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Siegmund Freudenberg
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Birth: Sep. 1, 1828
Berlin, Germany
Death: Mar. 23, 1908
Manhattan
New York County (Manhattan)
New York, USA

Siegmund Freudenberg (1828-1908) was a merchant in Germany and migrated from Germany to the United States on January 3, 1856 He worked as a clerk at the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company in New York City and in Philadelphia. He was Jewish. (b. 1828; possibly Berlin, Germany - March 23, 1908; Harlem, Manhattan, New York City, New York County, New York, USA)

Name:
Siegmund Freudenberg, and Sigmund Freudenberg.

Parents:
The name of his parents come from his death certificate and the handwriting is difficult to read. It looks like "Samuel Freudenberg" and "Rosie Cohen". It may also be "Samele Freudenberg" or another variation.

Birth:
He was born in 1828, possibly in Berlin. He listed "Prussia" in the 1870 census as his place of birth. His children were born in Berlin, Germany.

Religion:
Siegmund Freudenberg was Jewish.

First marriage:
Siegmund married Clara Horwitz (1835-c1861) on January 3, 1856 in Eisleben, Germany. Eisleben was the hometown of Martin Luther. The wedding was Jewish and Sigmund and Clara were listed as Jewish. Clara was transcribed as "Anna". Sigmund Freudenberg was working as a "kaufmann", or tradesman. The full text in German is as follows: "1857. Laut Verhandlung vom 22. Dezember 1856, (Vol I, fol. 258, den Akten der Beglaubigungen der Heiraten unter den Juden betreffend) haben der Kaufmann Siegmund Freudenberg zu Berlin und die Jungfrau Clara Harwitz, Tochter des verstorbenen Kaufmanns Aronn Harwitz, zu Eisleben geboren, am vierten März 1832, welche zu der jüdischen Glaubensgemeinschaft zugehören, erklärt, daß sie fortan als ehelich miteinander verbunden betrachten wollen. Eisleben, am dritten Januar eintausend achthundert siebenundfünfzig. Schnorbusch Protokollführer." Translated into English it reads: "1857. According to law of December 22, 1856, (Volume I, folio 258, the files of the legalization of marriages among Jews) have the merchant Siegmund Freudenberg of Berlin and the virgin Clara Horwitz, daughter of the late businessman Aronne Horwitz of Eisleben, born on the March 4, 1832, which belong to the Jewish community, declared that henceforth it will consider as legitimate linked. Eisleben, January 3, 1857. Schnorbusch, secretary."

Berlin:
By 1858 he was living in Berlin where his children were born. The first clue that the family was from Berlin came from the World War I draft registration of Richard F. Freudenberg (1896-1988) in 1918. Richard was his grandson.

Children:
Max S. Freudenberg I (1858-1921) who was born in Berlin, Germany; Alfred Freudenberg (1859–?); and Gertrude Freudenberg (1867–1940) who married Martin Schoenwald (1861-1941). All the children were born in Berlin. That information comes from the 1870 US census.

Death of first wife:
Clara most likely died in Germany around 1865-1867. Her last child is listed as born in New York, but that may be an error since she does not appear on the ship bringing Siegmund or later bringing their children. Another possibility is that she died aboard the ship before the manifest was written and was buried at sea, but she most likely would have been recorded on the manifest.

Emigration:
Siegmund arrived March 16, 1867 aboard the SS Hammonia and he was listed as a merchant. He is listed as "S. Freudenberg" on the manifest as a "miner" but a second version transcribed by Castle Garden has him listed as "Siegmu. Freudenberg" and a merchant. Max Freudenberg arrived with his siblings on May 11, 1869 aboard the Westphalia. They all appear in the 1870 US census.

Second marriage:
He married Augusta Hermann (1835-1904) between 1867 and 1868. Augusta was from Walldorf, Saxon, Germany according to the 1870 census.

Children:
Eddie Frudenberg (1868-1870) who died as an infant og pneumonia; Kate Freudenberg (1869–bef1880); Carry Hildise Freudenberg (1871–bef1880); Harriette Freudenberg (1871–bef1880); and Jennie Freudenberg (1872–1943) who married an Eidelman. All were born in Manhattan.

