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SMN Edward Richard "Red" MacManiman
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Birth: Sep. 22, 1917
Santa Rosa
Sonoma County
California, USA
Death: Oct. 15, 1942, Solomon Islands

Served aboard DD-434 USS Meredith
Gleaves Class Destroyer

During the South Pacific battles of World War II, the USS Meredith was a "Ghost Ship" near the Fiji Islands. The purpose of Ghost Ships was to deceive the enemy. By sending false signals from their positions, they led the enemy to believe that the entire fleet was at their location.

Departing Espiritu Santo on 12 October 1942, Meredith, now commanded by Commander Harry E. Hubbard, was underway as part of a convoy with Alchiba, Bellatrix, Jamestown, Nicholas, and Vireo, each pulling a barge carrying barrels of aviation gasoline and 500 pound bombs to the United States forces on Guadalcanal. Two days later it was learned that a Japanese carrier task force was in the vicinity and all ships except Meredith and Vireo turned back. Despite the fact that Meredith was equipped only with surface-search and not air-search radar, Commander Hubbard decided to press on to deliver the critically needed aviation gas.

Meredith was sighted by a Japanese patrol plane on the morning of 15 October, and shortly after midday took aboard the 68 man crew of Vireo to depart the area at high speed. However, while preparing to torpedo Vireo to keep her out of Japanese hands, Meredith was attacked by a force of 38 bombers, torpedo planes, and escort fighters from enemy carrier IJN Zuikaku. In the first three minutes of the attack, Meredith was struck by a bomb that exploded beneath her bridge, destroying all communications, steering control, and gun direction. A second bomb struck the forward port side, and a torpedo exploded below the ready ammunition reader locker, igniting the ship's pyrotechnics and setting fire to fuel oil leaking from her bunkers.

Meredith fought fiercely, and brought down three of her attackers, but she was struck by an estimated 14 bombs and seven torpedoes. Meredith rolled over and sank in 10 minutes at Lat. 11-53 S., Long. 163-20 E. Of the crew of 261 on board that day, only eight officers and 73 enlisted men survived the attack and the three ensuing days of exposure to the open sea and sharks until they were rescued by destroyers Grayson (DD-435) and Gwin (DD-433) and fleet tug Seminole (AT-65) . Six members of the Meredith's crew managed to swim to the Vireo, and were rescued by naval PBY on the 19th of October.

Meredith received one battle star for WWII service. 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Edward Roy MacManiman (1877 - 1955)
  Mabel Christina Crum MacManiman (1881 - 1963)
 
 Siblings:
  Wynne Crum MacManiman (1907 - 1993)*
  John Robert MacManiman (1910 - 1976)*
  Elizabeth Christina MacManiman (1913 - 1975)*
  Edward Richard MacManiman (1917 - 1942)*
  Edward Richard MacManiman (1917 - 1942)
  Dorothy Mabel MacManiman Green (1922 - 1988)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Note: Memorial Marker Only. Body lost at sea. Family Memorial: 97781542
 
Burial:
Manila American Cemetery and Memorial
Manila
Metro Manila
National Capital Region, Philippines
 
Maintained by: J W MacManiman
Originally Created by: CWGC/ABMC
Record added: Aug 08, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 56789549
SMN Edward Richard Red MacManiman
Added by: Ralph the Cemetery Guy
 
SMN Edward Richard Red MacManiman
Added by: J W MacManiman
 
SMN Edward Richard Red MacManiman
Added by: J W MacManiman
 
 
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- Steve Berg
 Added: Jun. 4, 2017
 
 
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