Jews obtained the right to settle in Landeshut (today's Kamienna Góra) in 1812, and began settling in small numbers in the town. A religious community was founded in 1821, which established this cemetery in 1824. As the Jewish population continued to grow over the next half-century, this graveyard was found to be inadequate. It fell into disuse after a second cemetery was opened 1881, and the Jewish population reached a peak of 177 people. But the community began to decline in the following years, and by 1933 had dwindled to just 74 people. During the Nazi period, persecution drove out most of the remaining Jews, and by 1938 there were only 14 Jews left in the city. It is unknown what became of them during WWII, but they were probably deported and murdered. At this point, the Jewish cemeteries were permanently closed.
Following the war and the transition to Polish administration, this cemetery remained closed due to the absence of a Jewish population. It became seriously neglected and overgrown, and was used as a dumping ground. In 1989, it was entered into the register of monuments. Extensive repairs were carried out by the municipality and local volunteers in 2003 and 2008, and today it is well-maintained, with many preserved monuments with inscriptions in Hebrew and German. Unfortunately, as most are made of sandstone, many have suffered severe erosion that has damaged their legibility.
The New Jewish Cemetery, located on today's ul. Bolka I, was destroyed during the Nazi period, and used as a mass burial site for prisoners from Gross Rosen concentration camp. Few traces of it remain today.
GPS Coordinates: 50.78577, 16.03984
- Added: 22 Jan 2018
- Find A Grave Cemetery: #2659037
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