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Pvt William B Armstrong
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Birth: 1814
Perry County
Ohio, USA
Death: Dec. 3, 1862
Davidson County
Tennessee, USA

Private WILLIAM B. ARMSTRONG, Co. E, 86th Illinois

William B. Armstrong was born on __________ __, 18__ (c. 1814) at ___________, Ohio in Perry County, the son of __________ Armstrong and __________ (__________) Armstrong.
William is believed to have come west, where he settled in or near Peoria County, Illinois, sometime before 1840.
William was married to Elizabeth Welch on __________ __, 184__ probably in the early 1840's in Illinois. Elizabeth was born on July 6, 1820 at __________, Kentucky, the daughter of Daniel Welch ad Matilda (Hammett) Welch. Daniel Welch was born about 1793, while Matilda was born on April 29, 1798. Daniel died on July 8, 1840, while Matilda died on May 30, 1851. Their earthly remains were laid to rest in the Hammett Cemetery in Peoria County.
Eight children are known to have been born to William and Elizabeth. They are;
1. George Armstrong, born Nov. 20, 1843 in Illinois; George was married to Nettie ___________ c. 1878 in __________, Kansas; They are known to have had one child, Ora G. Armstrong, who married _________ Curry; George died in Umatilla County, Oregon on February 18, 1905; buried in the Olney Cemetery.
2. Sarah Armstrong, born c. 1844 in Illinois; she may be the Sarah Jane Armstrong who was married to Eekanah Pugh in Peoria County, Illinois on September 4, 1860; Interestingly, there is a Sarah J. Pugh living in North Salem, Marion County, Oregon, that is married to a Siles G. Pugh. This Sarah was born in Illinois c. 1842; Sarah is known to have died before 1900.
3. Ellen Armstrong, born c. 1847 in Illinois; known to have died before the 1900 census.
4. John Harvey Armstrong, born c. 1849 in Illinois; John died in Umatilla County, Oregon on July 13, 1923; buried in the Olney Cemetery.
5. William Armstrong, born c. 1852 in Illinois; William may be the William R. Armstrong who was born in 1853 and who died in October of 1880 and who is buried in the Thompson Cemetery, Blue Rapids, Marshall County, Kansas.
6. L________ S. Armstrong, born c. 1853 in Illinois; known to have died before 1880.
7. Lewis Douglas Armstrong, born July 6, 1854 in Illinois; Died in Umatilla County, Oregon on September 19, 1910; buried in the Olney Cemetery.
8. Daniel "Dan" Armstrong, born c. 1859 in Illinois; Daniel is not listed with the family in 1870, so he most likely died sometime between 1860 and 1870.

The Armstrong family is found residing in Steuben Township, Marshall County, Illinois at the time of the 1860 census. William is listed as a Carpenter. On August 15, 1862, William B. Armstrong volunteered to serve in a company which was being raised in Marshall, Stark and Bureau Counties by a local well known farmer by the name of Orlando Fountain for service in the Union Army during the Civil War. At the time he enlisted, William gave his place of residence as Steuben Township, Marshall County, Illinois. His age is not listed in the Adjutant General's Reports, so he either asked that his age not be recorded or whoever was recording this information, did not feel he should or for some reason chose not to ask.

Rank PVT Company E Unit 86 IL US INF

Personal Characteristics
Residence STEUBEN, MARSHALL CO, IL Age N/A Height 6' 1/2 Hair DARK
Eyes HAZEL Complexion FAIR Marital Status MARRIED Occupation FARMER
Nativity PERRY CO, OH

Service Record
Joined When N/A Joined Where N/A
Joined By Whom N/A Period N/A
Muster In N/A Muster In Where N/A
Muster In By Whom N/A Muster Out N/A
Muster Out Where N/A Muster Out By Whom N/A

