City of Canterbury
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The church was founded in the reign of William the Conqueror by Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury, at the end of 11 century. The church is associated with two events. When, on the 18 July, 1174, Henry II rode to Canterbury to do penance for his part in the murder of his one-time friend and Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket, it was here that he paused and changed into penitential garments, before proceeding to the Cathedral. The second event is associated with Sir Thomas More. After he was beheaded on Tower Hill in 1535, his devoted daughter, Margaret (wife of William Roper), obtained the head and, after her death, it was placed in the church. Four hundred years later, in 1935, Sir Thomas More was canonised by the Roman Church, and the Chapel of St Nicholas became a place of pilgrimage.