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Edward I
Birth: Jun. 17, 1239
Westminster
City of Westminster
Greater London, England
Death: Jul. 7, 1307
Burgh-by-Sands
City of Carlisle
Cumbria, England

English Monarch. The eldest son of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence, he was known as Longshanks and "Hammer of the Scots". He ascended the throne upon the death of Henry in 1272, but was not formally crowned until August 19, 1274. He married Eleanor of Castile at Burgos, Spain on October 18, 1254. To her he was a loving and devoted, if not entirely faithful, husband and they had 16 children. After Eleanor's death in 1290, he married Margaret of France on September 8, 1299. They had three children. Much of Edward's reign was spent at war. He completed the conquest of Wales, defeating and uniting the Welsh marches, and defended his duchy of Gascony in France. But the latter half of his reign would be consumed by trouble in Scotland. The death of the young Margaret, Maid of Norway left the throne of Scotland vacant, and Edward siezed upon the opportunity to establish his control. He appointed John Balliol to the throne, but retained direct rule over the Scots and Balliol. In 1297 William Wallace rebelled and recovered much of the country, but Edward crushed the rebellion, captured Wallace and had him executed. He then summoned a complete Parliament, including elected Scottish representatives, and it was decided that a Council would rule Scotland under Edward's supervision. But Robert the Bruce unexpectedly rebelled and murdered his fellow Councillors. Despite failing health, Edward once again went north. He died en route to Scotland at Burgh-On-Sands, Cumbria at the age of 68. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Edward II. (bio by: Kristen Conrad) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
   King Henry (1207 - 1272)
   Eleanor of Provence (1222 - 1291)
 
 Spouses:
   Eleanor of Castile (1241 - 1290)*
   Marguerite de France (1282 - 1318)*
 
 Children:
  Katherine Plantagenet (____ - 1264)*
  Joan Plantagenet (1265 - 1265)*
  John Plantagenet (1266 - 1271)*
  Henry Plantagenet (1267 - 1274)*
  Eleanor Plantagenet (1269 - 1298)*
  Joan of Acre (1272 - 1307)*
  Alfonso Plantagenet (1273 - 1284)*
   Margaret of England (1275 - 1318)*
  Berengaria Plantagenet (1276 - 1278)*
  Mary Plantagenet (1278 - 1332)*
  Elizabeth Plantagenet (1282 - 1316)*
   King Edward II (1284 - 1327)*
  Thomas Plantagenet of Brotherton (1300 - 1338)*
  Edmund Plantagenet of Woodstock (1301 - 1330)*
  Eleanor Plantagenet (1306 - 1311)*
 
 Siblings:
   Edward I (1239 - 1307)
  Margaret Plantagenet (1240 - 1275)*
  Béatrice of England (1242 - 1275)*
  Edmund Plantagenet (1245 - 1296)*
  Richard of England (1247 - 1250)*
  John of England (1250 - 1252)*
  Katherine of England (1253 - 1257)*
  Henry of England (1260 - 1260)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Westminster Abbey
Westminster
City of Westminster
Greater London, England
GPS (lat/lon): 51.50008, -0.12923
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 1955
Edward I
Added by: MC
 
Edward I
Added by: Paula Straus
 
Edward I
Added by: Scott Michaels
 
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- Emily Marsh
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