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Harry Cornwall Wheeler
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Birth: Jul. 23, 1875
Jacksonville
Duval County
Florida, USA
Death: Dec. 17, 1925

Death Certificate indicates birth: July 26, 1875, Born: Jacksonville, Florida, Father: William Wheeler, Mother: Ann Potter, Undertaker: Palace Undertaking Company, Bisbee, Arizona.

The son of a military man, Harry Wheeler grew up on a series of army posts on the western frontier. He enlisted in the army, fought in the Spanish American War as a Rough Rider, and was transferred to the Arizona Territory where he received a medical discharge after being kicked by a horse. He worked briefly as a miner in Tombstone, then signed on with the Arizona Rangers. Lauded for his marksmanship, dedication, leadership and administrative capabilities, he quickly ascended through the ranks, becoming captain in 1907. During the 1907 Bisbee strike, he protected striking workers from company thugs, earning the reputation as a friend of labor. Two years later, the Rangers were abolished and Wheeler was appointed Deputy Sheriff of Cochise County; he then ran successfully for Sheriff and served three successive terms.

In 1917, during another strike at the Bisbee mines, he deputized and armed two thousand citizens, and sent them out at dawn to arrest striking miners and sympathizers, and march them to the Warren ballpark. He supervised the proceedings with a loaded 7.62 mm. machine gun in an open touring car. 1,185 miners were loaded into cattle cars and taken to the New Mexico desert where they were abandoned. Wheeler took responsibility for the deportation, although he was acting on instructions from the mine operators, and was later indicted along with 224 others on state kidnapping charges; those charges were dropped.

When World War I broke out, he was commissioned captain, resigned as sheriff, and was sent to France. He was then called back to answer charges arising from the deportation, which were later dropped. He ran for sheriff again in 1922 and was defeated. He died of pneumonia and is buried in Bisbee.

[Sources: James W. Byrkit. Forging the copper collar: Arizona's labor management war of 1901-1921. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 1982; John S. Goff, Arizona Biographical Dictionary. Cave Creek, AZ: Black Mountain Press, 1983; Bill O'Neal, "Captain Harry Wheeler, Arizona Lawman," The Journal of Arizona History 27 no. 3 (1986): 297-314.]

The Arizona Rangers was a law enforcement agency in Arizona, modeled on the Texas Ranger Division, created by the Arizona Territorial Legislature in 1901. Created to deal with infestations of outlaws, especially rustlers, in the sparsely populated Territory of Arizona, especially along the Mexican border, the Rangers were an elite, well-trained, and secretive agency mounted on the best horses money could buy and well equipped with modern weapons at State expense. They were very effective in apprehending members of outlaw bands, often surprising them by descending on them without warning. (Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia). 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  William Baker Wheeler (1847 - 1908)
  Annie B Cornwell Wheeler (1847 - 1909)
 
 Children:
  Jessie Wheeler Merriman (1923 - 2003)*
 
 Sibling:
  Mary H. Cornwell Otis (1868 - 1870)**
  Harry Cornwall Wheeler (1875 - 1925)
 
*Calculated relationship
**Half-sibling
 
Burial:
Evergreen Cemetery
Bisbee
Cochise County
Arizona, USA
Plot: Grave Site GPS 31.43038 N. 109.89089 W.
 
Created by: C. Fahey
Record added: Dec 24, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial# 17145436
Harry Cornwall Wheeler
Added by: C. Fahey
 
Harry Cornwall Wheeler
Added by: C. Fahey
 
Harry Cornwall Wheeler
Added by: Leo James
 
 
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Thank you for your service to our great state of Arizona.
- Tom Todd
 Added: Jun. 10, 2011
Rest in peace. Not forgotten
- Cori Hoag
 Added: Oct. 14, 2010

- Carolyn Jane Harrelson Buckley (inactive)
 Added: Aug. 28, 2010
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