 1843 in Lenrickshire, Scotland. See his biography below.

The Roneys immigrated to America in 1851, and resided about one year in New York State, coming to Peoria county, Ill., in 1852. The Roneys are found in the 1860 census living in Princeville Township between Green Burgess' family and that of Archibald Smith's family. Archibald and Green were both to join with Hugh and Peter in the Princeville company in 1862. In the typed copy of the 1860 census, the name is spelled Booney. Bridget (Crombey or Phillip) Roney must have died in the 1850's as she is not found with the family in 1860;
Catherine Smith F 28 Ireland
John Smith M 6 Ills
Robert Smith M 4 Ills
Peter Booney M 60 Ireland
Hugh Booney M 18 Ireland

In August of 1862, Hugh and Peter Jr. are both residents of Princeville Township in Peoria County. It was there in Princeville Township that on August 8, 1862 Hugh Roney Volunteered for service in a company that was being raised by a local school teacher by the name of John F. French. The following day, Peter R. Roney Jr. also volunteered.

Rank PVT Company K Unit 86 IL US INF

Personal Characteristics
Residence PRINCEVILLE, PEORIA CO, IL Age 22 Height 5' 10 Hair BLACK
Eyes GRAY Complexion DARK Marital Status SINGLE Occupation FARMER

Service Record
Joined When AUG 8, 1862 Joined Where PRINCEVILLE, IL
Joined By Whom CPT FRENCH Period 3 YRS
Muster In AUG 27, 1862 Muster In Where PEORIA, IL
Muster In By Whom N/A Muster Out N/A
Muster Out Where N/A Muster Out By Whom N/A

After getting about 100 volunteers, John took his company into Peoria, where they went into camp at Camp Lyon, near present day Glen Oak Park. There at Camp Lyon on August 27, 1862, 98 of those recruits were mustered into service as Co. K of the 86th Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry. John French was elected Captain of Co. K.
The men of the 86th Illinois marched out of Camp Lyon on September 7, 1862 through the streets of Peoria down to the railroad depot and the war. During the next two years, Hugh and Peter Jr. served faithfully in the Princeville company. They participated in numerous battles including Perryville, Kentucky; Chickamauga, Georgia; Resaca, Georgia; and Rome, Georgia but it was on June 27, 1864 at Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia that the 86th suffered the most. On that fateful day, the 86th was in the center of McCook's Brigade when it made the assault on Cheatham Hill at a point in the line that became known as the "Dead Angle." The morning of the assualt, the 86th field about 400 men fit for duty to make the assualt. During this 30 minute assualt, over 100 men from the 86th Illinois were either killed, wounded or captured. McCook's Brigade, which field about 2,000 men that morning suffered over 500 casualties in the 30 minute assualt. Eight men from Co. K were among the casualties. Both Hugh and Peter were wounded.
Both Hugh and Peter were to spend many months in Army Hospitals, first in Chattanooga and Nashville and then probably in Springfield, Illinois. Peter was discharged first on January 23, 1865, though it is not certain at this time where he was discharged. Hugh was discharged from the Army Hospital in Springfield, Illinois on May 12, 1865. Both then initially returned to their homes in Princeville.
Hugh Roney was married on April 17, 1868 in Peoria County to Cynthia Pryor, who was born on Oct. 27, 1852 in Ohio.
Eight children were born to Hugh and Cynthia;
1. Ellen E.

2. William

3. Cora V.

4. Sarah U.

5. John F. Roney, born November __, 1876 in Peoria County, Illinois.

6. James C. Roney, born March __, 1879 in Peoria County, Illinois.

7. Annie E. Roney, born December 14, 1881 in Peoria County, Illinois. Anna E Roney was married to Francis M. Cree. Francis was born c. 1859/60 in Illinois.
At least five children are known to have been born to Annie and Francis, including;
A. Francis S. Cree, born c. 1907/08 in Illinois.

