|Richard H. L. Chichester, III||Gen. John Tyler #6162328|
GENERAL JOHN TYLER (James), born in Preston, Conn. (now Griswold), December 29, 1721; died there July 29, 1804; married, December 14, 1742, Mary (Spalding) Coit, born in Plainfield, Conn., July 7, 1716; died November 11, 1801; daughter of Thomas and Mercy (or Mary) (Welch) Spalding, and great-granddaughter of Edward Spalding, of Chelmsford, Mass., the first settler of the name in New England; widow of Joseph Coit, who died July 21, 1741; son of Rev. Joseph and Experience (Wheeler) Coit, of Plainfield; by this marriage she had two daughters, Elizabeth and Mary.
General Tyler's services in the Colonial and Revolutionary wars were varied. He was appointed lieutenant of the 3rd company or train band of the town of Preston, his commission being signed October 30, 1752, by Governor Roger Wolcott. In the campaigns of 1756, 1759, 1760 and 1764 he was successively appointed lieutenant, captain-lieutenant, and captain in various companies and regiments which were raised to defend the country against the French and Indians. His commissions were signed by Governor Fitch. In the last campaign he was under Lieutenant-Colonel Israel Putnam. When the Revolutionary War broke out he was commissioned, May 1, 1775, as lieutenant-colonel of the 6th regiment, his commission being signed by Governor Jonathan Trumbull; he was also captain of the 2nd company, recruited from New London, Hartford and Middlesex counties. He remained on duty in New London until June 17, 1775, when the troops were ordered to the Boston camp. In 1776, he was appointed colonel of the 10th regiment of the Continental army. After the siege of Boston, at which he was present in General Spencer's brigade, he went to New York with his regiment. He succeeded Gurdon Saltonstall as brigadier-general of the 3rd brigade of militia, June 5, 1777, and served in that capacity in Rhode Island on state alarms under General Sullivan and engaged in the attempt to dislodge the British from Newport, in 1778, and was at the battle of Long Island, August 29, 1778. During the New Haven alarm in 1779, he commanded the militia along the east coast of New Haven, and during a part of that year was at New London and Groton. When the Revolutionary army was disbanded the soldiers could not get their pay, nor had they for a long time received any; there is a tradition that General Tyler used his own money and paid off his soldiers. At the close of the war he returned to his old home in Preston (now Griswold), where his old house is still standing, in 1907. He lived for 21 years after the war. He began a career in the General Assembly of Connecticut at the age of 35, and served as follows: 1756, 1758, 1759, 1763, 1767, 1770, 1773, 1774, 1775, 1783, 1787. He was also justice for five consecutive years following 1773, in and for the county of New London. General Tyler's tomb is in the old cemetery at Griswold, he having bought a right in the Wheeler and Coit tomb. The inventory of his estate was $20,220.81. His children were born in North Preston. His will was dated April 25, 1798, and the codicil (after his wife's death), November 20, 1801.
1. Mehitable Tyler, born Oct. 18, 1743, m. John Coit.
2. James Tyler, born May 18, 1746; died Sept. 4, 1750.
3. John Tyler, born April 30, 1748; died May 19, 1752.
4. Abigail Tyler, born July 23, 1750; died April 19,1789; married Captain Nathaniel Lord, of North Preston, who died June 30, 1806; they had a family, their oldest son, Hezekiah, being named in his grandfather's will.
5. Olive Tyler, born March 22, 1752, m. Daniel Coit, born Jan. 28, 1757.
6. John Tyler, born July 22, 1755, died April 6, 1836.
7. Lydia Tyler, born Oct. 5, 1758, m. Gen. Samuel Mott, b. Oct. 31, 1736.
~The Tyler Genealogy: The Descendants of Job Tyler, of Andover, Massachusetts, 1619-1700, Volume 1; Willard Irving Tyler Brigham; C. B. Tyler, 1912.