|Birth: ||Jul. 17, 1830|
|Death: ||Dec. 11, 1872|
District Of Columbia, USA
Was one of the five African American men to accompany John Brown in the raid on the Federal Arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia) in October 1859. Anderson was a free-born black abolitionist, born in West Fallow Field, Pennsylvania on July 27, 1830. Along with John Anthony Copeland Jr., another member of the Brown raiding party, Anderson attended Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio. He later moved to Chatham, Canada, where he worked as a printer for Mary Ann Shadd's newspaper, The Provincial Freeman. In 1858 Anderson met John Brown and eventually became persuaded to join his band of men determined to attack Harpers Ferry.
One year after meeting John Brown, on October 16, 1859 Anderson took part in Brown's radical scheme to free the United States of slavery. Like Brown and the other followers, Anderson believed that if the group seized weapons at Harpers Ferry and then marched south, they would create a massive slave uprising that would liberate all of the nearly four million African Americans in bondage.
Osborne Anderson was among the five followers of Brown who escaped capture when U.S. Marines attacked the Arsenal to stop the raid. He was the only African American to escape capture. In 1861 Anderson, now safely in the North, wrote A Voice From Harper's Ferry with assistance from Mary Ann Shadd, in which he described his role in the raid and argued that many local slaves would have welcomed their liberation and some in fact had helped Brown and his men. Anderson's account was the only one published by a member of Brown's party and provided a rare first hand description of the events and the motivation of these abolitionists.
In 1864, five years after the Harpers Ferry Raid, Anderson enlisted in the Union Army, serving as a recruitment officer in Indiana and Arkansas. Osborne Anderson died on December 13, 1872 in Washington, D.C. at the age of forty-two.
Sources: Ariana Westbrook University of Washington, Seattle
Osborne Perry Anderson, A Voice from Harper's Ferry: A Narrative of Events at Harper's Ferry with incidents Prior and Subsequent to its Capture by Captain John Brown and His Men (Boston: Privately Printed, 1861); Timothy Patrick McCarthy and John Stauffer
Last weekend, nearly 100 people came on a clear, breezy day to National Harmony Memorial Park to memorialize this forgotten abolitionist and to dedicate a bronze plaque to his memory at the site of his final resting place.
They included a color guard from Fairmont Heights High School, black Civil War reenactors, Prince George's County Council Chairman Dorothy F. Bailey (D-Temple Hills), former D.C. Council member Frank Smith and a score ...
Infornation: Courtesy of SGS/DML....
Memorial Grave Marker Photo courtesy of Catherine Meehan Blount. Thank you for your help, time, effort.
National Harmony Memorial Park Cemetery
Prince George's County
Maintained by: Martha Reid 19 UDC
Originally Created by: Noname
Record added: Jan 10, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 46533175