B. M. Lucille Cree, born c. 1913/14 in Illinois.

C. Hugh Roney Cree, born c. 1919/20 in Illinois.

D. Leatha D. Cree, born March 15, 1921 in Stark County, Illinois. Letha was married to Coyle Curtiss Lodwick. Letha died on December 1, 2014 in Dandridge, Jefferson County, Tennessee. Her obit follows;
"LEATHA CREE LODWICK, age 93, of Dandridge, Tennessee passed away on Monday, December 1, 2014 at Jefferson County Nursing Home in Dandridge, where she resided for the past three and a half years. Leatha was born March 15, 1921 in Stark County, Illinois to Frances and Anna Roney Cree of Toulon, Ilinois. She married Coyle Curtiss Lodwick in 1940, and had one son, Curtiss Hugh Lodwick. They lived in Toulon, Illinois until they moved to Jefferson City, Tennessee in 1987, to be closer to their son. Leatha is survived by her son, Curtiss Hugh Lodwick (Denise) of Dandridge, Tennessee; grandsons, Jonathan Lodwick (Kelly) of White Pine, Tennessee, and Kenneth Lodwick (Denise Gayle) of Dandridge, Tennessee; great-grandchildren, Alex Korn and Natalie Layman; great-great-granddaughter, Adalynn McDaniel; nieces and nephews, Kris Cox of Virginia, Illinois, Sandra Roberts of Illinois, Michael Cree of Windom, Minnesota, and Harla Tumbleson of Washington State; and dear friends, Marilyn Seckman of Toulon, Illinois, Don Seckman of Edmonds, Washington, Debbie Shane of Wyoming, Illinois, Wanda, her roommate at Jefferson County Nursing Home, and Nellie, her nurse while she lived at Darby House in Jefferson City, Tennessee. In addition to her late husband, Leatha was preceded in death by her parents, Francis and Anna Roney Cree of Toulon, Illinois; brothers, Hugh and Francis Cree of Toulon, Illinois; sisters, Ruth Ellen Tumbleson of Bradford, Illinois, and Lucille Lodwick of Wyoming, Illinois. A private family memorial service will be held at Farrar Funeral Home Chapel in Dandridge, Tennessee on Wednesday, December 3, 2014 at 3:00 p.m. Interment will be at the Hillcrest Cemetery in Dandridge, Tennessee. In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to the Humane Society of Jefferson County, P.O. Box 653, Jefferson City, Tennessee 37760.
Arrangements by Farrar Funeral Home in Dandridge, TN (865) 397-2711"
See Leatha's Find A Grave Memorial# 143227489.

E. Ruth E. Cree, born c. 1925/26 in Illinois.

At the time of the 1930 census, the Crees are found in West Jersey Township, Stark County, Illinois;
Francis M Cree Head M 60 Illinois
Anna E Cree Wife F 48 Illinois
Francis S Cree Son M 22 Illinois
M Lucille Cree Daughter F 16 Illinois
Hugh R Cree Son M 10 Illinois
Letha D Cree Daughter F 8 Illinois
Ruth E Cree Daughter F 4 Illinois

Annie died on April 7, 1954 and her mortal remains were laid in the Toulon Cemetery in Toulon, Stark County, Illinois. See her Find A Grave Memorial# 64574541.

8. Lola V. Roney, born November 4, 1884 in Peoria County, Illinois. Lola was married to Elijah Greenwell. Lola died on August 3, 1938 in Valley Township, Stark County, Illinois and her mortal remains were laid in the Wyoming Cemetery in Wyoming, Illinois. Her residence is recorded as Wyoming, Essex Township, Stark County, Illinois.

At the time of the 1880 census, the Roneys are found in Millbrook Township, Peoria County, Illinois, where Hugh is farming;
Hugh Roney Self M 37 Scotland
Cyntha Roney Wife F 27 Ohio
Ellen E Roney Daughter F 11 Illinois
William C Roney Son M 10 Illinois
Cora V Roney Daughter F 8 Illinois
Sarah C Roney Daughter F 6 Illinois
John F Roney Son M 4 Illinois
James C Roney Son M 1 Illinois

Cynthia died on March 24, 1890 and her earthly remains were buried in the Campbell Cemetery near Monica, Illinois.

