|cabinet photo of Hans A. Anderson (1824-1912)in GAR uniform, probably close to turn of the century. Verso with label Seaman Anderson member of the Monitor in fight with Merrimac. Folder with the photo includes photocopies of Anderson's biography from the report filed by Irwin M. Berent with NOAA by the Underwater Archaeology Unit, Department of Cultural Resources, State of North Carolina. The report contains whatever biographical information is available for all USS Monitor crewmen, but only Anderson's and adjacent pages are included here. Folder also contains Anderson's records from NARA, including pension papers and disability requests, plus widow's pension papers.|
Born in Sweden, Anderson took to the sea as a young man, somewhere about 1845 or 1846. In 1847 he immigrated to the U.S. and became a Merchant Marine from 1852-1856. He then enlisted in the U.S. Navy, serving two 3-year terms. He was discharged in Jan. 1862, but he had seen the Monitor over Christmas, and by Feb. 1862 had reenlisted to serve on the "cheese-box on a raft." The report describes the subsequent fight with the CSS Merrimac, and Anderson's later exploits, including being "Shanghaied" while on shore leave in NY City. He apparently consumed a drugged beer, and when he woke he was at sea on an unnamed ship with people who spoke an unfamiliar language. When they landed in England, Anderson went straight to the U.S. Consulate to try to return to the US. He did, and served until Jan. 1865 on various other ships. All of his pension papers and surgeon's examinations emphasized his service on the Monitor. By his death in 1912, he was the last survivor of that crew.
Condition: Minor soil. It was apparently mounted in something and there is some tape residue on verso at top edge. Otherwise very good or better condition (gilt around border not worn, corners not bumped).