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Mary Terrill Bawden
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Birth: Apr. 8, 1817
Langdon Cross, England
Death: Dec. 8, 1884
Scott County
Iowa, USA

Born in Redruth, Cornwall, England
Stephen, oldest of 8: Harriet, Edwin, John, Henry, Elizabeth, Caroline, and Matilda, was the son of Stephen and Elizabeth Jelbert (transcriber error) Gilbert, blacksmith and victualler of the Redruth Inn on Fore St. 1850 Census says Matilda was part of Stephen and Mary's household in Norristown, Montgomery, PA and 1860 in Rockingham Twnsp, Scott, IA. No other info except she was married to ?? Knotwell and had a child, 5 yo MB Knotwell who died of cholera and is buried here. Mr. Knotwell does not appear on Redruth census so she may have married in the US. It is not known where Matilda died/was buried.
Stephen married Mary Terrill on 4 Sep 1837 in the Church of Redruth, Cornwall, England. She was the dtr of Samuel and Mary Tremain Terrill of Redruth. Siblings: Samuel 1807, William 1809, George Trewren 1811, Thos 1814, Mary, then youngest Elizabeth b 1820, m. Wm Clemo, had Elizabeth, widowed, d. 19 Dec 1910 in Davenport, bur. Oakdale. (see posting).
Dtr Elizabeth was born in the Bawden Green Lane home on 10 July 1838; she died 24 Jun 1840 before the family left for Cuba.
In 1837, Victoria became Queen of England, beginning the golden years of the English colonial empire. Spain's influence was waning particularly in the Carribean area, and England looked to mineral-rich Cuba. Just before the 1841 census, Mary and Stephen sailed to Cuba in the interest of president Stephen's Sawanee Mining Co. which manufactured mining equipment. They settled in the small copper-mining town of Cobra in the hills above Santiago. Sons Stephen Douglas 13 Sep 1843 and Henry Lightbourne 28 Dec 1845 were born in Cobra/Cobré. They lived on the island for 10 years prosperously before returning to England where William Harry was born 2 Feb 1849 and died 10 Apr 1851 in their next business venture in Norristown, Montgomery, PA mining area. Dtr Mary Terrill b 9 May 1851, Thomas John b 10 Feb 1855 and George Washington (this writer's heritage) b 9 May 1859 in Norristown, to sell his mining equipment most likely mfgd in Redruth.
He lists his occupation as "agent" in census. Mary's sister Elizabeth Terrill Clemo (Clinson - transcriber error) and her dtr Elizabeth Clemo are a part of Stephen and Mary's household. The 1860 census was taken 3 Aug 1860 found 49yo Stephen and family, along with 2 English adolescent household servants: 18 yo Mary Douglas and 14yo Eliza White.
Early in 1860 just before the Civil War, Stephen decided to move his family to Scott County, IA. His Rockingham Township neighbors were from England (no loc) and it is thought he was lured by the very prosperous coal-mining industry as in Norristown. In 1860, there were 45 local coal mines providing 60,000 TONS, and that number would quadruple in 10 years for trains and factories. Stephen's combined worth is $70,000.
By 1860, railroads had made travel to the West relatively speedy and inexpensive. Stephen came to Davenport in advance of his family. In Scott County deed books: 31 Jul 1860 Book Y, p. 186, purchase part of Sec 4, Rockingham Twnshp from Wm and Mary Platts for $6,500. On 12 Sept 1860, Sec 4 is deeded by Jas G and Margaret Mossman, and on 20 Sep 1860, Willard and Anna Henderson Barrows deed to him in the same section. Both Sept deeds give Stephen's residence as Scott County. (Family became residents bwt 4 Aug and 11 Sept 1860). Platt next door neighbor John and Jane Harrison, their neighbor's wife Mary Morey and her mother Mary A. Foster. These people may have been the one to communicate with Stephen and Mary in Redruth or Norristown to come.
Stephen owned most of the nw quarter of Sec 6: 160 acres. The se corner lay along the Mississippi River adjacent to Offermann's Island (now Credit Island), and the road leading to Rockingham ran thru the center. By 1860, Rockingham had become almost a ghost town while Davenport population had reached 20,000. He called his home "Valley Farm". On the bluffs above VF were large estates and summer places built by the Putnam, Fejervary, Dillon families, some to escape the St. Louis summer heat.
Stephen set up a farm operation and built a large 2-story brick home with cyclone cellar. He called himself a "farmer" but by Iowa Agriculture Census for 1870 and 1880, he would be described a gentleman farmer as only 18 of 160 acres were tilled. He owned 2 horses, 2 cows, 25 barnyard fowl, 9 swine, and at no time did he earn more than $1000/yr.
He and Mary had a son Albert L. b 18 Jul 1861 in Rockingham and died of dysentary 10 Aug 1861. He is buried with them here in Sec 1 Lot 16, including Henry/pneumonia, Henry's son Clark J/cholera, and Henry's son Harry E/scarlet fever.
Stephen died of a paralytic stroke at his home on what is now Minnie Ave. Davenport Public School Roosevelt was built on this site. Mary moved to dtr Mary Terrill Iles home at 614 E. 13th (still stands) where she died 8 Dec 1884 of "general disability".
Family links: 
  Stephen Bawden (1812 - 1881)
  Stephen Douglas Bawden (1843 - 1917)*
  Henry Lightbourne Bawden (1845 - 1919)*
  Thomas John Bawden (1855 - 1914)*
  George Washington Bawden (1859 - 1905)*
  Albert L Bawden (1861 - 1861)*
*Calculated relationship
Mary T wife of Stephen Bawden
born April 8 1817 died dec 8 1884
Oakdale Memorial Gardens
Scott County
Iowa, USA
Plot: #2548 Sec 1 Lot 16 w/ Stephen, Albert L, Clark J, Henry
Created by: Carol
Record added: Jun 16, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 27591754
Mary <i>Terrill</i> Bawden
Added by: Carol
Mary <i>Terrill</i> Bawden
Added by: Carol
Mary <i>Terrill</i> Bawden
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Dustin Oliver
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.

 Added: Jan. 16, 2011
Thank you for coming to Rockingham with Stephen and huge family and bringing your Cornish upbringing and work ethic.Your heritage will be remembered for a long time.(Daffodills are the dutchy of Cornwall "national" flower.
- Carol
 Added: Jun. 16, 2008

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