|Isaac Leopold Rice (February 22, 1850 in Wachenheim, Bavaria – November 2, 1915) was a U.S. inventor and a chess patron and author.|
"Born in Germany, Rice emigrated to the United States in the second half of the 19th century to the USA. He was educated at the Central High School in Philadelphia. He graduated in 1880 from Columbia Law School with the degree of LL.B. In 1902 he received from Bates College the degree of LL.D. He practiced as an attorney specializing in corporate law and patents.
In 1899 Rice founded the Electric Boat Company in order to build to completion John Philip Holland's designs for the first United States Navy submarine, the "Holland VI". The Holland VI was purchased by the United States government on 11 April 1900 and commissioned for Navy service 12 October 1900 with the initial designation of USS Holland and the subsequent designation of SS-1. This was the United States Navy's first submarine. This pioneering submarine was the catalyst in the creation of the Electric Boat Company founded on 7 February 1899. During World War I, Rice's company (Electric Boat) and its subsidiaries built 85 Navy submarines and 722 submarine chasers. Electric Boat is the parent company to General Dynamics Corporation and is this company's "Cold War" progeny.
Rice married Julia Hyneman Barnett (#27670337) in 1885. They six children: Muriel (#27670340), Dorothy (#27670348), Isaac Leopold Jr., Marion, Marjorie and Julian.
An enthusiastic chess player, Rice invented the "Rice Gambit" and sponsored tournaments where the opening became the starting point of each game. Emanuel Lasker and Mikhail Chigorin were two of many players who contested these tournaments, with bonus prizes for white wins. In 1904 he formed the Rice Gambit Association which published a detailed analysis of the effects of the move."
Rice worked with railroads, both as counsel and director, then founded the Forum Publishing Co. He became connected with the Electric Storage Battery Co., being chosen its president in 1897. He then became a founder of the electric automobile and electric boat industries in America. His name is also linked to the manufacture of the first electric refrigerators and first dried milk products.
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