Manhattan and Philadelphia:
In 1870 he was living in Manhattan, New York City, New York and was listed as "Siegmund Freudenberg". He was an agent for the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. He resided in Ward 15, District 12 in Manhattan. In 1880 he was living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at age 51. Siegmund resided at 935 North 6th Street. His occupation was listed as "life insurance". In 1905 he was living in Manhattan, New York City, New York and was listed as the retired father-in-law of Joseph Eidelman.

Death:
He died on March 23, 1908 at 2 East 116th Street in Harlem in Manhattan. His death certificate was number "9795" and he died of asthma with chronic bronchitis.

Burial:
Washington Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York.

Relationship:
Siegmund Freudenberg (1828-1908) was the second great-grandfather of Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ).

Rediscovery:
The "Siegmund Freudenberg" (1830-1908) who died on March 23, 1908 in Manhattan was a suspect for being our Sigmund but there was no evidence. The family oral tradition was the Max came alone as crew on a ship and stayed on in the US illegally by "jumping ship". Sigmund never appeared in the 1880 or 1900 census with other family members and he was not buried with the other family members in Cypress Hill Cemetery in Brooklyn; or in Flower Hill Cemetery in North Bergen, New Jersey. On June 6, 2011, Kevin Borland (1975) discovered more information on Sigmund Freudenberg from the 1870 census that contained both Max and Siegmund together. The information was improperly transcribed at Ancestry.com but was correctly transcribed at Familysearch.com. This let him connect the Siegmund that died in 1908 to our Siegmund. He wrote: "I also found Sigmund Freudenburg's second wife Augusta, after Clara died. Sigmund had a [daughter] Gertrude, and a [daughter] Jennie, hence the origin of the name Jenny Gertrude. We'll have to search Philadelphia records to prove it's the same family, but I think it is, because Max is in the household in 1870 when they lived in New York, before Sigmund shows up in Philadelphia 1880. Sigmund sold life insurance. His office was across the street from the US Mint. Siegmund Freudenberg died March 23, 1908 in Manhattan. Up until then, he was living with his daughter Jennie (Freudenberg) Eidelman." Kevin then found him in the 1880 census and the 1905 census and found the names of the children from his second wife. On June 8, 2011, I found the marriage online and found that Max and Clara were married in a Jewish ceremony. I also found the death date for his second wife, Augusta. The information makes sense since Max ended up working at the same company as Sigmund, the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. The name Sigmund Freudenberg or Siegmund Freudenberg is very rare so that the odds of two of them born around the the same time being confused is remote. There is a second Siegmun Freudenberg, but he lived in Chicago. On January 21, 2013 I found the ship manifest of Siegmund arriving on 16 Mar 1867. He is listed as "S. Freudenberg" on the manifest but a second version transcribed by Castle Garden has him listed as "Siegmu. Freudenberg". A search of the same Castle Garden website found Max Freudenberg arriving with his siblings on 11 May 1869. This fit perfectly with the estimated arrival of 1865, since they appeared on the 1870 census and not the 1860 census.

Research:
Researched and written by Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ) for Findagrave starting on September 10, 2003.


 
Family links: 
 Spouses:
  Clara Horwitz Freudenberg (1835 - 1863)
  Augusta Hermann Freudenberg (1835 - 1904)
 
 Children:
  Max S. Freudenberg (1858 - 1921)*
  Alfred Freudenberg (1859 - ____)*
  Gertrude Freudenberg Schoenwald (1863 - 1940)*
  Eddie Freudenberg (1868 - 1870)*
  Kate Freudenberg (1869 - 1870)*
  Harriet Freudenberg (1871 - 1871)*
  Carrie Hildise Freudenberg (1871 - 1871)*
  Jennie Freudenberg Eidelman (1872 - 1943)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Washington Cemetery
Brooklyn
Kings County (Brooklyn)
New York, USA
Plot: Cemetery #1; Position 78; Row 3; Grave 16
 
Created by: Richard Arthur Norton (1...
Record added: Sep 10, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 7857632
Siegmund Freudenberg
Added by: Maxine Kravitz
 
Siegmund Freudenberg
Added by: Richard Arthur Norton (1958- )
 
Siegmund Freudenberg
Added by: Richard Arthur Norton (1958- )
 
 
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Rest in Peace
- Maxine Kravitz
 Added: Aug. 4, 2011
REST IN PEACE
- C
 Added: Aug. 15, 2006
 
 
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