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Charles Frederick Lindauer, I
Birth: Apr., 1836
Northampton County
Pennsylvania, USA
Death: Mar. 3, 1921
Westchester County
New York, USA

Charles Frederick Lindauer I (1836-1921) was described in 1894 as a "small fry" in organized crime in New York City. He ran the numbers game in a small territory in the Lower East Side of Manhattan. He described himself in advertisements as a lottery broker. In 1881 he inserted himself into the management of the Theatre Comique in Jersey City, New Jersey. It was a legitimate theater and was converted to a burlesque format with a "leg show" where alcohol was served without a liquor license. The newspaper in 1881 described his role as: "a partner or something". He was also a cigar dealer and tobacconist in Manhattan and Hoboken, at Lindauer and Company. He also ran a liquor store. He may have been a polyamorist, the best evidence to date is that he had children with three or four women and he appears in the 1870 census with children from two women living in two separate homes. He was a Free and Accepted Mason. (b. April 1836; Pennsylvania, USA - d. March 03, 1921, 3:00 pm; 209 Locust Avenue, Rye, Westchester County, New York, USA)

Charles Frederick Lindauer, Charles F. Lindauer, C. F. Lindauer, and Charlie Lindauer.

Oscar Arthur Moritz Lindauer (1815-1866) and Oscar's first wife who's name is still unknown. She may have been a sister of his second wife.

Charles was born in April of 1836 in Pennsylvania. The death certificate for Arthur Oscar Lindauer (1867-1944), his son, says that his father, Charles F. Lindauer, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

John Jacob Lindauer (1841-1888) who married Nellie Carney (1853-1899), worked as a cigar maker, and had several children and grandchildren; Louis Julius Lindauer (1842-1915) who married Mary Sheehan (1842-1888) and had several children and a few grandchildren but no known great-grandchildren; and Eloise Lindauer I (1852-1944) who married William Arthur Ensko II (1850-1889) and have several children and grandchildren.

Pennsylvania to New York City:
Around 1850 he migrated from Pennsylvania to New York City with his parents and siblings. His father remarried in 1851 and his half-sister was born in 1852 in Manhattan, New York City.

In February of 1857 Charles married Anna Augusta Kershaw (1841-1931), most likely in New York City. Civil registration of marriages in New York City began in 1829. The record has not been found.

Together Charles and Anna had the following children: Eloise Lindauer (1861-1935) aka Ellie Lindauer, who married Maximillian S. Freudenberg I (1858-1921) aka Max Freudenberg; William Lindauer (1866-c1870); Adeline Lindauer I (1862-before1921) aka Ada Lindauer I, who married Charles L. Schoenfeld (c1860-?); Anna Lilian Lindauer (1872-1956) who married Ira Lowe (1875-bef1910); Harry Chauncey Lindauer I (1877-1923) who married Hannah Shea (1884-?) and died of syphilis; and LeBaron Hart Lindauer (1879-1945) aka Lee Lindauer, who is named after the physician that attended his birth, and he later married Catherine Harney (1878-1966). Manhattan birth certificates start in 1866 so William Lindauer (1866) should be the first to have one.

Other children with other women:
Oscar most likely fathered children with other women and the children include: Arthur Oscar Lindauer (1867-1944) who was a trapeze performer who never married and who doesn't appear on the 1870 census with the other children; Grover Cleveland Lindauer (1885-1968) with Mary Dunne as the mother; Louis Miller who is listed as a brother of Grover in a family photo; and Charlotte Lindauer (1869-1894) aka Lottie Lindauer, with Caroline Ritter (1846-1876) as the mother. Lottie is buried in Brooklyn with Charles' other children. Other children exist that died at birth or as infants and are buried at Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York, but their birth and death certificates must still be found in the New York archives to confirm if they are the children of Charles or one of his siblings. Manhattan birth certificates start in 1866 so all the children should have birth information available.

Free and Accepted Mason:
Tom Savini of the Livingston Masonic Library writes: "Brother [Charles] Lindauer received his first Masonic degree in 1861 at the age of 24. His occupation was 'clerk', his birthplace reads 'America', and his residence as 'New York'. The date of his first degree was March 23, 1861; he received his 2nd degree on April 03, 1861; and he completed his membership in the lodge with his 3rd degree on January 27, 1864. It seems possible that Brother Lindauer took part in the Civil War, as it is not usual to have a three-year gap between the 2nd and 3rd degrees."

