Description: The Shot at Dawn Memorial [Find A Grave Memorial# 15885719]is at the National Memorial Arboretum near Alrewas, in Staffordshire, UK in memory of the 306 British and Commonwealth soldiers executed after courts-martial for cowardice and desertion during World War I.The real usual cause for their offences has been re-attributed in modern times to post-traumatic stress syndrome and combat stress reaction. Soldiers accused of cowardice were often not given fair trials; they were often not properly defended, and some were under age.Another perspective is that the decisions to execute were taken in the heat of war when the commander's job was to keep the army together and fighting.The families of these victims often carried the stigma of the label of "coward". Another side to this form of "justice" is the lasting emotional pain caused to those who were in the firing squads, shooting the "deserters".Britain was one of the last countries to still dishonour these victims of shell shock.Prime Minister John Major emphasised this in 1993 when he told the Commons that pardoning the 'deserters' would be an insult to those who died honourably on the battlefield and that everyone was tried fairly.However, in 2007, the Armed Forces Act 2006 was passed allowing the soldiers to be pardoned, although section 359(4) of the act states that the pardon "does not affect any conviction or sentence."The memorial portrays a young British soldier blindfolded and tied to a stake ready to be shot by a firing squad. The memorial was modelled on the likeness of 17-year-old Private Herbert Burden, who lied about his age to enlist in the armed forces and was later shot for desertion.