In 1898, the "boys of Co. K" surprised Hugh with a little Co. K reunion, during which they presented him with a gold headed cane. An article pertaining to this program and cane presentation is found here on this site and today the cane is preserved in the Princeville Heritage Museum, along with a similar cane, which was presented to John Z. Slane, also a member of Co. K.

At the time of the 1900 census, Hugh and his family are found in Millbrook township, Peoria County, Illinois;
Hugh Roney Head M Oct 1843 57 Scotland
Anna S Roney Daughter F Nov 1881 19 Illinois
John F Roney Son M Nov 1876 24 Illinois
James B Roney Son M Mar 1879 21 Illinois
Lola Z Roney Daughter F Nov 1884 16 Illinois

Pvt. Hugh Roney passed away on February 2, 1904 and was laid to rest beside his wife of almost 22 years. His obituary appeared in the February __, 1904 edition of the Princeville Telephone:

"Hugh Roney
Hugh Roney was born in Lenrickshire, Scotland, Oct 24, 1843. He immigrated to America with his father's family in 1851, and resided about one year in New York State, coming to Peoria county, Ill., in 1852, which had been his residence up to the time of his death, which occurred at the family home Feb. 2, 1904, aged 60 years, 3 months and 9 days.
Mr. Rooney was united in marriage to Cynthia Pryor April 17, 1868. To this union were born eight children, who were all at his bedside when death came Ellen E., William, Cora V., Sarah U., John F., James C., Annie E. and Lola V. His wife proceeded to the better land March 24, 1890, in the dark days of war he was one of his country's defenders. He enlisted Aug 8, 1862 in Princeville in Co. K. 86TH Illinois Volunteers Infantry, and was mustered into service Aug. 27 1862, and participated in all the battles and skirmishes of his regiment till June 27, 1864, when he fell seriously wounded close to the dead-angle with in a few feet of the Confederate breastworks at Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia, where his regiment lost 100 men in killed and wounded in less than five minutes. This is conceded by military critics to have been one of the most desperate charges of the civil war. His comrades unite in saying that he did his whole duty as an American solider. He was an indulgent husband and father and a kind and obliging neighbor, ever ready in word and deed to relieve sickness and distress where ever found. The deceased never belonged to any church, but he was a respecter of religions and religious persons. He leaves to mourn his loss three sons and five daughters, two brothers and one sister, and a large number of sympathizing friends and neighbors, and his loss will be long felt in the community in which he so long resided.
The decedent was admitted to membership in Dillgence Lodge, No 129, I. O. O. F. ON March 29, 1900, of which he was a member until death.
Funeral services were held at 12:30 today at the Laura church, conducted by Rev. Vivian, of Princeville, and by Rev. Gibson, of Melvin, ILL."

by Baxter B. Fite III

(Baxter Fite would love to hear from anyone, especially descendants, who might be able to add to the biography of Pvt. Hugh Roney or even provide a photograph of Hugh, especially one of him in uniform, for his Find A Grave site and for the Princeville Historical Society.)

Family links: 
  Cynthia Pryor Roney (1852 - 1890)
  William Roney (1868 - 1943)*
  Ellen Elizabeth Roney Chamberlain (1869 - 1931)*
  Cora V Swank (1872 - 1928)*
  Sarah Catherine Roney Chamberlain (1875 - 1954)*
  John Franklin Roney (1877 - 1930)*
  James Calvin Roney (1879 - 1937)*
  Anna E Roney Cree (1881 - 1954)*
  Lola V Roney Greenwell (1884 - 1938)*
*Calculated relationship
Campbell Cemetery
Peoria County
Illinois, USA
Maintained by: Baxter B. Fite III
Originally Created by: Tracy Kyle
Record added: Sep 28, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 30147125
Pvt Hugh Roney
Added by: Baxter B. Fite III
Pvt Hugh Roney
Added by: Memories From The Mist
Pvt Hugh Roney
Added by: Baxter B. Fite III
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