Bavaria (Bayern) Germany
|Cemetery notes and/or description:|
The cemetery was created in the Obergiesing district of Munich in 1821 and is still in use today. It's one of the large, non-denominational community cemeteries in Munich. It's 34 hectare in size and contains about 35,000 grave sites. Like any other German cemetery, the "resting periods" are not eternal, but rather 25-50 years. If no-one contributes to the care of the grave, and pays another "resting-period-fee", the grave is leveled and will be re-used. Unless it's a grave of historic significance, and the City of Munich has agreed to keep the site in its original state.
In 1876 the grave yard was officially renamed "Giesinger Friedhof", but by 1900 Giesing had become a part of the growing Bavarian Capital and was renamed München-Ostfriedhof (meaning Eastern Cemetery of Munich). The new crematorium was opened in September of 1929. During the dark period of Nazi-Germany the crematorium was used to dispose the bodies of many prisoners, and some 4000 the Dachau concentration camp victims. After World War II the crematorium was used by the American Military. On October 17, 1946 the remains of 12 German War Criminals (including von Ribbentrop, Göhring, Keitel, Kaltenbrunner, and others), who were just executed a day earlier in Nürnberg, were cremated here, and their ashes tossed into the River Isar in Munich to prevent any kind of grave cult by Neo-Nazis, and others who haven't learned from the atrocities of the Nazis.
The Ostfriedhof München is also the resting place for many celebrities, especially Bavarian actors and artists of the 20th century.
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