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John Jacob Lindauer
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Birth: 1840
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA
Death: Jan. 5, 1888
Jersey City
Hudson County
New Jersey, USA

John Jacob Lindauer (1840-1888) was a "policy dealer" who was involved in the illegal numbers game in New York City and New Jersey. He was also a cigar maker with Lindauer and Company, Tobacco. (b. 1840; Pennsylvania, USA - d. January 5, 1888; Jersey City, Hudson, New Jersey, USA)

Name:
He appears as "John J. Lindauer" in most documents but was "John Jacob Lindauer" in the Lindauer Ensko family bible where his death was recorded.

Parents:
John is the son of Oscar Arthur Moritz Lindauer (1815-1866) and his first wife.

Birth:
He was born in 1840 in Pennsylvania. His baptismal record has not been located.

Siblings:
His siblings include: Charles Frederick Lindauer (1835-1921) who married Anna Augusta Kershaw (1841-1931); Louis Julius Lindauer (1842-1915) who married Mary Sheehan (1842-1888); and Eloise Lindauer I (1852-1942) who married William Arthur Ensko II (1850-1889).

Pennsylvania to New York City:
John's parents moved from Pennsylvania to New York City around 1845-1850.

Marriage:
Around 1868 John married Nellie Carney (1853-1887) of Massachusetts. They appear to have raised the children of Caroline Ritter (1846-?) and Charles Lindauer (1840-?). It is not known if this Charles is the same person as Charles Frederick Lindauer (1835-1921). Their certificate has not been found in the New York City marriage index.

U.S. v. John Lindauer in 1869:
John Jacob Lindauer (1841-1888) and his brother Louis Julius Lindauer (1842-1915) and their illegal lottery ticket business. Here in 1879 they are found not guilty. John claims that he is not the owner of the business but just a clerk working in the store. He says his brother, Louis Julius Lindauer (1842-1915) is the owner. He is found not guilty. Along with brother Charles Frederick Lindauer I (1836-1921), they managed to stay out of jail even though they were arrested many times. "United States Circuit Court, Southern District of New York. Before Judge Benedict and a Jury. U.S. v. John Lindauer. This was an indictment charging the defendant with doing business as a lottery dealer at No. 202 Chrystie street, without paying the special tax required by law. From the evidence it did not appear clear whether he was pecuniarily interested in the profits and losses of the business. Lewis Lindauer, the brother of the defendant, testified that he (Lewis) paid the rent of the lottery office, and that the defendant merely received wages for his services. On the other hand it was shown that the defendant had made statements to the effect that he was interested in the business. Judge Benedict charged that if the defendant was found to be simply a clerk, he must be acquitted ; and further charge that a person might sell lottery tickets on commission, if the commission was allowed as wages, and still be merely a clerk, and not be amenable in the eye of the law as being engaged or concerned in the business of lottery dealing. This construction of the law is very important in View of the great number of arrests of lottery-ticket vendors that have recently taken place, nearly all of whom claim. to be clerks, and it being extremely difficult to prove who are the principals. The jury, after a brief absence, found the defendant not guilty." (Source: Internal Revenue Record and Customs Journal: Official Register of U.S. Courts and Treasury Department in Revenue and Customs Cases, Volume 10, 1869.)
Children:
George Lindauer (1866-?) and Lottie Lindauer (1869-?) appear in the 1870 census as the children of Caroline Ritter (1846-?) and Charles Lindauer (1840-?) but by 1880 they are living in the household of Nellie and John. In 1880 John and Nellie's household has the following children: George Lindauer (1866-?); Lottie Lindauer (1869-?) aka Charlotte Lindauer; Lulu Lindauer (1871-?); Oscar Arthur Lindauer (1873-1948) who married Jean Louise Courter (1879-1963) and had children and grandchildren; and Edwin Lindauer (1874-?) who was later institutionalized. All the children were born in New York City. In 1885 John and Nellie were living in Jersey City, New Jersey with the following children: George Lindauer (1866-?); Lottie Lindauer (1869-?); Lulu Lindauer (1871-?) and Edwin Lindauer (1874-?).

