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|Jason Kirk||James Preston Kirk|
I got a photo of the grave of James Kirk you requested. I tried to post it but the photo is too large. I will try to make it smaller and repost another day. Give me your email and I will send it to you. I am related to all the Kirks in this cemetery and have a paper I wrote on the cemetery. How are you related to James Preston Kirk?
|Kevin Frye||RE: Andersonville|
Visit my website for more information about Andersonville than you will ever require and for other services and items I have to offer.
|Kevin Frye||RE: Andersonville|
Actually whom ever put Edwards photo and details on his memorial page did not include the complete record.
Code No: 14171
Grave No: 4171
Last Name: Cook
First Name: Edward H
Branch Of Service : Cavalry
Date of Death: 8/5/1864
Cause of Death: Anasarca
Remarks* Sent to Andersonville June 24, 1864.
Reference: E. H. COOK ; p 67 , 7th West Virginia Cavalry: 48
Place Captured: Jackson River, Virginia
Date Captured: 12/19/1863
Alternate Names: Crook
Status: Died at Andersonville
Muster date: 12/17/1861
Age at Muster: 17
More Information Available : NO
2 = Headstones of Andersonville National Cemetery; March 1990.
3 = List of Union Soldiers Buried at Andersonville; Dorence Atwater, 1865.
I have been a long time Volunteer Historian for the Park Service for 14 years. Long story but I no longer volunteer for the NPS but I still help Andersonville researchers online.
Several months ago I took on the task of photographing the more than 14000 graves of Union soldiers at Andersonville which include more than 900 who were brought to Andersonville National Cemetery following the war. I have all of these photos on disk which helps me help others in super quick time.
If you have any questions about Andersonville, please let me know. My website is www.angelfire.com/ga2/Andersonvilleprison/
Two of the most common questions I hear in the cemetery are " Because the headstones are so close together, are they symbolic or the actual graves? " and " How do they know who is buried where?"
There was a fellow prisoner names Dorence Atwater who was a close friend of the first one who died ( Adam Swarner ) and he volunteered to keep the records. He wanted to make sure that those who died here were remembered and so the families would know the fate and burial place of their loved ones. When the dead were brought out of the stockade to the " Deadhouse" they were brought by friends who knew them. They would report what was known about the dead man such as name, State, Regiment, date of death, cause, etc. Atwater recorded them numerically and attached a tag to the body which matched the number in the records. The dead then were taken to the cemetery where the first dozen were buried in pine boxes, however since the numbers dying each day was growing so fast, and limited resources, the dead were stripped naked so the living could use what the dead no longer needed. The bodies were then laid in trench type graves dug 4 feet deep and long enough for 150 to 200 bodies and shoulder to shoulder without coffins.
With the lack of resources to make grave markers, there was a small post placed at the head of each grave with a number carved into it. This number matched the one on the body tag, which matched Atwaters records.
When Dorence Atwater and Miss Clara Barton returned after the war to establish the new National Cemetery in July 1865, they simply had to match the numbers on the post with the copy of the list that Atwater smuggled out when he was exchanged. This way, the identified graves show exactly who is buried where. The post were replaced with wooden headboards.
In 1878, the wooden boards were replaced by the first set of stones which were plain smooth stones with the name and grave number.
in 1898 when the US Government finally got around to establishing a standard grave marker for Union soldiers, there were new stones placed in 1898-1899 to replace the first stones. These stones now are the ones that mark the graves. So you see, each time the replaced the marker with a new one, it was easy enough to know who was buried where. Those who are buried as unknown will remain as such because there will be no way for anyone but God to know who lies beneath the unknown stones.
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