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William Samuel Crowson
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Birth: 1814
Giles County
Tennessee, USA
Death: Jan. 31, 1863
Chicago
Cook County
Illinois, USA

William Samuel Crowson served in the Mexican War for the State of Texas. On the Muster Rolls of Texas Military Units he is listed with his brother, John Jasper Crowson, as having served as a private in Middleton T. Johnson's Company; composed primarily of personnel recruited from Shelby County. He is listed as receiving a disability discharge on 16 April, 1848.

William S. Crowson is listed on a Company Muster Roll as Private. Co. K, 17 Regiment, Texas Cavalry (Moore's Regiment) from June 30, 1862 to June 30, 1863. Enlisted March 8, 1862 at Marshall, Texas by Capt. L. J. Johnston for 1 year. Last Paid by Capt. J Fields June 30, 1862. The Seventeenth Texas Cavalry was mustered into Confederate service at Dallas on March 15, 1862. In November 1862, Captain James G. McKnight's Company K of the Eighteenth Texas Infantry Regiment transferred into the Seventeenth Texas Cavalry.

Serving with the famous Granbury's Texas brigade, William Samuel Crowson fought in opposition to the expedition against and capture of Arkansas Post, or Ft. Hindman, Arkansas. The Texas Cavalry Regiments (Dismounted) found themselves defending Fort Hindman, or Arkansas Post, in January of 1863. The 5,000 man garrison found themselves attacked by a 30,000 man forces commanded by a then obscure Union general named William T. Sherman. During the battle, Granbury's brigade was posted as follows, from right to left: 1st, Eighteenth Texas Dismounted Cavalry (Darnell's), commanded by Lieut. Col. John T. Cot; 2nd, Seventeenth Texas Dismounted Cavalry, Col. James R. Taylor; 3d, Tenth Texas Infantry, Col. Roger Q. Mills; 4th, Fifteenth Texas Dismounted Cavalry (Sweet's), commanded by Maj. V. P. Sanders; and numbered altogether about 1,500 to 1,600 rank and file

William Samuel Crowson appears on a Roll of Prisoners of War at Camp Douglas, Illinois. dated February. 8 1863, captured at Arkansas Post (Fort Hindman, Arkansas) January 11, 1863 and is shown to have died at Camp Douglas, January 31, 1863. Records of burial, Oak Woods Cemetery, Chicago Illinois, records him as "Cawson, W. S.". No records, describing how he died, have not been found. It could be assumed that he was in fair health upon his arrival at Camp Douglas. All the Arkansas Post prisoners, about 4,000 of them, passed through Saint Louis on the way to Camp Butler and Camp Douglas and the sick and wounded were left there. Camp Douglas was a prisoner of war internment camp near the 35th-street estate of Stephen Douglas, named for the late senator. Like all P.O.W. camps of its day, it was rife with communicable diseases - smallpox and dysentery. Conditions were appalling, and thousands died, Many of the prisoners were allowed to freeze to death, twelve in one night at Camp Douglas. A group of prisoners plotted to escape the camp and capture Chicago for the Confederacy, but were thwarted by Allan Pinkerton. By the end of the war, thousands had died and been buried in the North Side's old city Cemetery.
(Info: Kenneth R. Crowson) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Moses Crowson (1778 - 1862)
  Martha Person Crowson (1784 - 1828)
 
 Children:
  John Henry Crowson (1854 - 1936)*
 
 Siblings:
  Richard Wood Crowson (1804 - 1870)*
  Sarah Crowson Gooch (1807 - 1890)*
  Henry P. Crowson (1812 - 1839)*
  William Samuel Crowson (1814 - 1863)
  John Jasper Crowson (1818 - 1847)*
  Martha Crowson Atkinson (1821 - 1904)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Oak Woods Cemetery
Chicago
Cook County
Illinois, USA
 
Created by: Bill J. Crowson
Record added: Feb 01, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 33443523
William Samuel Crowson
Cemetery Photo
Added by: William Sweeney
 
 
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Thank you for your Confederate service. Your sacrifice is not forgotten. Rest in honored peace.
- Martha Reid 19 UDC
 Added: Dec. 1, 2010

- Frank Everett
 Added: Oct. 11, 2009

- Steve Perry
 Added: Apr. 21, 2009
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