Manhattan, New York:
In 1869 John was listed in the Manhattan city directory as a "broker" with his brother, Charles Frederick Lindauer. Both were working at 148 Mercer Street, and both were living at 165 Spring Street in Manhattan. There was also a John Lindauer, born in 1840, in the 1870 census in Manhattan married to an Elizabeth. The 1870 census lists John Lindauer as born in New York and working as a "policy dealer". It is possible, but unlikely, that there are two John Lindauers born roughly the same time, both living in Manhattan.

Jersey City, New Jersey:
John appears in the 1880 US census living in Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey under the name "John Lindauner" and working as a "cigar maker". In 1881 John was listed as a "cigar maker" in the Jersey City directory, where he is living or working at 172 Railroad Avenue. His two brothers were also listed in the directory dealing in cigars. In the 1885 New Jersey census they are still in Jersey City.

Un-named child:
There is a birth recorded on August 23, 1885 in Jersey City with "John J. Lindauer", born in 1840, as the father and "Mary L. Smith", born in 1846, as the mother. The child was unnamed at the time of birth and the parents were living at 297 Newark Avenue in Jersey City and John was working in "tobacco". This was their fifth child.

Death:
He died on January 5, 1888 in Jersey City, Hudson, New Jersey and his death was recorded in the Lindauer family bible, which is now archived with Eloise Ensko Higgins (1950- ) in Lawrenceville, New Jersey.

Funeral notice:
New York Herald on January 8, 1888: "Lindauer - On Thursday, January 5, John J. Lindauer, aged 47 years. Funeral from his sister's, Mrs. Ensko, 301 West Houston Street, Sunday, January 8, one P.M."

Burial:
He was buried in Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn in the Lindauer family plot on January 8, 1888.

Lindauer & Company, Tobacconists:
On June 2, 1889, the Brooklyn Eagle reported the following "News from Jersey City: "August Mueller, who was the collector in this city for Lindauer & Co., tobacconist, was sent to jail this morning for contempt of court. His employers were dissatisfied with his returns and had a receiver appointed to examine his accounts. Mueller refused to surrender his books and his arrest followed."

Legacy:
No picture of him is known to exist. It is not known if he had genetic children.

Unfinished tasks:
His birth certificate has not been located in Pennsylvania yet. His children will have to be determined from birth certificates to distinguish children he may have raised that were fathered by Charles Lindauer. His marriage has not been found in the New York City marriage index.

Relationship:
John Jacob Lindauer (1840-1888) was the second great-granduncle of Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ). He was the surrogate great-grandfather of John Howard Lindauer II (1937- ) and Ruth Lindauer Sherman (1945- ).

Research:
Researched and written by Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ) for Findagrave starting on August 8, 2003. Updated on March 14, 2011 with information from the 1885 census. Updated on November 2, 2013 with his funeral notice. Updated on November 14, 2014 with updated information on his birth, marriage, and death. Updated on March 22, 2016 with the court case.


 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Oscar Arthur Moritz Lindauer (1815 - 1866)
 
 Spouse:
  Nellie Carney Lindauer (1853 - 1887)
 
 Siblings:
  Charles Frederick Lindauer (1836 - 1921)*
  Louis Julius Lindauer (1838 - 1915)*
  John Jacob Lindauer (1840 - 1888)
  Eloise Lindauer Ensko (1852 - 1942)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Cypress Hills Cemetery
Brooklyn
Kings County (Brooklyn)
New York, USA
Plot: Grave 8-12, Lot 108, Westminster Area
 
Created by: Richard Arthur Norton (1...
Record added: Aug 08, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 7746108
John Jacob Lindauer
Added by: Richard Arthur Norton (1958- )
 
John Jacob Lindauer
Added by: Richard Arthur Norton (1958- )
 
John Jacob Lindauer
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Ken B
 
 
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- Diana
 Added: Apr. 9, 2008
In memory.
- Rita
 Added: Sep. 21, 2007
 
 
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