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Brenda Howard (#47330759)
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Bio Photo What is a First Cousin, Twice Removed?
by Genealogy.com
If someone walked up to you and said "Howdy, I'm your third cousin, twice removed," would you have any idea what they meant? Most people have a good understanding of basic relationship words such as "mother," "father," "aunt," "uncle," "brother," and "sister." But what about the relationship terms that we don't use in everyday speech? Terms like "second cousin" and "first cousin, once removed"? We don't tend to speak about our relationships in such exact terms ("cousin" seems good enough when you are introducing one person to another), so most of us aren't familiar with what these words mean.

Relationship Terms

Sometimes, especially when working on your family history, it's handy to know how to describe your family relationships more exactly. The definitions below should help you out.

Cousin (a.k.a "first cousin")
Your first cousins are the people in your family who have two of the same grandparents as you. In other words, they are the children of your aunts and uncles.

Second Cousin
Your second cousins are the people in your family who have the same great-grandparents as you., but not the same grandparents.

Third, Fourth, and Fifth Cousins
Your third cousins have the same great-great-grandparents, fourth cousins have the same great-great-great-grandparents, and so on.

Removed
When the word "removed" is used to describe a relationship, it indicates that the two people are from different generations. You and your first cousins are in the same generation (two generations younger than your grandparents), so the word "removed" is not used to describe your relationship.

The words "once removed" mean that there is a difference of one generation. For example, your mother's first cousin is your first cousin, once removed. This is because your mother's first cousin is one generation younger than your grandparents and you are two generations younger than your grandparents. This one-generation difference equals "once removed."

Twice removed means that there is a two-generation difference. You are two generations younger than a first cousin of your grandmother, so you and your grandmother's first cousin are first cousins, twice removed.

Relationship Charts Simplify Everything

Now that you have an idea of what these different words mean, take a look at the chart below. It's called a relationship chart, and it can help you figure out how different people in your family are related. It's much simpler than it looks, just follow the instructions.

Instructions for Using a Relationship Chart

Pick two people in your family and figure out which ancestor they have in common. For example, if you chose yourself and a cousin, you would have a grandparent in common.
Look at the top row of the chart and find the first person's relationship to the common ancestor.
Look at the far left column of the chart and find the second person's relationship to the common ancestor.
Determine where the row and column containing those two relationships meet.
Common
Ancestor Child Grandchild G-grandchild G-g-grandchild
Child Sister or Brother Nephew or Niece Grand-nephew or niece G-grand-nephew or niece
Grandchild Nephew or Niece First cousin First cousin, once removed First cousin, twice removed
G-grandchild Grand-nephew or niece First cousin, once removed Second cousin Second cousin, once removed
G-g-grandchild G-grand-nephew or niece First cousin, twice removed Second cousin, once removed Third cousin
Just When You Thought You Had it

When you are working with older records, be aware that the meaning of the word "cousin," along with the meanings of other relationship terms, have changed over time. The Glossary section of the Learning Center can help you with any confusing relationship terms, including those in Latin.

About the Author
This article was written by Genealogy.com staff.
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Messages left for Brenda Howard (211)[Leave Message]
Judy K. Brantley/Wilson
Nanneita Peacock
I no longer have the copy of the death certificate. Please...when you want something changed, be kind enough to send the information rather than me trying to figure it out from a vague correction. Thanks.
Added by Judy K. Brantley/Wilson on Apr 14, 2014 5:10 PM
Karen Knapp Rost
Lottie Jones
Would you like for me to transfer Lottie Jones to you?

Karen
Added by Karen Knapp Rost on Apr 10, 2014 2:04 PM
LADONNA GREER COLLETT
Allie Smith Curry
Hi,linked her to parents. is she family ? Don't mind transfers.
LaDonna
Added by LADONNA GREER COLLETT on Apr 05, 2014 3:14 PM
Crissy
RE: Sophia Cull
Your very welcome :)
Added by Crissy on Apr 01, 2014 1:29 PM
Holly Bonorden Jentsch
RE: Find A Grave Memorial# 11444415
Oops, got your message but not sure if you got my response. I also email 'support' about transferring his memorial to the correct cemetery, although they did tell me that there is nothing they can do about the creator being deceased. I know they can move it but I don't think they will transfer it. YOu might have luck in that area if you can prove you are a relative.
Added by Holly Bonorden Jentsch on Mar 27, 2014 9:19 PM
NWMGS
RE: Virgil Ford
You are very welcome!
Added by NWMGS on Mar 27, 2014 7:55 PM
Willie Alexander
Ellis&Bea Hogue
Hi Cuzn; Just thought I would mention that Ellis & Bea got married in Miller County,Arkansas on 30 Sept. 1944 and not in Harris Co,Tx. On the LDS site you can view the record in Arkansas Marriages.
Added by Willie Alexander on Mar 25, 2014 11:35 AM
TLH
Reece Alexander photo request
Hi, the volunteers would be happy to fill your photo request however we will need a burial location to do so. Can you please contact Laurel Land and get a burial location for your request.

The number is 214 371 1336 or to contact them and have them email you the locations, the link to their website to fill out the form is: http://www.laurellanddallas.com/home/contact_us.html

They are good about responding to the email request! There are over 16 photo requests currently and the volunteers cannot ask for that many locations to fill requests. With a location, your request will get filled pretty quickly. Thanks for your help
Added by TLH on Mar 22, 2014 12:47 PM
Lisa Doscher
RE: Loma Bowen
Hi,
I haven't given up looking. It has been very cold and wet here, so I have not been out to the cemeteries as much. Once it warms up I will give it another go. :)
Added by Lisa Doscher on Mar 22, 2014 8:27 AM
Jackie London
Mary Harvey
I have searched the stated location for her burial and have been unable to find a headstone. Will continue to look some more but she is in an area that is almost all unmarked graves.
Added by Jackie London on Mar 14, 2014 4:37 PM
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