The Romanian ship S.S. Struma sailed from Constansa under the command of a Bulgarian captain, G.T. Gorbatenkoin, and flying the Panamanian flag.
The Struma was a ship chartered to carry Jewish refugees from Axis-allied Romania to British-controlled Palestine during World War II. On February 23, 1942, with its engine inoperable and its refugee passengers aboard, Turkish authorities towed the ship from Istanbul harbor through the Bosphorus out to the Black Sea, where they abandoned it without food, water, or fuel. Within hours, in the morning of February 24, it was torpedoed and sunk by the Soviet submarine Shch 213, commanded by Lt. Col. Isaev killing 769 men, women and children (Romanian Jews) with only one survivor, a 19 year old man, making it the largest exclusively civilian naval disaster of the war.
May you forever live in Blessed Memory.
- Added: 1 Jan 2011
- Find A Grave Cemetery: #2382821
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