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George Evans Turnure, Jr.
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Birth: Jul. 13, 1896
Berkshire County
Massachusetts, USA
Death: Nov. 30, 1920
New York
New York County (Manhattan)
New York, USA

George Evans Turnure, Jr. entered Harvard University as a member of the Class of 1920, but he left in 1916 to begin military training at Plattsburgh, New York. In 1917 he joined the American Ambulance Field Service and departed for France. On February 16, 1917, Turnure joined France's Service Aeronautique and underwent aviation, aerobatic, and gunnery training at Avord, Pau, and the G.D.E. He earned his brevet on the Bleriot on June 16, 1918, and he graduated from the training pipeline on July 25, 1917. Turnure was assigned to Escadrille SPA 103 and flew combat patrols with that unit until December 16, 1917.

While assigned with SPA 103, Turnure shot down a two-seat aircraft near Ypres. Two weeks later on a patrol mission alongside Adjudant Rene Fonck, who ended the war with 75 official victories and was the second leading Ace behind only the Baron Manfred von Richthofen ("The Red Baron"), Turnure was credited with assisting Fonck to bring down a German two-seat aircraft piloted by Captain Wissemann. Wissemann was credited two weeks earlier for shooting down France's famous and beloved Ace, Georges Guynemer. (There are other studies into Guynemer's fate.)

On January 2, 1918, Turnure was commissioned as a First Lieutenant in the U.S. Air Service. However, he was assigned to SPA 124 and continued to fly among French pilots until February 18, 1918. After that date, Turnure was assigned to and flew with the United States Air Service's 103rd Aero Squadron and was credited with shooting down two enemy observation balloons. Shooting down balloons was no simple task, for they were heavily defended by ground fire as well as by enemy aircraft.

From August 28, 1918 until the end of the war on November 11, 1918, Turnure served as a Flight Commander with the 28th Aero Squadron.

For his heroic service for France, Turnure was awarded the Legion of Honor as well as the Croix de Guerre with three Palms and a Star.

Turnure died of pneumonia in New York City on November 20, 1920 at the age of 24.

[Reference: "The Lafayette Flying Corps: The American Volunteers in the French Air Service in World War One," by Dennis Gordon. Schiffer Military History, Atglen, PA: 2000.]
Family links: 
  George Evans Turnure (1866 - 1933)
  Elizabeth Gardiner Lanier Turnure (1870 - 1935)
  Elizabeth Lanier Turnure Livermore (1892 - 1940)*
  George Evans Turnure (1896 - 1920)
*Calculated relationship
"Sacred to the Memory of GEORGE EVANS TURNURE, JR. Beloved Son of George Evans Turnure and Elizabeth Lanier Turnure. Aviator in the Service of France with the Cigogne Escadrille. Captain in the Air Service of the United States with the Lafayette Escadrille. Chevalier of the Legion of Honor."

[The "Lafayette Flying Corps" consisted of several hundred Americans who were sprinkled among and served in French Squadrons among French pilots before the USA entered the War. The "Lafayette Escadrille" describes the 38 Americans who served France in a French Squadron (consisting of only American pilots) before the USA entered the War. After the USA entered the war, the Lafayette Escadrille was absorbed into the Lafayette Flying Corps which then described all of the Americans who had served France. George flew in the Lafayette Flying Corps for France, and then, after the USA entered the war, he flew with/for the United States.]
Note: American Legion Marker, WW1.
Church On the Hill Cemetery
Berkshire County
Massachusetts, USA
Plot: D / Lot 48
Maintained by: Mark
Originally Created by: Superkentman
Record added: Mar 10, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 18328657
George Evans Turnure, Jr.
Added by: Mark
George Evans Turnure, Jr.
Added by: msimonds
George Evans Turnure, Jr.
Added by: Mark
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Lafayette Flying Corps.
- Mark
 Added: Mar. 4, 2017

- Lafayette Flying Corps
 Added: Jan. 9, 2017

- Camillia
 Added: Aug. 17, 2016
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