|Birth: ||Dec. 3, 1723|
|Death: ||Jun. 28, 1755|
New Hampshire, USA
Caleb Howe was the fifth child of twelve siblings all born to Nehemiah Howe(1693-1747) and his wife Margarret Willard (1659-1758)of Subury,Ma.In 1741 he and his family traveled by boat up the Connecticut River from Massachusetts and settled on lands in Township(No 2)on the Great Meadows,Putney,Vermont.The family would keep house inside their homes with the centrally located forts near by to protect them from attacks by Indians.
On October 11,1745,later known to the settlers,as "Black Friday" Caleb's father,Nehemiah Howe was on his property in the Great Meadows when he was surprised by a band of Abenakis Indians and taken captive.During their attack the Indians had taken the life of,another settler, David Rugg who in a savage act of brutality was beheaded.Wanting to instill fear among the settler's the retreating Indian's,in a gruesome display,mounted David Rugg's head on a pole and left it outside the Fort.The young 22 year old,Caleb Howe,with two companions,had been chased by five Indians,but by hiding under the bank of the river they were able to avoid capture.Caleb's father, Nehemiah Howe was taken to Canada,where he was kept a prisoner of the French in Quebec for a year and a half.Just as he was about to be set free,he became sick with fever and was taken to a hospital where he died on May 25, 1747.While in captivity he kept a journel,which was made into a Narrative that was published in 1748.Nehemiah Howe was the son of Lieutenant Samuel Howe (1642-1713) and his wife,the widow Sarah(Leavitt)Clapp(1659-1726) of Sudbury,Massachuetts. Nehemiah Howe's brother David Howe(1674-1759) was part of the branch of the family that remained in Sudbury,Ma began,in 1716,what was then called a "House of Entertainment" along the Old Boston Post Road,one of the first mail routes in the country.Known then as "Howe's Tavern" 1748 David's son Ezekiel Howe,now proprietor,would call it "The Red Horse Inn".As Sudbury was just about halfway between Boston and Worcester,the Inn became a regular and popular stopping place for travellers between these two towns.It was owned and operated by four consecutive generations of Howe's,The last of which was Lyman Howe(1801-1861).When Henry Wadsworth Longfellow visited the Inn in 1862,Lyman Howe became the inpiration for the fictitious character he created for his poem "The Landlord's Tale",more widely known as "The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere ".When publised in 1863,The Tales of a Wayside Inn were so popular that by 1866 they brought the Inn to a level of national significance.
Caleb Howe married Jemima Sawtell (1724-1805) on Jul 5,1746.She was the daughter of Josiah Sawtell(1687-1753)and his wife Lydia Nutting(1686-1776)Caleb and Jemima had the following five children...
1-William Howe b Mat 5,1747,d May 8 1763
2-Moses Howe b Mar 24,1750,d Dec 1 1817
(Moses Howe served as a Captain in the Revolutionary War)
3-Squire Howe b Nov 2,1751
4-Caleb Howe b 1753,d Oct 26 1810
5-Josiah Howe b Jan 10,1755,d May 1756
(5 mounth old Josiah died in Indian captivity)
Caleb took part in many of the Indian battles in the late 1740's. He was in Captain Phineas Stevens Company,1746-9. He was a Sergeant at No. 4 when he wrote to Captain Stevens an account of the attack there in June of 1749.At that time,a son of the Captain was taken captive and Ensign Obadiah Sawtell,a brother of Josiah Sawtell(Caleb's father in Law)was killed.In 1747 The Indians attacked and burned Bridgeman's Fort on the west side of the river in what is now Vernon,VT,then part of Hinsdale,New Hampshire. After it was rebuilt,Caleb's family became members of the garrison family until a peace treaty was signed by the French and English in 1749.Caleb's family became members of the garrison family until a peace treaty was signed by the French and English in 1749.Then Caleb's family settled into the Fort Sawtell,named after his his father in Law,Josiah Sawtell.Fort Sartwell was a short distance north of Fort Bridgman.On Sept 25,1753 the first town meeting for Hinsdale took place,Captain Orlando Bridgeman was moderator of said meeting.Sergeant Caleb Howe served as Consatable and Collector and voted on several town related issues.
The town of Hinsdale,then included both sides of the river, was chartered in Sept. 31, 1753. Caleb was made a constable of the new town at the first proprietors meeting held at the home of Thomas Chamberlain. At a latter proprietors meeting he was made clerk.
Peace didn't last long because in 1754, the "last French and Indian War", began when Great Britain's King again declared war against France. When the Indians attacked Charlestown (No. 4) and carried away the Johnson family, the various families in the valley left their farms and took refuge in the forts.Some went to Fort Dummer,some to Hinsdale's and the How's,Gaffield's and Grout's went to Fort Bridgeman.
In company with two others,Hilkia Grout and Benjamin Garfield,Caleb Howe was engaged in hoeing corn on June,27,1755 in the meadow on the east side of the Connecticut river and started on the night of June 27 of that year to return to Bridgman's Fort on the Connecticut river,just below Fort Sartwell. They were attacked by twelve Indians in ambush, and Howe,who had two young lads on the horse with him, was brought to the ground by a shot in his thigh.They also pierced him with spears and tore off his scalp.The next morning he was found by a party from Fort Hinsdale still living,and was carried to the fort where he died.Hilkia Grout escaped unhurt and Benjamin Garfield was drowned while trying to escape.
The Indians took the wives of these three men,Jemima Howe,Submit Grout and Eunice Garfield,a child of Garfield, three children of Grout,and seven children of Mrs. Howe, the eldest of the latter being eleven years old, and the youngest six months. The two eldest were children by her first husband, William Phipps, who was also slain, July 5, 1743, by Indians. The Indians plundered and fired the fort. After camping one night six Indians returned to the fort to do more destruction.The next morning they started on the long journey to Canada,and sold their captives in Montreal. Mrs. Howe's youngest daughter was given to Governor De Vaudreuil. Her baby was carried off by a hunting party to Missiquoi, on Lake Champlain, where he died. Mrs. Howe was kindly treated by the French and was finally ransomed and returned home. Her eldest daughter was taken to France and married a Frenchman; the other children were scattered.
Nehemiah Howe (1693 - 1747)
Margaret Willard Howe/Miller (1696 - 1758)
Jemima Sawtelle Phipps/Howe/Tute (1723 - 1805)*
Moses Howe (1750 - 1817)*
Joshua Howe (1716 - ____)*
Caleb Howe (1723 - 1755)
Sarah Howe Alexander (1725 - 1788)*
Samuel Howe (1727 - 1806)*
Abner Howe (1731 - 1781)*
Mary Howe Stebbins (1734 - 1794)*
Head Stone:In memory of Mr. Caleb How a very Kind Companion who was killed by the Indians June the 27th 1755 in the 32nd year of his age, his wife Mrs.Jemima How With 7 Children taken Captive at the Same time.
Foot Stone: Mr Caleb How was killed by Indians 1755
Note: He was buried in a field near Fort Hinsdale near Vernon,Vt (see 0ld 1914 pic).. When the property was purchased as a tobacco field in 1918, the grave was moved to the Hooker Farm Cemetary in Hinsdale
New Hampshire, USA
Created by: John Clay Harris
Record added: Apr 28, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 69042959