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USS Congress (1841)
A Virtual Cemetery created by: Rubbings
Description: USS Congress (1841) — the fourth United States Navy ship to carry that name — was a sailing frigate, like her predecessor, USS Congress (1799).Congress served with distinction in the Mediterranean, South Atlantic Ocean, and in the Pacific Ocean. She continued to operate as an American warship until the American Civil War, where she was sunk by the ironclad CSS Virginia in battle off Newport News, Virginia.The frigate was launched at the Portsmouth Navy Yard on 16 August 1841 and placed in commission under Captain Philip Voorhees on 7 May 1842.Mediterranean and South Atlantic Ocean operationsHer first cruise — starting on 15 July — took her to the Mediterranean for service with the Squadron of Commodores Charles W. Morgan and Charles Morris. In December 1843, she proceeded to the east coast of South America, seizing the Buenos Aires naval squadron blockading Montevideo on 29 September 1844, where she was active until January 1845 in safeguarding U.S. trade.She was placed in ordinary at Norfolk, Virginia in March.[edit] Mexican-American War operationsCongress was recommissioned on 15 September 1845, as flagship of Cmdre. Robert F. Stockton and sailed for the Pacific Ocean in late October. After landing the U.S. Commissioner to the Sandwich Islands at Honolulu, Hawaii on 10 June, she proceeded to Monterey Bay where she joined the Pacific Squadron. Capt. Elie A. F. La Vallette assumed command on 20 July employing her along the west coast during the Mexican-American War.Large detachments of her crew participated in battles on Rio San Gabriel and the plains of La Mesa, and in the occupation of Los Angeles. She assisted in the bombardment and capture of Guaymas in October 1847, and in November furnished a detachment which aided in the occupation of Mazatlán. On 23 August 1848, she departed La Paz, Baja California Sur for Norfolk, Virginia, arriving the following January to be placed in ordinary.[edit] Suppressing the slave tradeIn May 1850, she was assigned a threefold mission; protect U.S. interests between the mouth of the Amazon and Cape Horn, prevent the use of the American flag to cover the African slave trade, and maintain neutral rights during hostilities among the South American countries.Departing Hampton Roads, Virginia on 12 June, she arrived at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on 1 September and assumed duty as flagship of the Brazil Squadron under Cmdre. Issac McKeever until June 1853. She returned to New York City on 20 July for decommissioning.[edit] Mediterranean operationsOn 19 June 1855, Congress sailed for the Mediterranean and there followed two years as flagship of Cmdre. Samuel Livingston Breese. Sailing from Spezia, Italy on 26 November 1857, she arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 13 January 1858, and was placed out of commission.In 1859, Congress was reassigned as flagship of Cmdre. Joshua R. Sands and the Brazil Squadron, remaining in that area until the Civil War precipitated her return to Boston, Massachusetts on 22 August 1861.[edit] American Civil War serviceOn 9 September 1861, she was ordered to duty under command of Capt. Louis M. Goldsborough in the Atlantic Blockading Squadron, later to serve under commanding officer W. Smith, and executive officer Lieutenant Joseph B. Smith.Congress was anchored off Newport News, Virginia, as part of the blockade of that port on 8 March 1862, when she fell under attack by the Confederate ironclad, CSS Virginia (ex-USS Merrimack) and five other small ships. After exchanging broadsides with Virginia, Congress slipped her moorings and ran aground in shallow water.The ironclad and her consorts attacked from a distance and inflicted great damage on the ship, killing 120, including the commanding officer, W. Smith. Ablaze in several places and unable to bring guns to bear on the enemy, Congress was forced to strike her colors and raise a white flag.[1] Heavy shore batteries prevented Virginia from taking possession. Instead she fired several rounds of hot shot (red-hot cannon balls) and incendiary causing Congress to burn to the water's edge, and her magazine to explode. Lt. Smith — having been in command at the time — died in the action. Eventually, during, the battle, the Congress sank by the stern to her watery grave.[edit] Hulk raised and soldIn September 1865, Congress was raised and taken to the Norfolk Navy Yard where she was later sold. She later was stripped for the valuable wood and metal near her mast. The sails later were used to make a flag in memory of the ship.
