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PH1 Joseph James Bender, Jr
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Birth: Oct. 12, 1922
Cumberland County
New Jersey, USA
Death: Nov. 14, 1944

oseph James Bender
United States Navy
Pharmacist's Mate First Class (PhM1)
Service Number: 243-81-43
Enlisted: 19 November 1940 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Born: 12 October 1922 in Heislerville, Cumberland County, New Jersey
Died: 13 November 1944 aboard USS ESCOLAR (SS 294)
Joseph James Bender, Jr.
Birth Date October 12, 1922
Joseph was born in Heislerville, Cumberland County, New Jersey.
Died October 17, 1944 At Sea
He served on the Escolar (SS-294)

Escolar (SS-294)

Compiled by Paul W. Wittmer and Charles R. Hinman, with editorial notes by Robert H. Downie, originally from:

U.S. Submarine Losses World War II, NAVPERS 15,784, 1949 ISSUE

ESCOLAR (CDR W. J. Millican) departed Pearl Harbor on 18 September 1944, to proceed to Midway to top off with fuel. There she joined CROAKER and PERCH and left on 23 September to conduct a coordinated patrol (ESCOLAR's first patrol) in the Yellow Sea north of 30 00'N. Commander Millican was in command of this coordinated attack group, which was designated "Millican's Marauders."

On 30 September, when ESCOLAR was estimated to be about north of the Bonin Islands, the following partial message was received from her: "This from ESCOLAR X attacked with deck gun boat similar to ex-Italian Peter George five OTYI- - - -". Although no further transmissions have ever been received by bases from ESCOLAR, which was forced to break off the transmission and the engagement with the gunboat at this time, the Commanding Officer of CROAKER has stated that she suffered no damage and was in frequent communication with PERCH and CROAKER until 17 October 1944.

PERCH reported that on 17 October she had received a message from ESCOLAR stating that she was in position 33 44'N, 127 33'E, and was heading for Latitude 33 44'N, Longitude 129 06'E. Neither PERCH nor CROAKER could raise ESCOLAR by radio after this transmission was received.

Approximate location of USS Escolar

Google Earth image of the area where USS Escolar is believed to have been lost

Had ESCOLAR left her area on the scheduled date, she would have arrived at Midway about 13 November 1944. All attempts to contact ESCOLAR failed and she was reported on 27 November 1944 as presumed lost. It is assumed that she was lost about 17 October. Information supplied by the Japanese on anti-submarine attacks gives no clue as to the cause of her loss, but the Yellow Sea area is thought to have been mined. A course line plotted between the two positions given above does not cross any known Japanese mine lies, but positions of mines laid before April 1945 are not definitely located. The known minefields in Tsushima Strait were laid in April 1945. However, there were mines in the general area of ESCOLAR's predicted position, and the most likely explanation for her end at present is that she detonated a mine.

[Editor's note: Reports were later found in Japanese records that seem to account for Escolar's loss. According to these reports, a convoy departed from Imari Bay on the morning of October 19. That afternoon, off Sasebo, one of the convoy's escorts detected an unknown submarine. Another escort attacked, dropping about 30 depth charges. Bubbles, oil, and debris rose to the surface. The reported position of this action was 33 31' N, 128 48'E. Escolar was the only submarine that could have been in this area and she likely met her end in this encounter, going down with all hands.]
Family links: 
  Joseph Bender (1894 - ____)
  Edith McClain Bender (1895 - ____)
  Lewis E Bender (1921 - 2008)*
  Joseph James Bender (1922 - 1944)
  John McClain Bender (1924 - 1992)*
*Calculated relationship
Note: Entered the service from New Jersey.
Manila American Cemetery and Memorial
Metro Manila
National Capital Region, Philippines
Maintained by: Loren Bender
Originally Created by: CWGC/ABMC
Record added: Aug 08, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 56786868
PH1 Joseph James Bender, Jr
Added by: Loren Bender
PH1 Joseph James Bender, Jr
Added by: Loren Bender
PH1 Joseph James Bender, Jr
Added by: South Africa War Graves Project
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On Eternal Patrol - USS Escolar (SS-294)
- Judy Richards
 Added: Jul. 28, 2015
Purple Heart Awarded for wounds or death as result of an act of any opposing armed force, as a result of an international terrorist attack or as a result of military operations while serving as part of a peacekeeping force. The oldest of our military awar...(Read more)
- Judy Richards
 Added: Jul. 28, 2015
The World War II Victory Medal is a decoration of the United States military which was created by an act of Congress in July 1945. The decoration commemorates military service during World War II and is awarded to any member of the United States military,...(Read more)
- Judy Richards
 Added: Jul. 28, 2015
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