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Richard I
Birth: Sep. 8, 1157
City of Oxford
Oxfordshire, England
Death: Apr. 6, 1199
Departement de la Haute-Vienne
Limousin, France

English Monarch, Duc d'Aquitaine. Born at Beaumont Palace, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, the third son of Henry II 'Curtmantle', King of England and Eleanor, Duchesse d'Aquitaine. He spent his youth in France at his mother's court at Poitiers training as a soldier and gained the title of Duc d'Aquitaine in 1172. He fought with his brothers Henry and Geoffrey in their rebellion against their father in 1173; he fought for his father against his brothers when they supported an 1183 revolt in Aquitaine during which Prince Henry died; and he joined Philip II of France against his father in 1188, forced him to acknowledge Richard as his heir, and harried him to his death in 1189. Richard succeeded to the title of King Richard I of England on July 6, 1189 and was crowned in September 1189 at Westminster Abbey, London when he was styled Rex Anglaie, Dux Normanniae et Aquitainaie et Comes Andegavaie. He acted upon a promise to his father and joined the Third Crusade departing for the Holy Land in 1190 leaving his youngest brother, John, in charge of the realm. In 1191, he conquered Cyprus. He held his own against Saladin, nearly taking Jerusalem twice. Although he did not vanquish the Turks, a truce with Saladin granted easier access to the region for Christian pilgrims. He became known as Richard the Lionheart or Coeur de Lion for his prowess on the battlefield. He married Berengaria of Naverre when on a Crusade in 1191 but had no children. On his way home from the Holy Land in March of 1192, Richard was shipwrecked and captured. He was imprisoned by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI who demanded a 150,000-mark ransom which was raised through heavy taxing of the people of England. Richard was freed in February of 1194. Upon returning to England he had a second coronation to demonstrate his authority and quashed John's plots before leaving for France and igniting a war with Philip II in order to regain lost territory. Their fight continued sporadically until the French were finally defeated near Gisors in 1198. Richard was mortally wounded in a skirmish at the castle of Chalus in the Limousin in 1199. Upon his death his heart was interred at the cathedral in Rouen while his body was interred at Fontevraud Abbey. This king of England had spent less than seven months of a ten year reign in his kingdom. (bio by: Iola) 
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Rouen
Departement de la Seine-Maritime
Haute-Normandie, France
Specifically: Heart only
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Apr 12, 1999
Find A Grave Memorial# 5110
Richard I
Added by: Iola
Richard I
Added by: quebecoise
Richard I
Added by: Eric Greene
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