William was at least 47 at this time and may very well have been 48. There were only five men in the entire company who were 40 or older and Malchi Grove, who was elected to serve as Co. E's 1st Lieutenant, was next oldest at 42 years of age.
When Orlando Fountain had about 100 volunteers, he led the company on a march into Peoria, Illinois, where they went into camp at Camp Lyon, near present day Glen Oak Park.
On August 27, 1862, Fountain and 88 of his volunteers, including now Private William B. Armstrong, were mustered in as Co. E of the 86th Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Fountain was elected by the men of Co. E to be their Captain.
On September 7, 1862, the men of the 85th & 86th Illinois marched out of the gates of Camp Lyon, with much fanfare, through the streets of Peoria to the railroad depot, where they boarded a train bound for Camp Joe Holt in Jeffersonville, Indiana, across the Ohio River from Louisville, Kentucky. Three weeks later the men of the 85th & 86th Illinois were in the field in Kentucky as part of Colonel Daniel McCook's Brigade in pursuit of Confederate troops.
On Oct. 8, 1862, the men of McCook's Brigade were engaged with those Confederate troops in the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, suffering their first casualties. There would be many more in the next few years. After the Battle of Perryville, the Confederate troops withdrew from Kentucky and the men of McCook's Brigade marched on to Nashville, Tennessee, where they would go into winter camp.
Even before the men of McCook's Brigade had left Camp Joe Holt back in Indiana, the green troops were already having health issues from the change in diet and living conditions. Many were left behind sick in Army Hospitals in Louisville when McCook's Brigade went on the Kentucky Campaign. After the Battle of Perryville, the men of McCook's Brigade passed through and spent several days in Gallatin, Tennessee on their way to Nashville. Many more were left behind sick in Army Hospitals in Gallatin, when the men of McCook's Brigade moved on toward Nashville.
The men of McCook's Brigade marched into Nashville on November 7, 1862 and they set up their first camp in Edgefield, Tennessee on the outskirts of Nashville. Private William B. Armstrong, one of the oldest men in Co. B, may have already been having some health issues when they marched into Nashville. After they reached Nashville, his condition really did begin to get bad and he was soon sent to an Army Hospital in Nashville. During the latter days of November of 1862, his condition really began to deteriorate and on December 3, 1862, Private William B. Armstrong died in an Army Hospital in Nashville.
The earthly remains of Private William B. Armstrong were initially laid to rest in a Union Army burying ground near the hospital, but shortly after the war, his earthly remains were exhumed and re-interred in the Nashville National Cemetery. Today his earthly remains lie buried Section A, Grave # 5118 in the Nashville National Cemetery.
After her husband's death and sometime before 1870, Elizabeth (Welch) Armstrong, moved the family to Marshall County, Kansas along with Benjamin Hammett, Josiah Hammett and their families. They are found there at the time of the 1870 census. At the time of the 1880 census, Elizabeth and at least four of her sons are still found in Elm Creek, Marshall County, Kansas. Elizabeth is listed as being 60 years of age and two of her sons, William, age 27, and Lewis, age 23, reside with her. George resides nearby with his wife, Nettie, age 19, their daughter, Ora, age 7 months, and George's brother, John, age 30. All of the boys, except for George, are still single. Sometime before 1900, Elizabeth (Welch) Armstrong has moved on west with her three living sons, where they have settled in Pendleton, Umatilla County, Oregon.
Elizabeth (Welch) Armstrong died on July 4, 1911 in Umatilla County, Oregon. Her earthly remains were laid to rest in the Olney Cemetery, where two of her sons were already buried. One more would be buried there later.

by Baxter B. Fite III and Angela Stewart

(Baxter would enjoy hearing from anyone, especially descendants of the Armstrong family, who might be able to add to the biographical material that we have on William B. Armstrong and the Armstrong family. Baxter would also love to see any pictures that may still exist of William B. Armstrong, especially any showing him in uniform from his days in the service, added to his Find A Grave and for the local Historical Societies.)

Family links: 
  Elizabeth Armstrong (1820 - 1911)
  George C Armstrong (1843 - 1905)*
*Calculated relationship
Nashville National Cemetery
Davidson County
Tennessee, USA
Plot: A, 5118
Maintained by: Baxter B. Fite III
Originally Created by: US Veterans Affairs Offi...
Record added: Mar 04, 2000
Find A Grave Memorial# 3180398
Pvt William B Armstrong
Added by: Kathleen Fleury Bilbrey
Pvt William B Armstrong
Added by: Kathleen Fleury Bilbrey
Pvt William B Armstrong
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Evening Blues
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- Kathleen Fleury Bilbrey
 Added: Oct. 24, 2015

- Kathleen Fleury Bilbrey
 Added: Feb. 20, 2011

- Kathleen Fleury Bilbrey
 Added: Jul. 2, 2010
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