Records 1 to 21 (of 21 total matches)
Name Cemetery
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Accardi, Salvador 89387101
b. unknown d. Nov. 15, 1861
No cemetery
Click name for details
Allen, Webber John 18144940
b. 1843 d. Dec. 5, 1902
Saint Johns Cemetery
Middletown
Middlesex County
Connecticut, USA
Anderer, Wendelin 3076166
b. unknown d. Jun. 15, 1904
Hampton National Cemetery
Hampton
Hampton city
Virginia, USA
Anderson, Capt Hans A 87984368
b. Jul. 19, 1824 d. Apr. 20, 1909
The Evergreens Cemetery
Brooklyn
Kings County (Brooklyn)
New York, USA
Arthur, Lieut Elliott J. 18003496
b. unknown d. Jan. 26, 1886
Lakeview Cemetery
Burlington
Chittenden County
Vermont, USA
Bartell, SMN Joshua 86306688
b. 1814 d. Apr. 14, 1888
Mount Moriah Cemetery
Philadelphia
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA
Breese, Samuel Livingston 6075635
b. Aug. 6, 1794 d. Dec. 17, 1870
Forest Hill Cemetery
Utica
Oneida County
New York, USA
Bushnell, John 95511668
b. unknown d. Mar. 8, 1862
No cemetery
Click name for details
Cotte, SMN Lewis 14790527
b. unknown d. Feb. 29, 1888
Hackensack Cemetery
Hackensack
Bergen County
New Jersey, USA
Goldsborough, Louis Malesherbes 6812929
b. Feb. 18, 1805 d. Feb. 20, 1877
Saint James the Less Epis...
Philadelphia
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA
Henry, Peter 85004135
b. 1787 d. Apr. 4, 1862
Mount Moriah Cemetery
Philadelphia
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA
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Humphreys, Joshua 8186540
b. Jun. 17, 1751 d. Jan. 12, 1838
Old Haverford Friends Mee...
Havertown
Delaware County
Pennsylvania, USA
Jeffers, William Nicholson 14010823
b. Oct. 16, 1824 d. Jul. 23, 1883
United States Naval Acade...
Annapolis
Anne Arundel County
Maryland, USA
Lavallette, Elie Augustus Frederick 28554087
b. May 21, 1790 d. Nov. 18, 1862
Laurel Hill Cemetery
Philadelphia
Philadelphia County
Pennsylvania, USA
McKeever, Isaac 5045
b. Apr. 4, 1791 d. Apr. 1, 1856
Green-Wood Cemetery
Brooklyn
Kings County (Brooklyn)
New York, USA
Porter, Adm David Dixon 3775
b. Jun. 8, 1813 d. Feb. 13, 1891
Arlington National Cemete...
Arlington
Arlington County
Virginia, USA
Rhodes, William 94857748
b. unknown d. Mar. 9, 1862
No cemetery
Click name for details
Sands, Joshua Ratoon 3921
b. May 13, 1795 d. Oct. 2, 1883
Green-Wood Cemetery
Brooklyn
Kings County (Brooklyn)
New York, USA
Smith, Lieut Joseph Bryant 37281180
b. Dec. 29, 1826 d. Mar. 8, 1862
Oak Hill Cemetery
Washington
District of Columbia
District Of Columbia, USA
Stockton, Robert Field 4462
b. Aug. 20, 1795 d. Oct. 7, 1866
Princeton Cemetery
Princeton
Mercer County
New Jersey, USA
Voorhees, Como Philip Falkerson 64466181
b. Feb. 23, 1792 d. Feb. 23, 1862
Saint Anne's Cemetery
Annapolis
Anne Arundel County
Maryland, USA
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