Manhattan, New York:
In 1866 Charles was listed in the New York City Directory working at 193, 188, and 280 Canal Street at an "exchange" and living in New Jersey. In 1872 he was working at 148 Mercer Street as a "broker" and living at 192 Bleeker Street. By 1880 he was working from a shop at 184 Mercer Street, Greenwich Village, Manhattan, New York City, New York.

Possible jewel thief:
This may be another Charles Lindauer and Louis Lindauer or it may be ours. Newark Daily Advertiser of Newark, New Jersey on January 23, 1866: "The Baldwin Robbery. The examination of Charles Lindauer, one of the persons suspected of participating In the Baldwin robbery, some time since, was continued yesterday afternoon before Justice Sandford. Lindauer persistently denies his guilt, alleging that he was in New York on the night of the robbery. Lewis Lindauer, the brother of Charles, being examined; said that the first time he was in this city before his arrest was on the 5th of December, and that he was not in the jewelry establishment of Messrs. Baldwin & Co., a few mornings previous to the robbery. He had not seen Charles in possession of any jewelry for the last two months. David Van Orden, an employee of Baldwin & Co., testified as to the. appearance of things at the factory after the discovery of the robbery. He recollected two men calling at the factory about two weeks previous to the robbery, about 6 1/2 o'clock, A. M., and thought he recognized one of the prisoners (Charles). On the morning of the same day he saw in Broad street two men who looked the persons accused. Timothy Crane, an apprentice, fully recognized Charles as one of the persons who visited the factory. The investigation is still in progress." January 23, 1866, Wednesday in the New York Times: "The $9,000 Jewelry Robbery. Yesterday afternoon Charles and Lewis Lindauer, recently arrested in New-York on a charge of being implicated in the robbery of $9,000 worth of jewelry from the safe of Baldwin Co., at Newark, on the night of the 9th of December, were taken before Justice Sandford for examination. Charles Lindauer being sworn, a general denial of any connection with the robbery. He stated that was not at the establishment of Messrs. Baldwin & Co. on the morning eight days previous to the robbery, when, it is alleged, that be visited the place with his cousin [sic], Lewis, and inquired in relation to a diamond; and further, that on the night of the robbery be was in various places in Broadway, above Grand-street, New-York. The examination was not concluded at 6 P. M. There were quite a number of witnesses present from New-York, ..." Note: there is no other combination of Charles Lindauer and Louis Lindauer in the 1860 or 1870 census, so all the evidence points to them as our Charles and Louis.

1870 census:
In 1870 "Charles Lindauer" appears three times in the census in different households. The first appearance has "Charles Lindauer" born in "New York" in "1840" with no occupation listed. He is living with his mother, and his legitimate wife, Anna Kershaw, and his first three children: Eloise, William, and Adeline. Missing from the household is Arthur Oscar Lindauer who was born in 1867, so he may have a different mother. The second appearance, a few blocks away in the 1870 Manhattan census is "Chas. Linder" born in "Pennsylvania" in "1840" and working as a "broker". This Charles Lindauer is married to Caroline Ritter (1846-1876) and she was born in "Paris, France" and is 25 years old. The two children are: George Lindauer (1866), and Charlotte Lindauer (1869-1894). Charles and Caroline appear again at a second property where he is listed as a "policy dealer" and they are living with her two children and Mary Eagleston, a "paper box maker". Charlotte Lindauer was buried in the Lindauer family plot in Cypress Hills under the name "Lottie Landers" and her mother was listed as "Carrie" and the father as "Charles" on her death certificate.

Post Office labels his business a fraud in 1879:
United States Official Postal Guide (1883): "List of persons conducting fraudulent lotteries and other schemes to defraud the public to whom payment of money-orders and the delivery of registered letters has been prohibited by order of the Postmaster General. ... Lindauer, Chas. F., December 1, 1879; 184 Mercer Street, New York, N.Y."

Hoboken, New Jersey:
In 1880 Charles and Anna were living at 51 8th Street in Hoboken, New Jersey with their children and their new son-in-law: Maximillian S. Freudenberg.

