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John Brown
Birth: May 9, 1800
Torrington
Litchfield County
Connecticut, USA
Death: Dec. 2, 1859
Charles Town
Jefferson County
West Virginia, USA

American Abolitionist, Folk Figure. He advocated and practiced armed insurrection as a means to end all slavery. He led the Pottawatomie Massacre in 1856 in Bleeding Kansas and made his name in the unsuccessful raid at Harpers Ferry in 1859. President Abraham Lincoln said he was a "misguided fanatic" and Brown has been called "the most controversial of all 19th-century Americans." His attempt in 1859 to start a liberation movement among enslaved African Americans in Harpers Ferry, Virginia electrified the nation. He was tried for treason against the state of Virginia, the murder of five proslavery Southerners, and inciting a slave insurrection and was subsequently hanged. Southerners alleged that his rebellion was the tip of the abolitionist iceberg and represented the wishes of the Republican Party. Historians agree that the Harpers Ferry raid in 1859 escalated tensions that a year later led to secession and the American Civil War. Brown first gained attention when he led small groups of volunteers during the Bleeding Kansas crisis. Unlike most other Northerners, who still advocated peaceful resistance to the pro-slavery faction, Brown demanded violent action in response to Southern aggression. Dissatisfied with the pacifism encouraged by the organized abolitionist movement, he reportedly said "These men are all talk. What we need is action - action!" During the Kansas campaign he and his supporters killed five pro-slavery southerners in what became known as the Pottawatomie Massacre in May 1856, in response to the raid of the "free soil" city of Lawrence. In 1859 he led a raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry, Virginia (in modern-day West Virginia). During the raid, he seized the armory; seven people (including a free black) were killed, and ten or more were injured. He intended to arm slaves with weapons from the arsenal, but the attack failed. Within 36 hours, Brown's men had fled or been killed or captured by local farmers, militiamen, and U.S. Marines led by Robert E. Lee. Brown's subsequent capture by federal forces, his trial for treason to the state of Virginia, and his execution by hanging in Charles Town, Virginia were an important part of the origins of the American Civil War, which followed sixteen months later. When Brown was hanged after his attempt to start a slave rebellion in 1859, church bells rang, minute guns were fired, large memorial meetings took place throughout the North, and famous writers such as Emerson and Thoreau joined many Northerners in praising Brown. (bio courtesy of: Wikipedia) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Owen Brown (1771 - 1856)
  Ruth Mills Brown (1772 - 1808)
 
 Spouses:
  Dianthe Lusk Brown (1801 - 1832)
  Mary Ann Day Brown (1816 - 1884)
 
 Children:
  John Brown (1821 - 1895)*
  Jason Brown (1823 - 1912)*
  Owen Brown (1824 - 1889)*
  Ruth Brown Thompson (1829 - 1904)*
  Frederick Brown (1830 - 1856)*
  Watson Brown (1835 - 1859)*
  Salmon Brown (1836 - 1919)*
  Oliver Brown (1839 - 1859)*
  Sarah Brown (1846 - 1916)*
  Ellen Brown Fablinger (1854 - 1917)*
 
 Siblings:
  John Brown (1800 - 1859)
  John Brown (1800 - 1859)*
  Fredrick Brown (1807 - 1877)*
 
*Calculated relationship

Cause of death: Executed by hanging
 
Burial:
John Brown Farm Grounds
North Elba
Essex County
New York, USA
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 137
John Brown
Added by: ronald deavy (Inactive)
 
John Brown
Added by: Arthur Koykka
 
John Brown
Added by: William M. Morod
 
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- R I P
 Added: Nov. 14, 2014
What a great man, you and your children. I wish that I could have been with you. As much as I try and read, I canot understand slaverly. Isnt greed a sin in the Bible? The same Bible that they said blacks were put in Earth to serve whites? Im sorry for yo...(Read more)
- Andrew
 Added: Nov. 3, 2014
Your serviceis very much appreciated.
-Anonymous
 Added: Aug. 16, 2014
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Current ranking for this person: (4.4 after 251 votes)
 

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