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Dag Hammarskjold
Birth: Jul. 29, 1905
Jönköpings län, Sweden
Death: Sep. 18, 1961
Copperbelt, Zambia

Swedish Diplomat, Economist, Author, 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations, and Nobel Prize Winner. He was the 4th and youngest son of Hjalmar Hammarskjold who was the Prime Minister of Sweden from 1914 to 1917. He spent most of his childhood in Uppsala, Sweden, where he attended Uppsala University and by 1930 had received his Licentiate of Philosophy and Master of Laws Degrees. He was secretary on a government committee on unemployment from 1930 to 1934 during which time he wrote his economic thesis "The Spread of the Business Cycle," and received a doctorate degree from the University of Stockholm, Sweden. From there he began his career as a public servant, first as Secretary of the Riksbank (central bank of Sweden) from 1935 to 1941, State Secretary in the Ministry of Finance from 1936-1945, the Governor of the Riksbank from 1941 to 1948, the Swedish delegate on the Organization for European Economic Cooperation from 1947 to 1953, Cabinet Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1949 to 1951, and an associate in Swedish Prime Minister Tage Erlander's government from 1951 to 1953. Although he served in a cabinet that was dominated by Sweden's Social Democrats, he never officially joined any political party. During to post World War II era he assisted in coordinating governmental plans to alleviate the economic problems brought on by the war. He was a delegate to the Paris convention that established the Marshall Plan in June 1947 and in 1950 he became head of the Swedish delegation to the United Nations (UN) Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. The following year he became Vice Chairman of the Swedish delegation to the United Nations General Assembly in Paris, France, and became its Chairman In New York City, New York in 1952. When Trygve Lie resigned as the UN Secretary-General, the United Nations Security Council recommended him to the post, and was elected by a majority of the Security Council members and later by a vast majority of the General Assembly and was reelected in 1957. He set out to establish regulations defining the responsibilities of the many United Nations administrators and was engaged himself in those projects relating to the UN working environment. During his term he attempted to smooth relations between Israel and the Arab states, visited China to negotiate the release of 15 captured US pilots who had served in the Korean War, established the United Nations Emergence Force and intervened in the 1956 Suez Crisis. In 1960 the newly independent Congo (formerly Belgian Congo) requested UN assistance in diffusing the Congo Crisis. He made four trips to the Congo and his overall efforts in decolonization of Africa were deemed insufficient by the Soviet Union and they denounced his decision to send a UN emergency peacekeeping force as well as demanding his resignation (which he refused) and replacement of his office with a three-man directorate with a built-in veto. He denied the Congo's request to force the Katanga Province to rejoin the Congo because he wanted the UN forces to be neutral and to find a viable solution to the problem without becoming involved in any military action. In September 1961 he learned about fighting between Katangese troops and UN forces and was en route to negotiate a cease-fire when his aircraft crashed near Ndola, in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia), killing all who were on board. Several unsupported theories exist as to reason for the crash, from it being shot down by another aircraft of surface-to-air missile to the explosion of a bomb aboard the aircraft. However, all official inquiries into the accident failed to determine conclusively the exact cause of the crash. In 1961 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, having been nominated prior to his death, being only one of three others to be awarded this prize posthumously. To date, he is the only UN Secretary-General to die in office. (bio by: William Bjornstad) 
Family links: 
  Hjalmar Leonard Hammarskjold (1862 - 1953)

Cause of death: Plane crash
Uppsala gamla kyrkogård
Uppsala kommun
Uppsala län, Sweden
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Aug 10, 1999
Find A Grave Memorial# 6074
Dag Hammarskjold
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Dag Hammarskjold
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Dag Hammarskjold
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