Cigar dealer:
Charles was working as a cigar dealer according to the census. In the 1880-1881 New York City Directory he is listed as selling cigars at 184 Mercer Street, and he is living at 45 Morton Street. His brother Louis Lindauer is also listed as selling "segars". All three brothers appear in the Jersey City and Hoboken Directory of 1880-1890 as cigar dealers or cigar makers.

Theatre Comique:
The Theatre Comique, Jersey City, New Jersey was also known as the Bumbaloo. It was a legitimate theater and around 1881 was converted to a burlesque format, a "leg show" where alcohol was served without a liquor license. Charles appears to have gained control over it: "Mr. Butler refitted the theater last fall and took Lindauer in as a partner or something". The "partner or something" lets us know that it was a shady deal where Lindauer may have muscled his way in, perhaps because of money owed over a gambling debt. The New York Times reported on December 6, 1881: "A Theatre Closed. Not Comic For The Comique. The Theatre Comique, opposite the City Hall, on Newark Avenue, was yesterday placed in the hands of a receiver by Chancellor Runyon on the application of Charles F. Lindauer the proprietor and manager. When the theater was opened about two years ago, it was named 'Butler's Theater Comique,' and was managed by Robert W. Butler, formerly of No. 444 Broadway, and more recently of the old Globe Theatre, New York city. A few weeks ago Butler's name was taken from the bills and posters, and soon afterward Butler obtained from Chancellor Runyon and injunction restraining Charles F. Lindauer, who continued the management, from paying out any of the money received for admission to the place. Consequently the performers and attaches of the place have received no money for the past three weeks. Yesterday Lindauer through his counsel, Norman L. Rowe applied to Chancellor Runyon for the appointment of a receiver, and Dr. Hoffman, the owner of the building, was appointed. Last night the receiver posted a card on the doors of the theater announcing that it would be closed until further notice, and the place was locked up. The performers who in the morning had rehearsed their characters in the place, expecting to go on in the evening, were unable last night to obtain the music or or their wardrobes. Mr. Butler refitted the theater last fall and took Lindauer in as a partner or something. The latter had full charge concerning the hiring of talent, etc., and has lost money. Mr. Butler became dissatisfied and offered to sell out his interest. Lindauer would neither buy nor sell, hence the rupture. The theater will probably be reopened under a new management."

Lindauer & Company, Tobacconists:
The following appears in the Brooklyn Eagle on June 2, 1889: "News from Jersey City. August Mueller, who was the collector in this city for Lindauer & Co., tobacconist, was sent to jail this morning for contempt of court. His employers were dissatisfied with his returns and had a receiver appointed to examine his accounts. Mueller refused to surrender his books and his arrest followed."

Liquor store:
Both Louis and Charles appear in the 1890 New York City directory working at their liquor store at 32 University Place: "Lindauer, Louis, liquors, 32 University pl. h 295 W. Houston" and "Lindauer, Charles F. liquors, 32 University pl. h Mt. Hope pl. c Flectwood av."

Numbers game:
Charles Lindauer, the policy dealer, was involved in the 1894-1895 corruption scandal in New York City and his name came up in the Lexow Committee hearings run by State Senator Clarence Lexow (1852-1910) of Nyack, New York. Testimony involving Charles was: "[Charlie] Lindauer has a new place [in New York City]; he is a small fry backer." He had advertisements in the New York Herald and other local papers for his lottery shop. This explains why he left Manhattan and Jersey City for Rye, New York around the the same year.

Rye, New York:
Between 1890 and 1895 Charles moved the family to Rye, Westchester County, New York. He bought the Halsted estate at 209 Locust Avenue and Maple Avenue. The oral family tradition was that he owned several "wine or beer gardens" and lived in a huge estate in Rye. In 1900 he was living in Rye with his unmarried children and two nephews: Grover Dunne; and Louis Miller. Grover and Louis appear in a family photograph, but where they fit in family tree is not certain yet. It's possible that Charles fathered the two "nephews" with other women. Grover Dunne aka Grover Cleveland Lindauer (1885-1968) never would talk about his parents, but his death certificate lists his mother as "Mary Dunne" and his father as "Charles Lindauer". In 1910 the family was living at 209 Locust Avenue in Rye and they were living with: Anna Lindauer, now a widow, and her two children: Blanche Lowe (1898-1998); and Joseph (Joe) Lowe (1903-1979). Both Charles and his son, LeBaron, appear in the 1914-1915 Rye City Directory with LeBaron working as a clerk. In 1920 Charles and Anna were still living at 209 Locust Avenue, but now in the house was their son, Arthur Oscar Lindauer. In 1920 Charles' other son, Harry was living at 38 Elm Place in Rye, with his wife, child and the following siblings: LeBaron Hart Lindauer (1879-1945) and his wife Catherine Harney (1878-1966); Anna Lindauer (1873-1956) the widow of Ira Lowe I (1870-bef1910) and her two children, Blanche and Joseph Lowe.

