CIVIL WAR~ALTON ILLINOIS Confederate Cemetery Illinois Rozier Street North Alton Madison County Illinois A Virtual Cemetery created by: Scrappy
Description: Confederate CemeteryAlso known as: Military Burial Grounds for Alt, North Alton Confederate Cemetery, Small Pox IslandRozier StreetNorth AltonMadison CountyIllinois USAAlton, Madison County, Illinois and Rock Island CemeteryALABAMA SOLDIERS BURIED HEREALTON CIVIL WAR PRISON http://www.censusdiggins.com/prison_alton.html#Search%20for%20Confederate%20Soldiers%20who%20died%20at%20Alton%20........Prisonlton Civil War Prison was established February 9, 1862 when the first Confederate prisoners were delivered there. The prison was housed in the abandoned Illinois State Penitentiary built in 1831 and located near the Mississippi River in Alton Illinois......... The prison was built in the style of a fortress, made of stone with walls 30 feet high. Initially the prison held 24 cells. Overcrowding!..... Through modern archeology digs, the size of these cells has been determined to be 4 feet wide by 7 feet 4 inches long. Reports indicate there were 3 men in each cell! .......During the 3 years of use during the Civil War, almost 12,000 Confederate soldiers were incarcerated at Alton Prison....... Disease, scurvy, fever and general malnutrition plagued the prisoners but it was the dreaded smallpox which killed 6-10 prisoners per day during an outbreak in Alton Prison. The smallpox epidemic became so bad that prisoners were sent to a quarantine hospital on an island across the Mississippi River...... The exact death toll is not known but reports estimate 1500-2200 Confederate soldiers died within the walls of this infamous military prison. Due to neglect of the old cemetery, all graves of those who died at Alton Prison are unidentifiable. There is a monument, however, erected by the U.S. Government. The granite monument is 40 feet tall surrounded by an iron fence. Bronze plaques adorn the monument and are engraved with names and military units of all known Confederates who found their final resting place in the cemetery at Alton. Inscribed on one of the monument plaques: "Erected by the United States to mark the burial place of 1354 Confederate Soldiers who died here and at the Smallpox Hospital on the adjacent island while prisoners of war and whose graves cannot now be identified"