Arguelles, Agustin b. 1755 d. 1844 Spanish Statesman. Member of the Spanish Cortes for Oviedo. One of the main writers of the First Spanish Constitution in 1812, and the next Constitution in 1837. He was president of the Spanish Parliament and Home Secretary between 1820-1823. In 1823 he fled the country to England. After his return to Spain he was head of the Spanish Government. (Bio by: Bunny Boiler) Panteon de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Canalejas, Jose b. 1854 d. 1912 Spanish Premier. Became a member of parliament aged twenty-seven and after holding several cabinet posts, he became Premier in 1910. He was a democratic radical who hoped to reform the Liberal party. He planned to curb the power of religious orders and break up large estates. However, he introduced firm measures against labour unrest, which distanced many of his left-wing supporters. His career was cut short when an anarchist assassinated him. (Bio by: Bunny Boiler) Panteon de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Cánovas del Castillo, Antonio b. February 8, 1828 d. August 8, 1897 Spanish Statesman, Author. After being educated in his hometown he moved to Madrid to complete his studies. During this period he published his two best works, a historical novel and a history of the decay of Spain under the house of Austria. He became a politician and entered the Cortes in 1854. He held various positions including minister of the colonies and minister of finance. During Spain’s political crises from 1868 to 1874, he was one of the main advocates for the restoration of the...[Read More] (Bio by: Bunny Boiler) Panteon de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dato e Iradier, Eduardo b. August 12, 1856 d. March 8, 1921 Spanish Prime Minister. Served as Prime Minister of Spain from 1913 to 1915, in 1917, and from 1920 to 1921. He obtained a degree in law in 1875 and opened his law office two years later. He was elected to the Spanish parliament in 1883 and became undersecretary for the Ministry of the Interior in 1892. He held the position of Minister of the Interior and Minister of Justice over the next fifteen years. In 1907, he ran for and won the position of Mayor of Madrid. He was leader of the...[Read More] (Bio by: Bunny Boiler) Panteon de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
De Olozaga, Salustiano b. 1805 d. 1873 Spanish Lawyer and Liberal politician. In 1836 Olozaga was elected Civil Governor of Madrid by Jose Alvarez Mendizabal, and shortly after he was elected Member of the Regional Assembly of Logroño y Madrid. He took on the leadership of the Liberal Government in 1843. He was not able to form a progressive government so he dissolved the Parliament. He was accused of violating the will of Queen Isabel II, who was at the time 13 years old, Olozaga was dismissed and went into exile. Leader of the...[Read More] (Bio by: Bunny Boiler) Panteon de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Martinez de la Rosa, Francisco b. March 10, 1787 d. February 7, 1862 Spain Prime Minister. In 1808 he was elected Head Professor at the University in Granada and was Member of the Liberal Party in the Regional Assembly of Cadiz. He became Spanish Prime Minister in 1822, but a year later he had to flee the country to France. He returned to Spain in 1831 and the following year was again elected Prime Minister, but in 1835 he had to resign and went into exile again. As a writer he was famous for his plays (La conjuracion de Venecia), but also for his poetry and...[Read More] (Bio by: Bunny Boiler) Panteon de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Muñoz-Torrero y Ramirez-Moyano, Diego Francisco b. January 21, 1761 d. March, 1829 Spanish Statesman. In 1810 he was elected member of the Spanish Cortes for Badajoz. His most important contributions were the abolition of the inquisition and being the main writer of the first Spanish Constitution of 1812. He was elected Bishop of Guadix by the government, but Pope Pio VII opposed this so he never practised. When Fernando VII returned to the throne he fled to Portugal, where he was imprisoned, and later died. (Bio by: Bunny Boiler) Panteon de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Sagasta, Práxedes Mateo b. 1825 d. 1903 Spanish Statesman. He took an active role in government during the turbulent years of revolution in Spain. In 1868 he led, with Juan Prim, the revolution that resulted in Queen Isabel II deposition. He served as premier, 1871-72, under King Amadeus and as cabinet minister under the first Spanish republic but retired after the restoration, in 1875, of Alfonso XII. In 1880 the Liberal party was founded under his leadership, and Sagasta alternated in power with Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, the...[Read More] (Bio by: Bunny Boiler) Panteon de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid, Madrid, Spain Plot: Tomb 4.