Charles died in 1921 of "myocarditis" and

He was buried in Greenwood Union Cemetery in Rye, New York with his wife, and daughter Anna Lindauer (1873-1956) who married Ira Lowe.

His obituary appeared in the Port Chester Daily Item on Thursday, March 3, 1921 and reads as follows: "Charles F. Lindauer, a resident of Rye for thirty years or more, died at his home on Locust Avenue at 3:40 yesterday afternoon. Deceased was in his eighty-eighth year and had been a sufferer from a complication of diseases. His confinement to bed had been quite brief, however, inasmuch as he was quite active only a few weeks ago, when he and his wife celebrated the sixty-fourth anniversary of their marriage. Of a retiring disposition, Mr. Lindauer had never taken active part or interest in public affairs of any kind. He and his family had occupied the old Halsted place at the corner of Maple and Locust avenues during the entire period of their residence in the village. Mr. Lindauer having been the head of a flourishing business in New York for a number of years after coming here. Deceased is survived by his widow and five children: Mrs. Anna Lowe, Arthur, LeBaron and Harry Lindauer, all of Rye, and Mrs. Eloise Freudenberg of Jersey City Heights, N.J. The funeral and interment will be private."

Charles Frederick Lindauer I (1836-1921) was the third great-grandfather of Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ).

Researched and written by Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ) for Findagrave starting on July 9, 2003. Updated on March 20, 2014 with information on the Theatre Comique from the New York Times. Updated on March 22, 2014 with United States Post Office fraud list from 1883. Updated on April 3, 2014 with more details from the 1870 census. Updated on November 15, 2014 with the maiden name of Nellie Carney and the Baldwin robbery. Updated on February 8, 2016 with general fixes. Updated on March 31, 2016 with "Philadelphia, Pennsylvania" as his place of birth.

Family links: 
  Oscar Arthur Moritz Lindauer (1815 - 1866)
  Anna Augusta Kershaw Lindauer (1841 - 1931)
  Caroline Ritter Lindauer (1846 - 1876)*
  Eloise Lindauer Freudenberg (1856 - 1935)*
  Arthur Oscar Lindauer (1867 - 1944)*
  Ada Lindauer Schoenfeld (1868 - 1895)*
  Charlotte Anne Lindauer Landers (1869 - 1894)*
  Anna Lillian Lindauer Lowe (1872 - 1956)*
  Oscar Arthur Lindauer (1872 - 1948)*
  Harry Chauncey Lindauer (1876 - 1923)*
  LeBaron Hart Lindauer (1878 - 1945)*
  Grover Cleveland Lindauer (1885 - 1968)*
  Charles Frederick Lindauer (1836 - 1921)
  Louis Julius Lindauer (1838 - 1915)*
  John Jacob Lindauer (1840 - 1888)*
  Eloise Lindauer Ensko (1852 - 1942)*
*Calculated relationship
Greenwood Union Cemetery
Westchester County
New York, USA
Plot: Grave 43, Row 7, Section C
Created by: Richard Arthur Norton (1...
Record added: Jul 09, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 7669951
Charles Frederick Lindauer, I
Added by: Richard Arthur Norton (1958- )
Charles Frederick Lindauer, I
Added by: Richard Arthur Norton (1958- )
Charles Frederick Lindauer, I
Added by: Richard Arthur Norton (1958- )
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Rest in Heavenly peace.
- Lori Haus
 Added: Aug. 19, 2016

 Added: Oct. 10, 2003
This page is sponsored by: Richard Arthur Norton (1958- )

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