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Joshua "Emperor Norton I" Norton
Birth: Feb. 4, 1818
Kent, England
Death: Jan. 8, 1880
San Francisco
San Francisco County
California, USA

Self-proclaimed Emperor of the United States and Protector of Mexico. Born Joshua Abraham Norton in England, his parents John and Sarah Norton immigrated to South Africa in 1820, when he was about two years old. His birth date has been debated, but most historians believe he was born in London about February 14, 1819. After receiving his inheritance of $40,000 Norton immigrated to San Francisco in 1849, and by 1853, he had accumulated a fortune of $250,000, making most of his money in the local real estate market. However, by 1858, he had lost his fortune and declared bankruptcy. In September 1859, having become disgruntled with the US Government, he took out an ad in several San Francisco newspapers, proclaiming himself "Emperor of these United States," later adding the title "Protector of Mexico." A month later, he issued a proclamation dissolving the Congress of the United States, as the secession crisis grew with the Southern States. Naturally, such orders and decrees were largely ignored. In August 1869, he issued another decree, abolishing both the Democratic and Republican political parties. Most of the local politicians thought him a broke, harmless eccentric, and ignored his periodic imperial decrees. Despite this, many of his orders did make sense and have logic in them. He called for the construction of a bridge and tunnel between San Francisco and Oakland (which became the Bay Bridge, when built in 1933-36 and the tunnel was built in 1969-1972). Wearing an elaborate blue uniform with gold epaulets and a beaver hat decorated with peacock feathers, he would daily inspect his dominion (the streets of San Francisco), inspecting the maintenance of public property and the appearance of the local police officers. He would also attend to the needs of his "subjects," giving lengthy philosophical lectures to anyone who would listen. Becoming a local icon, the citizens of San Francisco took him to their heart. He regularly ate at fine restaurants, never paying for a meal, and the proprietors would add a brass plaque to their entrances declaring "By Appointment to his Imperial Majesty, Emperor Norton I". When local white rowdies tried to start a pogrom against Chinese in the city, Emperor Norton forbade it and stood in the street, head bowed and praying; the pogrom failed on the spot. In 1867, a police officer arrested Norton, intending to have him committed to an insane asylum, and the resulting public outcry had the Police Chief, Patrick Crowley, release the Emperor with a public apology. Emperor Norton then issued an Imperial Pardon to the errant police officer for his act of treason. To pay some of his minor debts, Norton issued currency, which was generally accepted by the local merchants. When Norton's uniform began to look shabby, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors appropriated money for its replacement. On the evening of January 8, 1880, Norton collapsed while on his way to a scientific lecture, and died before help could be summoned. The next day, the "San Francisco Chronicle" published his obituary on the front page, under the headline "The King is Dead." Despite being completely impoverished, a local businessmen's club paid for Norton's casket and plot, and nearly 30,000 people attended his funeral at the Masonic Cemetery. In 1934, his remains were moved to Woodlawn Cemetery, which provided the impressive headstone for his grave free of cost. Since his death, and beginning in the late 1960s, Emperor Norton I has been periodically honored as a celebrity of the city. (bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson) 
Woodlawn Memorial Park
San Mateo County
California, USA
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 766
Joshua Emperor Norton I Norton
Added by: Mongoose
Joshua Emperor Norton I Norton
Added by: IRCrockett
Joshua Emperor Norton I Norton
Added by: Sadie McFarlane
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In Memoriam Maxime Augustorem! Ave Atque Vale!
- Nathan Bento
 Added: Apr. 19, 2017

- Ceme-Terry Photographer
 Added: Mar. 13, 2017
We all live as central characters in the Theater of Our Mind. You, Sir, had the audacity to play your role upon the public square. Bravo!
- cold rain
 Added: Aug. 8, 2016
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