Diderot, Denis [cenotaph] b. October 5, 1713 d. July 31, 1784 French Philosopher, Author. Considered one of the leading exponents of the Enlightenment. Graduated in 1732 at the University of Paris, but devoid of a specialization, he practiced various jobs including that of private tutor. During the following decade he was the promoter and co-author of the "Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers." In 1773, Empress Catherine II invited him to St. Petersburg, and asked him to prepare plans to social reform and of the...[Read More] (Bio by: Lucy Caldarelli) The Pantheon, Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Dumas Sr., Alexandre b. July 24, 1802 d. December 5, 1870 Writer. His grandfather was a French nobleman and his father was a general in Napoleon's army. After his father death in 1806 the family lived in poverty. Alexandre went in 1823 to Paris to find work. Due to his elegant handwriting he secured a position with the Duke d'Orleans - later King Louis Philippe. He also found his place in theater and as a publisher of some obscure magazines. Dumas produced drama. His first drama was "La chasse et L'amour." It gained a huge success and he went on to...[Read More] (Bio by: Jelena) The Pantheon, Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France Plot: Next to Victor Hugo
Eboue, Felix b. December 26, 1884 d. March 17, 1944 Colonial administrator, the first black to become governor of a French colony (Guadeloupe, 1936). Played a major part at de GaulleÕs Brazzaville conference in 1944 which set out the guidelines for eventual independence of French colonies. Entered Pantheon 1949. (Bio by: David Conway) The Pantheon, Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Hugo, Victor b. February 26, 1802 d. May 22, 1885 One of the most powerful and popular authors of 19th-century France, and a champion of republicanism, exiled during the reign of Napoleon III and returned in 1870. Major works include "Notre-Dame" and "Les Miserables", and a large body of poetry. His death, and the spontaneous national mourning which followed, inspired the French government to "reinvent" the Pantheon as a homage to the great men (and, eventually, women) of France. Entered Pantheon 1885. (Bio by: David Conway) The Pantheon, Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France Plot: Crypt XXIV Grave is opposite Emile Zola.
Lannes, Jean b. April 11, 1769 d. May 31, 1809 Duke de Montebello. Took part in the Napoleonic victories of Marengo, Austerlitz, Jena and Friedland, and served in Spain, Russia and Poland with the Grand Armee. A great favourite of Napoleon. Entered Pantheon 1810. (Bio by: David Conway) Cause of death: died in action The Pantheon, Paris, Paris, Ile-de-France, France